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Holandia (2001)

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Holandia 2001 roku

 Holandia
Podzial administracyjny 12 provinces (provincien, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
18.38% (male 1,501,925; female 1,436,017)

15-64 years:
67.9% (male 5,518,575; female 5,333,442)

65 years and over:
13.72% (male 899,052; female 1,292,461) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Lotniska 28 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
19

over 3,047 m:
2

2,438 to 3,047 m:
7

1,524 to 2,437 m:
6

914 to 1,523 m:
3

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
9

914 to 1,523 m:
3

under 914 m:
6 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
41,526 sq km

land:
33,883 sq km

water:
7,643 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Tlo historyczne The Kingdom of the Holandia was formed w 1815. In 1830 Belgia seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Holandia remained neutral w Swiat War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Niemcy w Swiat War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Holandia is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC, and participated w the introduction of the euro w 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.85 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$134 billion

expenditures:
$134 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
Stolica Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government
Klimat temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Linia brzegowa 451 km
Konstytucja adopted 1814; amended many times, last time 17 luty 1983
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Kingdom of the Holandia

conventional short form:
Holandia

local long form:
Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

local short form:
Nederland
Waluta Holandia guilder (NLG); euro (EUR)

note:
on 1 styczen 1999, the EU introduced the euro as a common currency that is now being used by financial institutions w the Holandia at a fixed rate of 2.20371 Holandia guilders per euro and will replace the local currency dla all transactions w 2002
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.69 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $0
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Cynthia P. SCHNEIDER

embassy:
Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ, The Hague

mailing address:
PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 09715

telephone:
[31] (70) 310-9209

FAX:
[31] (70) 361-4688

consulate(s) general:
Amsterdam
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Joris M. VOS

chancery:
4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone:
[1] (202) 244-5300

FAX:
[1] (202) 362-3430

consulate(s) general:
Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York

consulate(s):
Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $3.5 billion (2000 est.)
Ekonomia The Holandia is a prosperous and open economy depending heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted dla stable industrial relations, moderate inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly w food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 4% of the labor force but provides large surpluses dla the food-processing industry and dla exports. The Dutch rank third worldwide w value of agricultural exports, behind the US and Francja. The Dutch economy has expanded by 3% or more w each of the last four years and real Produkt krajowy brutto growth is likely to be about 3.6% w 2001. The government w 2001 will implement its most comprehensive tax reform since Swiat War II, designed to reduce high income tax levels and redirect the fiscal burden onto consumption. The Dutch were among the first 11 EU countries establishing the euro currency zone on 1 styczen 1999.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 97.76 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.97 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 22.407 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 85.294 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
90.25%

hydro:
0.11%

nuclear:
4.27%

other:
5.37% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Prins Alexanderpolder -7 m

highest point:
Vaalserberg 321 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution w the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Dutch 91%, Moroccans, Turks, and other 9% (1999 est.)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (styczen 2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); Holandia guilders per US dollar - 1.9837 (1998), 1.9513 (1997), 1.6859 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
Queen BEATRIX (since 30 kwiecien 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 kwiecien 1967), son of the monarch

head of government:
Prime Minister Wim KOK (since 22 sierpien 1994) and Vice Prime Ministers Annemarie JORRITSMA (since 3 sierpien 1998) and Els BORST-EILERS (since 3 sierpien 1998)

cabinet:
Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

elections:
none; the monarch is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; vice prime ministers appointed by the monarch

note:
government coalition - PvdA, VVD, and D'66; there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors consulted by the executive on legislative and administrative policy
Eksport 3.97 billion kWh (1999)
Eksport $210.3 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy EU 78% (Niemcy 26%, Belgia-Luksemburg 12%, Francja 12%, UK 11%, Wlochy 6%), Central and Eastern Europe, US (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luksemburg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $388.4 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
3.3%

industry:
26.3%

services:
70.4% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $24,400 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2000 est.)
Autostrady total:
125,575 km

paved:
113,018 km (including 2,235 km of expressways)

unpaved:
12,557 km (1998)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
2.8%

highest 10%:
25.1% (1994)
Narkotyki major European producer of illicit amphetamine and other synthetic drugs; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy
Import 22.407 billion kWh (1999)
Import $201.2 billion (c.i.f., 2000 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy EU 56% (Niemcy 18%, Belgia-Luksemburg 10%, UK 5%, Francja 6%), US 9%, Central and Eastern Europe (2000)
Niepodleglosc 1579 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.2% (2000)
Przemysl agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 4.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 2.6% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, ESCAP, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
Dostawcy internetu 52 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 6,000 sq km (1996 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated dla life by the monarch)
Sila robocza 7.2 million (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki services 73%, industry 23%, agriculture 4% (1998 est.)
Granica total:
1,027 km

border countries:
Belgia 450 km, Niemcy 577 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
25%

permanent crops:
3%

permanent pastures:
25%

forests and woodland:
8%

other:
39% (1996 est.)
Jezyki Dutch
System prawny civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils dla four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:
First Chamber - last held 25 maj 1999 (next to be held NA maj 2003); Second Chamber - last held 6 maj 1998 (next to be held maj 2002)

election results:
First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 20, VVD 19, PvdA 15, D'66 4, other 17; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - PvdA 30.0%, VVD 25.3%, CDA 19.3%, D'66 9.3%, other 16.1%; seats by party - PvdA 45, VVD 38, CDA 29, D'66 14, other 24
Zywotnosc total population:
78.43 years

male:
75.55 years

female:
81.44 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
99% (2000 est.)

male:
NA%

female:
NA%
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgia and Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
596 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,321,500 GRT/4,877,632 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 3, cargo 371, chemical tanker 43, container 59, liquefied gas 21, livestock carrier 1, multi-functional large-load carrier 9, passenger 8, petroleum tanker 26, refrigerated cargo 29, roll on/roll off 18, short-sea passenger 3, specialized tanker 5 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Royal Holandia Army, Royal Holandia Navy (includes Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Holandia Air Force, Royal Constabulary
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $6.5 billion (FY00/01 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (FY00/01 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
4,083,349 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
3,555,501 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 20 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
96,082 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA w 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX w 1980), 30 kwiecien
Narodowosc noun:
Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)

adjective:
Dutch
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding
Surowce naturalne natural gas, petroleum, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 418 km; petroleum products 965 km; natural gas 10,230 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Jaap de Hoop SCHEFFER]; Democrats '66 or D'66 [Tom DE GRAAF]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wim KOK]; People's Party dla Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Hans F. DIJKSTAL]; a host of minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Federation of Holandia Trade Union Movement (comprising Socialist and Catholic trade unions) and a Protestant trade union; Federation of Catholic and Protestant Employers Associations; Interchurch Peace Council or IKV; large multinational firms; the nondenominational Federation of Holandia Enterprises
Ludnosc 15,981,472 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.55% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Amsterdam, Delfzijl, Dordrecht, Eemshaven, Groningen, Haarlem, Ijmuiden, Maastricht, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Utrecht, Vlissingen
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 58, shortwave 3 (1998)
Radia 15.3 million (1996)
Linie kolejowe total:
2,739 km

standard gauge:
2,739 km 1.435-m gauge; (1,991 km electrified) (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 31%, Protestant 21%, Muslim 4.4%, other 3.6%, unaffiliated 40% (1998)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.7 male(s)/female

total population:
0.98 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
highly developed and well maintained

domestic:
the existing system of multi-conductor cables is gradually being replaced by fiber-optic cables; the density of cellular telephone traffic is rapidly increasing and further modernization of the system is expected w the year 2001, z the introduction of the third generation of the Global System dla Mobile Communications (GSM)

international:
5 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 2 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (1996)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 9,132,400 (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 4,081,891 (kwiecien 1999)
Stacje telewizyjne 21 (plus 26 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.65 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.6% (2000 est.)
Drogi wodne 5,046 km

note:
47% of total route length is usable by craft of 1,000 metric ton capacity or larger
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