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Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy (2008)

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Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich PoludniowyGeorgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy (2001) (porownaj)
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Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy 2008 roku

 Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy
Terytorium total: 3,903 sq km


land: 3,903 sq km


water: 0 sq km


note: includes Shag Rocks, Black Rock, Clerke Rocks, South Georgia Island, Bird Island, and the South Sandwich Islands, which consist of 11 islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Rhode Island
Tlo historyczne The islands, which have large bird and seal populations, lie approximately 1,000 km east of the Falkland Islands and have been under British administration since 1908 - except dla a brief period w 1982 when Argentyna occupied them. Grytviken, on South Georgia, was a 19th and early 20th century whaling station. Famed explorer Ernest SHACKLETON stopped there w 1914 en route to his ill-fated attempt to cross Antarktyda on foot. He returned some 20 months later z a few companions w a small boat and arranged a successful rescue dla the rest of his crew, stranded off the Antarctic Peninsula. He died w 1922 on a subsequent expedition and is buried w Grytviken. Today, the station houses scientists from the British Antarctic Survey. Recognizing the importance of preserving the marine stocks w adjacent waters, the UK, w 1993, extended the exclusive fishing zone from 12 nm to 200 nm around each island.
Klimat variable, z mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed z periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow
Linia brzegowa NA km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy


conventional short form: none


abbreviation: SGSSI
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK, also claimed by Argentyna; administered from the Falkland Islands by a commissioner, who is concurrently governor of the Falkland Islands, representing Queen ELIZABETH II
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of the UK, also claimed by Argentyna)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK, also claimed by Argentyna)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Argentyna, which claims the islands w its constitution and briefly occupied them by force w 1982, agreed w 1995 to no longer seek settlement by force
Ekonomia Some fishing takes place w adjacent waters. There is a potential source of income from harvesting finfish and krill. The islands receive income from postage stamps produced w the UK, sale of fishing licenses, and harbor and landing fees from tourist vessels. Tourism from specialized cruise ships is increasing rapidly.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Opis flagi blue, z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms features a shield z a golden lion centered; the shield is supported by a fur seal on the left and a penguin on the right; a reindeer appears above the shield, and below it on a scroll is the motto LEO TERRAM PROPRIAM PROTEGAT (Let the Lion Protect its Own Land)
Koordynaty geograficzne 54 30 S, 37 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage; reindeer, introduced early w the 20th century, live on South Georgia
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (largely covered by permanent ice and snow z some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen) (2005)
System prawny the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; the senior magistrate from the Falkland Islands presides over the Magistrates Court
Lokalizacja Southern South America, islands w the South Ocean Atlantycki, east of the tip of South America
Lokalizacja na mapie Antarctic Region
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK
Naturalne zagrozenia the South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism
Surowce naturalne fish
Ludnosc no indigenous inhabitants


note: the small military garrison on South Georgia withdrew w marzec 2001 replaced by a permanent group of scientists of the British Antarctic Survey, which also has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited
Stacje radiowe 0 (2003)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: NA


international: coastal radiotelephone station at Grytviken
Stacje telewizyjne 0 (2003)
Uksztaltowanie terenu most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin z some active volcanoes
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