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Gambia (2004)

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Gambia 2004 roku

 Gambia
Podzial administracyjny 5 divisions and 1 city*; Banjul*, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 347,349; female 344,264)


15-64 years: 52.6% (male 403,297; female 410,382)


65 years and over: 2.7% (male 21,459; female 20,097) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 1 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 11,300 sq km


land: 10,000 sq km


water: 1,300 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Gambia gained its independence from the UK w 1965; it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia z Senegal between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty. A military coup w 1994 overthrew the president and banned political activity, but a 1996 constitution and presidential elections, followed by parliamentary balloting w 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. The country undertook another round of presidential and legislative elections w late 2001 and early 2002. Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH, the leader of the coup, has been elected president w all subsequent elections.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 40.3 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $58.63 million


expenditures: $62.64 million, including capital expenditures of $4.1 million (2003 est.)
Stolica Banjul
Klimat tropical; hot, rainy season (czerwiec to listopad); cooler, dry season (listopad to maj)
Linia brzegowa 80 km
Konstytucja 24 kwiecien 1970; suspended lipiec 1994; rewritten and approved by national referendum 8 sierpien 1996; reestablished styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia


conventional short form: The Gambia
Waluta dalasi (GMD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 12.08 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $476 million (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jackson McDONALD


embassy: Kairaba Avenue, Fajara, Banjul


mailing address: P. M. B. No. 19, Banjul


telephone: [220] 392856, 392858, 391971


FAX: [220] 392475
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Lena Manga Sagnia SECK


chancery: Suite 905, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1379


FAX: [1] (202) 785-1430
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje attempts to stem refugees, cross-border raids, arms smuggling, other illegal activities, and political instability from separatist movement w southern Senegal's Casamance region
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $45.4 million (1995)
Ekonomia The Gambia has no important mineral or other natural resources and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock dla its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, and instability of the Gambian dalasi (currency) have drawn some of the reexport trade away from The Gambia. The government's 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts; the following two marketing seasons have seen substantially lower prices and sales. A decline w tourism w 2000 has also held back growth. Unemployment and underemployment rates are extremely high. Shortrun economic progress remains highly dependent on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management as forwarded by IMF technical help and advice, and on expected growth w the construction sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 79.36 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 85.33 million kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: unnamed location 53 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Kurs waluty dalasi per US dollar - NA (2003), 19.9182 (2002), 15.6872 (2001), 12.7876 (2000), 11.3951 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 pazdziernik 1996; note - from 1994 to 1996 he was Chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 marzec 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 pazdziernik 1996; note - from 1994 to 1996 was he Chairman of the Junta); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 marzec 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; the number of terms is not restricted; election last held 18 pazdziernik 2001 (next to be held pazdziernik 2006)


election results: Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH reelected president; percent of vote - Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH 52.9%, Ousainou DARBOE 32.7%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $156 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels, re-exports
Eksport - partnerzy UK 26.7%, Belgia 6.7%, Chiny 6.7%, Niemcy 6.7%, Wlochy 6.7%, Malezja 6.7%, Tajlandia 6.7% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue z white edges, and green
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $2.56 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 46.8%


industry: 9.3%


services: 43.8% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,700 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Polozenie geograficzne almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa
Autostrady total: 2,700 km


paved: 956 km


unpaved: 1,744 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $271 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment
Import - partnerzy Chiny 24.9%, Senegal 8.9%, Brazylia 6.8%, UK 6.6%, US 5.6%, Holandia 5%, Indie 4.9% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 18 luty 1965 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism; beverages; agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking; clothing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 73.48 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 80.14 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 66.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 14% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 400,000 (1996)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 75%, industry, commerce, and services 19%, government 6%
Granica total: 740 km


border countries: Senegal 740 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 25%


permanent crops: 0.5%


other: 74.5% (2001)
Jezyki English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
System prawny based on a composite of English common law, Koranic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 elected by popular vote, five appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 17 styczen 2002 (next to be held NA styczen 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APRC 45, PDOIS 2, NRP 1,
Zywotnosc total population: 54.79 years


male: 52.76 years


female: 56.87 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 40.1%


male: 47.8%


female: 32.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki and Senegal
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 18 nm


continental shelf: not specified


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa none (2004 est.)
Wojsko Gambian National Army (GNA) (including Naval Unit), Presidential Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $900,000 (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.3% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 350,256 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 176,733 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 18 luty (1965)
Narodowosc noun: Gambian(s)


adjective: Gambian
Naturalne zagrozenia drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% w the last 30 years)
Surowce naturalne fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Patriotic Reorientation and Construction or APRC [Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH]; Gambian People's Party-Progressive People's Party-United Democratic Party or GPP-PPP-UDP Coalition [Ousainou DARBOE]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sheriff DIBBA]; National Reconciliation Party or NRP [Hamat N. K. BAH]; People's Democratic Organization dla Niepodleglosc and Socialism or PDOIS [Sidia JATTA]


note: w sierpien 2001, an independent electoral commission allowed the reregistration of the GPP, NCP, and PPP, three parties banned since 1996
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,546,848 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny 2.98% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Banjul
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religie Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.07 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate; a packet switched data network is available


domestic: adequate network of microwave radio relay and open-wire


international: country code - 220; microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Gwinea Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 38,400 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 100,000 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (government-owned) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.46 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne 390 km (on River Gambia; small ocean-going vessels can reach 190 km) (2004)
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