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Gambia (2001)

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Gambia 2001 roku

 Gambia
Podzial administracyjny 5 divisions and 1 city*; Banjul*, Lower River, Central River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
45.22% (male 320,458; female 317,647)

15-64 years:
52.13% (male 364,900; female 370,717)

65 years and over:
2.65% (male 19,660; female 17,823) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats; forest and fishery resources not fully exploited
Lotniska 1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
1

over 3,047 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
11,300 sq km

land:
10,000 sq km

water:
1,300 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Gambia gained its independence from the UK w 1965; it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia z Senegal between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty. A military coup w 1994 overthrew the president and banned political activity, but a new 1996 constitution and presidential elections, followed by parliamentary balloting w 1997, have completed a nominal return to civilian rule.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 41.76 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$90.5 million

expenditures:
$80.9 million, including capital expenditures of $4.1 million (2001 est.)
Stolica Banjul
Klimat tropical; hot, rainy season (czerwiec to listopad); cooler, dry season (listopad to maj)
Linia brzegowa 80 km
Konstytucja 24 kwiecien 1970; suspended lipiec 1994; rewritten and approved by national referendum 8 sierpien 1996; reestablished w styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of The Gambia

conventional short form:
The Gambia
Waluta dalasi (GMD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 12.92 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $440 million (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador George W. B. HALEY

embassy:
Fajara, Kairaba Avenue, Banjul

mailing address:
P. M. B. No. 19, Banjul

telephone:
[220] 392856, 392858, 391970, 391971

FAX:
[220] 392475
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador John P. BOJANG

chancery:
Suite 1000, 1155 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

telephone:
[1] (202) 785-1399

FAX:
[1] (202) 785-1430
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $45.4 million (1995)
Ekonomia The Gambia has no important mineral or other natural resources and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock dla its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, instability of the Gambian dalasi, and the stable political situation w Senegal have drawn some of the reexport trade away from Banjul. The government's 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts; the following two marketing seasons have seen significantly lower prices and sales. A decline w tourism from 1999 to 2000 has also held back growth. Unemployment and underemployment rates are extremely high. Shortrun economic progress remains highly dependent on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management as forwarded by IMF technical help and advice, and on expected growth w the construction sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 69.8 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 75 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
100%

hydro:
0%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location 53 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Kurs waluty dalasi per US dollar - 15.000 (styczen 2001), 12.729 (3d quarter 1999), 11.395 (1999), 10.643 (1998), 10.200 (1997), 9.789 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 pazdziernik 1996); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 marzec 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 pazdziernik 1996); Vice President Isatou Njie SAIDY (since 20 marzec 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet:
Cabinet is appointed by the president

elections:
the president is elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; the number of terms is not restricted; election last held 26 wrzesien 1996 (next to be held NA pazdziernik 2001)

election results:
Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH elected president; percent of vote - Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH 55.8%, Ousainou DARBOE 35.8%
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $125.8 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Eksport - towary peanuts and peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
Eksport - partnerzy Benelux 59%, Japonia 20%, UK 7%, Hiszpania 2% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue z white edges, and green
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $1.5 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
21%

industry:
12%

services:
67% (1998 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.9% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Polozenie geograficzne almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa
Autostrady total:
2,700 km

paved:
956 km

unpaved:
1,744 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $202.5 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Import - towary foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment
Import - partnerzy Chiny (including Hong Kong) 49%, UK 15%, Holandia 11.6%, Brazylia 10%, Senegal 10% (1997)
Niepodleglosc 18 luty 1965 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism; beverages; agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking; clothing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 77.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 3.4% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 150 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 400,000
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 75%, industry, commerce, and services 19%, government 6%
Granica total:
740 km

border countries:
Senegal 740 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
18%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
9%

forests and woodland:
28%

other:
45% (1993 est.)
Jezyki English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
System prawny based on a composite of English common law, Koranic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (49 seats; 45 elected by popular vote, 4 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)

elections:
last popular election held 2 styczen 1997 (next to be held NA styczen 2002)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - APRC 33, UDP 7, NRP 2, PDOIS 1, independents 2
Zywotnosc total population:
53.59 years

male:
51.65 years

female:
55.58 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
47.5%

male:
58.4%

female:
37.1% (2001 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki and Senegal
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary contiguous zone:
18 NM

continental shelf:
not specified

exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa none (2000 est.)
Wojsko Army (includes marine unit), National Police, Presidential Guard
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $2.6 million (2001 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2% (FY96/97)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
316,873 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
159,764 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 18 luty (1965)
Narodowosc noun:
Gambian(s)

adjective:
Gambian
Naturalne zagrozenia drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% w the last 30 years)
Surowce naturalne fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Patriotic Reorientation and Construction or APRC [Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH]; National Reconciliation Party or NRP [Hamat N. K. BAH]; People's Democratic Organization dla Niepodleglosc and Socialism or PDOIS [Sidia JATTA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Ousainou DARBOE]

note:
in sierpien 1996 the government banned the following from participation w the elections of 1996: People's Progressive Party or PPP [former President Dawda K. JAWARA (in exile)], and two opposition parties - the National Convention Party or NCP [former Vice President Sheriff DIBBA] and the Gambian People's Party or GPP [Hassan Musa CAMARA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,411,205 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.14% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Banjul
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2000)
Radia 196,000 (1997)
Linie kolejowe 0 km
Religie Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.1 male(s)/female

total population:
1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment:
adequate; a packet switched data network is available

domestic:
adequate network of microwave radio relay and open wire

international:
microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Gwinea Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 31,900 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 5,624 (2000)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (government-owned) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flood plain of the Gambia river flanked by some low hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.68 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 400 km
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