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French Polynesia (2005)

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 French Polynesia
Administrative divisions none (overseas lands of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 5 archipelagic divisions named Archipel des Marquises, Archipel des Tuamotu, Archipel des Tubuai, Iles du Vent, and Iles Sous-le-Vent

note: Clipperton Island is administered by France from French Polynesia
Age structure 0-14 years: 26.7% (male 36,947/female 35,403)

15-64 years: 67.4% (male 94,710/female 87,546)

65 years and over: 5.9% (male 8,018/female 7,861) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits; poultry, beef, dairy products, coffee
Airports 50 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 37

over 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 23

under 914 m: 7 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 13

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 8 (2004 est.)
Area total: 4,167 sq km (118 islands and atolls)

land: 3,660 sq km

water: 507 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut
Background The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were suspended in January 1996.
Birth rate 16.93 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $1 billion

expenditures: $900 million, including capital expenditures of $185 million (1996)
Capital Papeete
Climate tropical, but moderate
Coastline 2,525 km
Constitution 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Overseas Lands of French Polynesia

conventional short form: French Polynesia

local long form: Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise

local short form: Polynesie Francaise

former: French Colony of Oceania
Death rate 4.63 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external NA
Dependency status overseas lands of France; overseas territory of France from 1946-2004
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas lands of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas lands of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $367 million (1997)
Economy - overview Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. Other sources of income are pearl farming and deep-sea commercial fishing. The small manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefits substantially from development agreements with France aimed principally at creating new businesses and strengthening social services.
Electricity - consumption 353.4 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 380 million kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Orohena 2,241 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Exchange rates Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 96.04 (2004), 105.66 (2003), 126.71 (2002), 133.26 (2001), 129.43 (2000)

note: pegged at the rate of 119.25 XPF to the euro
Executive branch chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Commissioner of the Republic Michel MATHIEU (since 24 October 2001); note - Michel MATHIER leaves 30 July 2005, replaced by Jacques MICHAUT (acting high commissioner), until the arrival of Anne BOQUET in early September 2005

head of government: President of the Territorial Government of French Polynesia Oscar TEMARU (since 3 March 2005); President of the Territorial Assembly Antony GEROS (since 9 May 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Territorial Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Government and the president of the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $244 million f.o.b. (2002)
Exports NA
Exports - commodities cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat
Exports - partners France 36.6%, Japan 22.7%, US 16.1%, Niger 13%, Thailand 4.1% (2004)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two narrow red horizontal bands encase a wide white band; centered on the white band is a disk with blue and white wave pattern on the lower half and gold and white ray pattern on the upper half; a stylized red, blue and white ship rides on the wave pattern; the French flag is used for official occasions
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 4%

industry: 18%

services: 78% (2002)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $17,500 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 15 00 S, 140 00 W
Geography - note includes five archipelagoes (4 volcanic, 1 coral); Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru
Heliports 1 (2004 est.)
Highways total: 2,590 km

paved: 1,735 km

unpaved: 855 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $1.341 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Imports NA
Imports - commodities fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners France 47.6%, New Zealand 8.8%, Singapore 8.4%, Australia 8.3%, US 7.1% (2004)
Independence none (overseas lands of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
Infant mortality rate total: 8.44 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.5% (2002 est.)
International organization participation FZ, ICFTU, PIF (observer), UPU, WMO
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif
Labor force 70,000 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 13%, industry 19%, services 68% (2002)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0.82%

permanent crops: 5.46%

other: 93.72% (2001)
Languages French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
Legal system based on French system
Legislative branch unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (57 seats - changed from 49 seats for May 2004 election; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 23 May 2004 (next to be held May 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - People's Rally for the Republic (Gaullist) 28, Union for Democracy 27, New Star 1, This Country is Yours 1; after by-elections of 13 February 2005 seating was as follows: People's Rally for the Republic 27, Union for Democracy 27, and Alliance for a New Democracy 3

note: one seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; two seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UMP/RPR 1, UMP 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 75.9 years

male: 73.5 years

female: 78.42 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: age 14 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 98%

female: 98% (1977 est.)
Location Oceania, archipelagoes in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from South America to Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 15 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 17,537 GRT/15,150 DWT

by type: cargo 4, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 5, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1

foreign-owned: 1 (France 1) (2005)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular military forces; Gendarmerie and National Police Force
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: French Polynesian(s)

adjective: French Polynesian
Natural hazards occasional cyclonic storms in January
Natural resources timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Net migration rate 2.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders Independent Front for the Liberation of Polynesia (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU]; New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile VERNAUDON]; People's Rally for the Republic of Polynesia or RPR (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE]; The New Star (Te Fetia Api) [Philippe SHYLE]; This Country is Yours (No Oe E Te Nunaa) [Nicle BOUTEAU]; Union for Democracy or UPD [Oscar TEMARU]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 270,485 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.52% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Papeete
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 14, shortwave 2 (1998)
Religions Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female

total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 689; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 52,500 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 90,000 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 7 (plus 17 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs
Total fertility rate 2.04 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 11.8% (1994)
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