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French Polynesia (2001)

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French Polynesia 2001 year

 French Polynesia
Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 5 archipelagic divisions named Archipel des Marquises, Archipel des Tuamotu, Archipel des Tubuai, Iles du Vent, and Iles Sous-le-Vent

Clipperton Island is administered by France from French Polynesia
Age structure 0-14 years:
29.74% (male 38,473; female 36,925)

15-64 years:
65.17% (male 86,128; female 79,076)

65 years and over:
5.09% (male 6,481; female 6,423) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits; poultry, beef, dairy products
Airports 45 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
6 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
10 (2000 est.)
Area total:
4,167 sq km (118 islands and atolls)

3,660 sq km

507 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut
Background The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were suspended in January 1996.
Birth rate 18.6 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$1 billion

$900 million, including capital expenditures of $185 million (1996)
Capital Papeete
Climate tropical, but moderate
Coastline 2,525 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form:
Territory of French Polynesia

conventional short form:
French Polynesia

local long form:
Territoire de la Polynesie Francaise

local short form:
Polynesie Francaise

French Colony of Oceania
Currency Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF)
Death rate 4.45 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas territory of France since 1946
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $367 million (1997)
Economy - overview Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. The small manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefited from a five-year (1994-98) development agreement with France aimed principally at creating new jobs.
Electricity - consumption 399.9 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 430 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Mont Orohena 2,241 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Exchange rates Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 127.11 (January 2001), 129.44 (2000), 111.93 (1999), 107.25 (1998), 106.11 (1997), 93.00 (1996); note - pegged at the rate of 119.25 XPF to the euro
Executive branch chief of state:
President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Commissioner of the Republic Paul RONCIERE (since NA 1994)

head of government:
President of the Territorial Government of French Polynesia Gaston FLOSSE (since 4 April 1991); President of the Territorial Assembly Justin ARAPARI (since 13 May 1996)

Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Territorial Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers

French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Government and the president of the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $205 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Exports - commodities cultured pearls 50%, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat (1997)
Exports - partners Japan 62%, US 21% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two narrow red horizontal bands encase a wide white band; centered on the white band is a disk with blue and white wave pattern on the lower half and gold and white ray pattern on the upper half; a stylized red, blue and white ship rides on the wave pattern; the French flag is used for official occasions
GDP purchasing power parity - $2.6 billion (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


78% (1997)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $10,800 (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.5% (1997 est.)
Geographic coordinates 15 00 S, 140 00 W
Geography - note includes five archipelagoes; Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru
Highways total:
792 km

264 km

528 km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $749 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Imports - commodities fuels, foodstuffs, equipment
Imports - partners France 53%, US 13%, Australia 10% (1999)
Independence none (overseas territory of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts
Infant mortality rate 9.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.5% (1994)
International organization participation ESCAP (associate), FZ, ICFTU, SPC, WMO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif
Labor force 70,000 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 13%, industry 19%, services 68% (1997)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

57% (1993 est.)
Languages French (official), Tahitian (official)
Legal system based on French system
Legislative branch unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held 12 May 1996 (next to be held NA 2001)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - People's Rally for the Republic (Gaullist) 22, Independent Front for the Liberation of Polynesia 10, New Fatherland Party 5, other 4

one seat was elected to the French Senate on 24 September 1989 (next to be held NA September 1998); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UC 1; two seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 25 May - 1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - People's Rally for the Republic (Gaullist) 2
Life expectancy at birth total population:
75.01 years

72.67 years

77.46 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 14 and over can read and write

total population:


98% (1977 est.)
Location Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from South America to Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,240 GRT/7,765 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 1, passenger/cargo 2, refrigerated cargo 1 (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches French Forces (includes Army, Navy, Air Force), Gendarmerie
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun:
French Polynesian(s)

French Polynesian
Natural hazards occasional cyclonic storms in January
Natural resources timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Net migration rate 3.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Centrist Union or UC [leader NA]; Independent Front for the Liberation of Polynesia (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU]; New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile VERNAUDON]; People's Rally for the Republic (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 253,506 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.72% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Mataura, Papeete, Rikitea, Uturoa
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 14, shortwave 2 (1998)
Radios 128,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 16%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.09 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.01 male(s)/female

total population:
1.07 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 52,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 5,427 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 7 (plus 17 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs
Total fertility rate 2.23 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 15% (1992 est.)
Waterways none
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