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French Guiana (2004)

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French Guiana 2004 year

 French Guiana
Administrative divisions none (overseas department of France)
Age structure 0-14 years: 29.6% (male 28,959; female 27,657)

15-64 years: 64.5% (male 66,388; female 57,020)

65 years and over: 5.9% (male 5,736; female 5,549) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
Airports 11 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 4

over 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 7

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 5 (2004 est.)
Area total: 91,000 sq km

land: 89,150 sq km

water: 1,850 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Indiana
Background First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.
Birth rate 21 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $225 million

expenditures: $390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Capital Cayenne
Climate tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 378 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Department of Guiana

conventional short form: French Guiana

local long form: none

local short form: Guyane
Currency euro (EUR)
Death rate 4.82 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $1.2 billion (1988)
Dependency status overseas department of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas department of France)
Disputes - international Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)
Economic aid - recipient NA (1995)
Economy - overview The economy is tied closely to the larger French economy through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou (which accounts for 25% of GDP), fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities. Forest and woodland cover 90% of the country. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.
Electricity - consumption 423.2 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 455 million kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
Exchange rates Euros per US dollar - 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Ange MANCINI (since 31 July 2002)

head of government: President of the General Council Joseph HO-TEN-YOU (since 26 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (since 22 March 1992)

cabinet: NA

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; presidents of the General and Regional Councils are appointed by the members of those councils
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $155 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing
Exports - partners France 62%, Switzerland 7%, US 2% (2001)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description the flag of France is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.551 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: NA (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,300 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 4 00 N, 53 00 W
Geography - note mostly an unsettled wilderness; the only non-independent portion of the South American continent
Highways total: 722 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs small amount of marijuana grown for local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $625 million c.i.f. (2002 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals
Imports - partners France 63%, US, Trinidad and Tobago, Italy (2002 est.)
Independence none (overseas department of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
Infant mortality rate total: 12.46 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 11.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.5% (2002 est.)
International organization participation UPU, WCL, WFTU
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel (highest local court based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana)
Labor force 58,800 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 18.2%, industry 21.2%, services, government, and commerce 60.6% (1980)
Land boundaries total: 1,183 km

border countries: Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km
Land use arable land: 0.14%

permanent crops: 0.05%

other: 99.81% (90% forest, 10% other) (2001)
Languages French
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

elections: General Council - last held NA March 2000 (next to be held NA 2006); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PSG 5, various left-wing parties 5, independents 7, other 2; Regional Council - percent of vote by party - PS 28.28%, various left parties 22.56%, RPR 15.91%, independents 8.6%, Walwari Committee 6%; seats by party - PS 11, various left parties 9, RPR 6, independents 3, Walwari Committee 2

note: one seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held NA September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 2 seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP/RPR 1, Walwari Committee 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 76.89 years

male: 73.57 years

female: 80.38 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 83%

male: 84%

female: 82% (1982 est.)
Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname
Map references South America
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular military forces; Gendarmerie
Military expenditures - dollar figure NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 52,294 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 33,914 (2004 est.)
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: French Guianese (singular and plural)

adjective: French Guianese
Natural hazards high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
Natural resources bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), petroleum, kaolin, fish, niobium, tantalum, clay
Net migration rate 6.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Guyanese Democratic Action or ADG [Andre LECANTE]; Guyanese Socialist Party or PSG [Marie-Claude VERDAN]; Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG [Georges OTHILY]; Popular National Guyanese Party or PNPG [Jose DORCY]; Socialist Party or PS [Paul DEBRIETTE]; Union for a Popular Movement or UMP [Muriel ICARE]; Walwari Committee (aligned with the PRG in France) [Christine TAUBIRA-DELANON]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 191,309 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 2.25% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Cayenne, Degrad des Cannes, Saint-Laurent du Maroni
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 14 (including 6 repeaters), shortwave 6 (including 5 repeaters) (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female

total population: 1.12 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: fair open-wire and microwave radio relay system

international: country code - 594; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 51,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 138,200 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 3 (plus eight low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains
Total fertility rate 3.05 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 22% (2001)
Waterways 3,760 km

note: 460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers, 3,300 km by native craft (2004)
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