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French Guiana (2001)

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French Guiana 2001 year

 French Guiana
Administrative divisions none (overseas department of France)
Age structure 0-14 years:
30.47% (male 27,669; female 26,428)

15-64 years:
64.05% (male 61,457; female 52,266)

65 years and over:
5.48% (male 4,937; female 4,805) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
Airports 11 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
5 (2000 est.)
Area total:
91,000 sq km

89,150 sq km

1,850 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Indiana
Background First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.
Birth rate 22.02 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$225 million

$390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Capital Cayenne
Climate tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 378 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form:
Department of Guiana

conventional short form:
French Guiana

local long form:

local short form:
Currency French franc (FRF); euro (EUR)
Death rate 4.77 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $1.2 billion (1988)
Dependency status overseas department of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas department of France)
Disputes - international Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview The economy is tied closely to that of France through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry which provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.
Electricity - consumption 409.2 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 440 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Bellevue de l'Inini 851 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
Exchange rates Euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997), 5.1155 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Dominique VIAN (since NA January 1997)

head of government:
President of the General Council Andre LECANTE (since NA March 1998); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (since 22 March 1992)


French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; presidents of the General and Regional Councils are appointed by the members of those councils
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $155 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Exports - commodities shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing
Exports - partners France 62%, Switzerland 7%, US 2% (1997)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description the flag of France is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $1 billion (1998 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $6,000 (1998 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 4 00 N, 53 00 W
Geography - note mostly an unsettled wilderness
Highways total:
1,817 km

817 km

1,000 km (1998)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Illicit drugs small amount of marijuana grown for local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $625 million (c.i.f., 1997)
Imports - commodities food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals
Imports - partners France 52%, US 14%, Trinidad and Tobago 6% (1997)
Independence none (overseas department of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
Infant mortality rate 13.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (1992)
International organization participation FZ, WCL, WFTU
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1993 est.)
Judicial branch Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel (highest local court based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana)
Labor force 58,800 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation services, government, and commerce 60.6%, industry 21.2%, agriculture 18.2% (1980)
Land boundaries total:
1,183 km

border countries:
Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

10% (1996 est.)
Languages French
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

General Council - last held NA March 2000 (next to be held NA 2006); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
General Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; Regional Council - percent of vote by party - PS 28.28%, various left parties 22.56%, RPR 15.91%, independents 8.6%, Walwari Committee 6%; seats by party - PS 11, various left parties 9, RPR 6, independents 3, Walwari Committee 2

one seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held NA September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 2 seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 25 May - 1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPR 1, PSG 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
76.3 years

72.97 years

79.79 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


82% (1982 est.)
Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname
Map references South America
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches French Forces, Gendarmerie
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
49,495 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
32,052 (2001 est.)
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun:
French Guianese (singular and plural)

French Guianese
Natural hazards high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding
Natural resources bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
Net migration rate 10.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Guianese Socialist Party or PSG [Antoine KARAM]; Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG [Georges OTHILY]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Roland HO-WEN-SZE]; Socialist Party or PS [Pierre RIBARDIERE] (may be a subset of PSG); Walwari Committee [Christine TAUBIRA-DELANON]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 177,562 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.74% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Cayenne, Degrad des Cannes, Saint-Laurent du Maroni
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 14 (including 6 repeaters), shortwave 6 (including 5 repeaters) (1998)
Radios 104,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km (1995)
Religions Roman Catholic
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.18 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.03 male(s)/female

total population:
1.13 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:

fair open wire and microwave radio relay system

satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 47,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 3 (plus eight low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains
Total fertility rate 3.17 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 21.4% (1998)
Waterways 3,300 km navigable by native craft

460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers
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