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Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne (2008)

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Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne 2008 roku

 Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne
Podzial administracyjny none (overseas territory of Francja); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are five administrative districts named Iles Crozet, Wyspy Rozproszone, Iles Kerguelen, Ile Saint-Paul et Ile Amsterdam; the fifth district is the "Adelie Land" claim w Antarktyda that is not recognized by the US
Lotniska 4 (one each on Europa (wyspa), Wyspy Glorioso, Juan de Nova, and Wyspa Tromelin w the Wyspy Rozproszone district) (2006)
Terytorium Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): total - 55 sq km; land - 55 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): total - 7 sq km; land - 7 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Iles Crozet: total - 352 sq km; land - 352 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Iles Kerguelen: total - 7,215 sq km; land - 7,215 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): total - 80 sq km; land - 0.2 sq km; water - 79.8 sq km (lagoon)


Europa (wyspa) (Wyspy Rozproszone): total - 28 sq km; land - 28 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Gloriosos Islands (Wyspy Rozproszone): total - 5 sq km; land - 5 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): total - 4.4 sq km; land - 4.4 sq km; water - 0 sq km


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): total - 1 sq km; land - 1 sq km; water - 0 sq km


note: excludes "Adelie Land" claim of about 500,000 sq km w Antarktyda that is not recognized by the US
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): less than one-half the size of Washington, DC


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): more than 10 times the size of the Mall w Washington, DC


Iles Crozet: about twice the size of Washington, DC


Iles Kerguelen: a little larger than Delaware


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): land area about one-third the size of The Mall w Washington, DC


Europa (wyspa) (Wyspy Rozproszone): about one-sixth the size of Washington, DC


Wyspy Glorioso (Wyspy Rozproszone): about eight times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC


Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): about seven times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): about 1.7 times the size of The Mall w Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne In luty 2007, the Wyspy Rozproszone became an integral part of the Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne (TAAF). The Southern Lands are now divided into five administrative districts, two of which are archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen; the third is a district composed of two volcanic islands, Ile Saint-Paul and Ile Amsterdam; the fourth, Wyspy Rozproszone, consists of scattered tropical islands around Madagaskar. They contain no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna, scientists at the various scientific stations, fishermen, and military personnel. The fifth district is the Antarctic portion, which consists of "Adelie Land," a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French w 1840.


Ile Amsterdam: Discovered but not named w 1522 by the Spanish, the island subsequently received the appellation of Nieuw Amsterdam from a Dutchman; it was claimed by Francja w 1843. A short-lived attempt at cattle farming began w 1871. A French meteorological station established on the island w 1949 is still w use.


Ile Saint Paul: Claimed by Francja since 1893, the island was a fishing industry center from 1843 to 1914. In 1928, a spiny lobster cannery was established, but when the company went bankrupt w 1931, seven workers were abandoned. Only two survived till 1934 when rescue finally arrived.


Iles Crozet: A large archipelago formed from the Crozet Plateau, Iles Crozet is divided into two main groups: L'Occidental (the West), which includes Ile aux Cochons, Ilots des Apotres, Ile des Pingouins, and the reefs Brisants de l'Heroine; and L'Oriental (the east), which includes Ile d'Est and Ile de la Possession (the largest island of the Crozets). Discovered and claimed by Francja w 1772, the islands were used dla seal hunting and as a base dla whaling. Originally administered as a dependency of Madagaskar, they became part of the TAAF w 1955.


Iles Kerguelen: This island group, discovered w 1772, is made up of one large island (Ile Kerguelen) and about 300 smaller islands. A permanent group of 50 to 100 scientists resides at the main base at Port-aux-Francais.


Adelie Land: The only non-insular district of the TAAF is the Antarctic claim known as "Adelie Land." The US Government does not recognize it as a French dependency.


Bassas da Indie: A French possession since 1897, this atoll is a volcanic rock surrounded by reefs and is awash at high tide.


Europa (wyspa): This heavily wooded island has been a French possession since 1897; it is the site of a small military garrison that staffs a weather station.


Wyspy Glorioso: A French possession since 1892, the Wyspy Glorioso are composed of two lushly vegetated coral islands (Ile Glorieuse and Ile du Lys) and three rock islets. A military garrison operates a weather and radio station on Ile Glorieuse.


Juan de Nova: Named after a famous 15th century Spanish navigator and explorer, the island has been a French possession since 1897. It has been exploited dla its guano and phosphate. Presently a small military garrison oversees a meteorological station.


Wyspa Tromelin: First explored by the French w 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion w 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
Klimat Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul: oceanic z persistent westerly winds and high humidity


Iles Crozet: windy, cold, wet, and cloudy


Iles Kerguelen: oceanic, cold, overcast, windy


Wyspy Rozproszone: tropical
Linia brzegowa Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): 28 km


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul):


Iles Kerguelen: 2,800 km


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): 35.2 km


Europa (wyspa) (Wyspy Rozproszone): 22.2 km


Wyspy Glorioso (Wyspy Rozproszone): 35.2 km


Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): 24.1 km


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): 3.7 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Territory of the Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne


conventional short form: Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne


local long form: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises


local short form: Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises


abbreviation: TAAF
Podleglosc overseas territory of Francja since 1955; administered from Paris by Administrateur Superieur Eric PILLOTON (since 10 kwiecien 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of Francja)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of Francja)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje French claim to "Adelie Land" w Antarktyda is not recognized by the US


Bassas da Indie, Europa (wyspa), Wyspy Glorioso, Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): claimed by Madagaskar


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): claimed by Mauritius
Ekonomia Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological and geophysical research stations, military bases, and French and other fishing fleets. The fish catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are exported to Francja and Reunion.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Mont de la Dives on Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 867 m; unnamed location on Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) 272 m; Pic Marion-Dufresne w Iles Crozet 1,090 m; Mont Ross w Iles Kerguelen 1,850 m; unnamed location on Bassas de Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone) 2.4 m; unnamed location on Europa (wyspa) (Wyspy Rozproszone) 24 m; unnamed location on Wyspy Glorioso (Wyspy Rozproszone) 12 m; unnamed location on Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone) 10 m; unnamed location on Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone) 7 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy introduction of foreign species on Iles Crozet has caused severe damage to the original ecosystem; overfishing of Patagonian Toothfish around Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 maj 2007), represented by Senior Administrator Eric PILLOTON (10 kwiecien 2007)
Opis flagi the flag of Francja is used
Koordynaty geograficzne Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): 37 50 S, 77 32 E


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): 38 72 S, 77 53 E


Iles Crozet: 46 25 S, 51 00 E


Iles Kerguelen: 49 15 S, 69 35 E


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): 21 30 S, 39 50 E


Europa (wyspa) (Wyspy Rozproszone): 22 20 S, 40 22 E


Wyspy Glorioso (Wyspy Rozproszone): 11 30 S, 47 20 E


Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): 17 03 S, 42 45 E


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): 15 52 S, 54 25 E
Polozenie geograficzne islands component is widely scattered across remote locations w the southern Ocean Indyjski


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): the atoll is a circular reef that sits atop a long-extinct, submerged volcano


Europa (wyspa) and Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): wildlife sanctuary dla seabirds and sea turtles


Glorioso Island (Wyspy Rozproszone): the islands and rocks are surrounded by an extensive reef system


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): climatologically important location dla forecasting cyclones w the western Ocean Indyjski; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji UPU
Nawadniane tereny 0 sq km
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) - 100% trees, grasses, ferns, and moss; Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul) - 100% grass, ferns, and moss; Iles Crozet - 100% tossock grass, heath, and fern; Iles Kerguelen - 100% tossock grass and Kerguelen cabbage; Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone) - 100% rock, coral reef, and sand; Europa (wyspa) (Wyspy Rozproszone) - 100% mangrove swamp and dry woodlands; Wyspy Glorioso (Wyspy Rozproszone) - 100% lush vegetation and coconut palms; Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone) - 90% forest, 10% other; Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone) - 100% grasses and scattered brush (2005)
System prawny the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
Lokalizacja southeast and east of Africa, islands w the southern Ocean Indyjski, some near Madagaskar and others about equidistant between Africa, Antarktyda, and Australia; note - Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne include Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, and Wyspy Rozproszone w the southern Ocean Indyjski, along z the French-claimed sector of Antarktyda, "Adelie Land"; the US does not recognize the French claim to "Adelie Land"
Lokalizacja na mapie Antarctic Region, Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm from Iles Kerguelen and Wyspy Rozproszone (does not include the rest of Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne); Juan de Nova and Wyspa Tromelin claim a continental shelf of 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Francja
Naturalne zagrozenia Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are inactive volcanoes; Wyspy Rozproszone subject to periodic cyclones; Bassas da Indie is a maritime hazard since it is under water dla a period of three hours prior to and following the high tide and surrounded by reefs
Surowce naturalne fish, crayfish


note: Wyspy Glorioso and Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone) have guano, phosphates, and coconuts
Ludnosc no indigenous inhabitants


Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): has no permanent residents but has a meteorological station


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): is uninhabited but is frequently visited by fishermen and has a scientific research cabin dla short stays


Iles Crozet: are uninhabited except dla 18 to 30 people staffing the Alfred Faure research station on Ile del la Possession


Iles Kerguelen: 50 to 100 scientists are located at the main base at Port-aux-Francais on Ile Kerguelen


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): uninhabitable


Europa (wyspa), Wyspy Glorioso, Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): a small French military garrison and a few meteorologists on each possession; visited by scientists


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): uninhabited, except dla visits by scientists
Uksztaltowanie terenu Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): a volcanic island z steep coastal cliffs; the center floor of the volcano is a large plateau


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): triangular w shape, the island is the top of a volcano, rocky z steep cliffs on the eastern side; has active thermal springs


Iles Crozet: a large archipelago formed from the Crozet Plateau is divided into two groups of islands


Iles Kerguelen: the interior of the large island of Ile Kerguelen is composed of rugged terrain of high mountains, hills, valleys, and plains z a number of peninsulas stretching off its coasts


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): atoll, awash at high tide; shallow (15 m) lagoon


Europa (wyspa), Wyspy Glorioso, Juan de Nova: low, flat, and sandy


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): low, flat, sandy; likely volcanic seamount
Transport - uwagi aids to navigation - lighthouses: Europa (wyspa) 18m; Juan de Nova (W side) 37m; Wyspa Tromelin (NW point) 11m (all w the Wyspy Rozproszone district)
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