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Fidzi (2005)

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Fidzi 2005 roku

 Fidzi
Podzial administracyjny 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 31.4% (male 143,066/female 137,346)


15-64 years: 64.5% (male 288,434/female 287,720)


65 years and over: 4.1% (male 16,797/female 19,991) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
Lotniska 28 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 25


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 19 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 18,270 sq km


land: 18,270 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Fidzi became independent w 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups w 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indien community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British w the 19th century). A 1990 constitution favored native Melanesian control of Fidzi, but led to heavy Indien emigration; the population loss resulted w economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. Amendments enacted w 1997 made the constitution more equitable. Free and peaceful elections w 1999 resulted w a government led by an Indo-Fidzian, but a coup w maj 2000 ushered w a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held w sierpien 2001 provided Fidzi z a democratically elected government and gave a mandate to the government of Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 22.73 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $427.9 million


expenditures: $531.4 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Suva (Viti Levu)
Klimat tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 1,129 km
Konstytucja promulgated on 25 lipiec 1990; amended on 25 lipiec 1997 to allow nonethnic Fidzians greater say w government and to make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 lipiec 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands


conventional short form: Fidzi
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.65 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $188.1 million (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador David L. LYON


embassy: 31 Loftus Street, Suva


mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva


telephone: [679] 331-4466


FAX: [679] 330-0081
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Mr. Paula NAVUNISARAVI (Charge D'Affaires ad Interim)


chancery: 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 240, Washington, DC 20007


telephone: [1] (202) 337-8320


FAX: [1] (202) 337-1996
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $40.3 million (1995)
Ekonomia Fidzi, endowed z forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still z a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports and a growing tourist industry - z 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity, but is inefficient. Long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's ability to manage its budget. Yet short-run economic prospects are good, provided tensions do not again erupt between indigenous Fidzians and Indo-Fidzians. Overseas remittances from Fidzians working w Kuwejt and Irak have increased significantly.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 697.5 million kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2002)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 750 million kWh (2002)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fidzian 51% (predominantly Melanesian z a Polynesian admixture), Indien 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Kurs waluty Fidzian dollars per US dollar - 1.7331 (2004), 1.8958 (2003), 2.1869 (2002), 2.2766 (2001), 2.1286 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since 18 lipiec 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 wrzesien 2000)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament; note - there is also a Presidential Council that advises the president on matters of national importance and a Great Council of Chiefs, which consists of the highest ranking members of the traditional chief system


elections: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs dla a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA%
Eksport 0 kWh (2002)
Eksport $609 million f.o.b. (2002)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil
Eksport - partnerzy US 24%, Australia 19%, UK 12.6%, Samoa 6.5%, Japonia 4.1% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fidzian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 16.6%


industry: 22.4%


services: 61% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,900 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.6% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 00 S, 175 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited
Autostrady total: 3,440 km


paved: 1,692 km


unpaved: 1,748 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import 0 kWh (2002)
Import $835 million c.i.f. (2002)
Import NA
Import - towary manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 25.9%, Singapur 23.1%, Nowa Zelandia 21.1% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 10 pazdziernik 1970 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 12.62 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 13.97 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 11.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 1.6% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AsDB, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMISET, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; High Court; Magistrates' Courts
Sila robocza 137,000 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture, including subsistence agriculture 70% (2001 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.95%


permanent crops: 4.65%


other: 84.4% (2001)
Jezyki English (official), Fidzian, Hindustani
System prawny based on British system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (34 seats; 24 appointed by the President on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, nine appointed by the president, and one appointed by the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved dla ethnic Fidzians, 19 reserved dla ethnic Indiens, three reserved dla other ethnic groups, one reserved dla the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fidzi, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)


elections: House of Representatives - last held 25 sierpien through 1 wrzesien and 19 wrzesien 2001 (next to be held not later than wrzesien 2006)


election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - FLP 26.5%, SDL 27.5%, NFP 1.2%, MV 4.2%, NLUP 1.3%, UGP .3%, independents 1.4%; seats by party - FLP 27, SDL 32, MV 6, NFP 1, NLUP 2, UGP 1, independents 2
Zywotnosc total population: 69.53 years


male: 67.05 years


female: 72.14 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 93.7%


male: 95.5%


female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines


territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
Flota handlowa total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,372 GRT/7,453 DWT


by type: passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, roll on/roll off 2


foreign-owned: 1 (Australia 1) (2005)
Wojsko Republic of Fidzi Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Division (2005)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $36 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.2% (FY02)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, second Monday of pazdziernik (1970)
Narodowosc noun: Fidzian(s)


adjective: Fidzian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen
Surowce naturalne timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Bai Kei Viti Party or BKV [Ratu Tevita MOMOEDONU]; Conservative Alliance Party/Matanitu Vanua or MV [Ratu Rakuita VAKALALABURE]; Dodonu Ni Taukei Party or DNT [Fereti S. DEWA]; Fidzi Democratic Party or FDP [Felipe BOLE] (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance or VLV [Poesci Waqalevu BUNE], Fidzian Association Party or FAP [Adi Kuini SPEED], Fidzian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fidzian) [Felipe BOLE], and New Labor Unity Party or NLUP [Tupeni BABA]); Fidzi Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDRHRY]; General Voters Party or GVP [leader NA] (became part of United General Party); Girmit Heritage Party or GHP [leader NA]; Justice and Freedom Party or AIM [leader NA]; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR [leader NA]; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indien) [Pramond RAE]; Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party or NVTLP [Saula TELAWA]; Party of National Unity or PANU [Meli BOGILEKA]; Party of the Truth or POTT [leader NA]; United Fidzi Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United General Party or UGP [Millis Mick BEDDOES]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 893,354 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 25.5% (1990-91)
Przyrost naturalny 1.4% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Lambasa, Lautoka, Suva
Stacje radiowe AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 597 km


narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge


note: belongs to the government-owned Fidzi Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during harvest season (maj to grudzien) (2003)
Religie Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2%


note: Fidzians are mainly Christian, Indiens are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority (1986)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female


total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center


domestic: NA


international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Kanada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 102,000 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 109,900 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.75 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6% (1999)
Drogi wodne 203 km


note: 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges (2004)
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