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Fidzi (2002)

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FidziFidzi (2001) (porownaj)
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Fidzi 2002 roku

Podzial administracyjny 4 divisions and 1 dependency*; Central, Eastern, Northern, Rotuma*, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 32.5% (male 141,757; female 136,198)

15-64 years: 63.8% (male 273,658; female 273,100)

65 years and over: 3.7% (male 14,648; female 16,985) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish
Lotniska 27 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 24

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 6

under 914 m: 18 (2002)
Terytorium total: 18,270 sq km

land: 18,270 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Fidzi became independent w 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups w 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indien community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British w the 19th century). A 1990 constitution favored native Melanesian control of Fidzi, but led to heavy Indien emigration; the population loss resulted w economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. Amendments enacted w 1997 made the constitution more equitable. Free and peaceful elections w 1999 resulted w a government led by an Indo-Fidzian, but a coup w maj of 2000 ushered w a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held w sierpien 2001 provided Fidzi z a democratically elected government and gave a mandate to the government of Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 23.2 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $427.9 million

expenditures: $531.4 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Suva
Klimat tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 1,129 km
Konstytucja promulgated on 25 lipiec 1990 and amended on 25 lipiec 1997 to allow nonethnic Fidzians greater say w government and to make multiparty government mandatory; entered into force 28 lipiec 1998; note - the maj 1999 election was the first test of the amended constitution and introduced open voting - not racially prescribed - dla the first time at the national level
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Fidzi Islands

conventional short form: Fidzi
Waluta Fidzian dollar (FJD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.72 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $162.7 million (1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador David L. LYON

embassy: 31 Loftus Street, Suva

mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva

telephone: [679] 314466

FAX: [679] 300081
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Anare JALE

chancery: 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 240, Washington, DC 20007

telephone: [1] (202) 337-8320

FAX: [1] (202) 337-1996
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $40.3 million (1995) (1995)
Ekonomia Fidzi, endowed z forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though still z a large subsistence sector. Sugar exports and a growing tourist industry - z 300,000 to 400,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. Sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity. Long-term problems include low investment and uncertain property rights. The political turmoil w Fidzi has had a severe impact z the economy shrinking by 2.8% w 2000 and growing by only 1% w 2001. The Fidzi Visitor's Bureau expects visitor arrivals to reach pre-coup levels during 2002. The government's ability to manage its budget - which is expected to run a net deficit of 6% w 2002 - will depend upon a return of political stability and investor confidence.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 478.95 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 515 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 18%

hydro: 82%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Fidzian 51% (predominantly Melanesian z a Polynesian admixture), Indien 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Kurs waluty Fidzian dollars per US dollar - 2.2934 (styczen 2002), 2.2766 (2001), 2.1286 (2000), 1.9696 (1999), 1.9868 (1998), 1.4437 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda (since NA 2000); Vice President Jope SENILOLI (since NA 2000)

head of government: Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 wrzesien 2000); Deputy Prime Minister Ratu Epeli NAILATIKAU (since NA 2000)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament; note - there is also a Presidential Council that advises the president on matters of national importance and a Great Council of Chiefs which consists of the highest ranking members of the traditional chief system

elections: president elected by the Great Council of Chiefs dla a five-year term; prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU Uluivuda elected president by the Great Council of Chiefs; percent of vote - NA%
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $572 million f.o.b. (2000)
Eksport - towary sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 24.9%, US 20.8%, UK 14.4%, Japonia 5.1%, other Pacific island countries 5.0%, NZ 3.6% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi light blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fidzian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield depicts a yellow lion above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George featuring stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, bananas, and a white dove
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $4.4 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 17%

industry: 25%

services: 58% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,200 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 00 S, 175 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited
Autostrady total: 3,440 km

paved: 1,692 km

unpaved: 1,748 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $833 million c.i.f. (2000)
Import - towary manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 46.2%, NZ 13.1%, Singapur 6.6%, Japonia 4.5%, Hong Kong 3.8%, US 3.2%, Tajwan 3.0% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 10 pazdziernik 1970 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 13.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2000 est.)
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; High Court; Magistrates' Courts
Sila robocza 137,000 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture, including subsistence agriculture 70% (2001 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.95%

permanent crops: 4.65%

other: 84.4% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English (official), Fidzian, Hindustani
System prawny based on British system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (34 seats; 24 appointed by the Great Council of Chiefs, nine appointed by the president, and one appointed by the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved dla ethnic Fidzians, 19 reserved dla ethnic Indiens, three reserved dla other ethnic groups, one reserved dla the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fidzi, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held 25 sierpien, 2 wrzesien, 19 wrzesien 2001 (next to be held NA wrzesien 2006)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - FLP 34.8%, SDL 26%, NFP 10.1%, MV 9.9%, independents 2.7%, other 16.5%; seats by party - SDL 32, FLP 27, MV 6, NFP 1, independents 2, other 3
Zywotnosc total population: 68.56 years

male: 66.13 years

female: 71.11 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 92.5%

male: 90%

female: 95% (1999 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, island group w the South Ocean Spokojny, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to Nowa Zelandia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 6 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,870 GRT/14,787 DWT

ships by type: chemical tanker 2, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1, includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, Singapur 4
(2002 est.)
Wojsko Republic of Fidzi Military Forces (RFMF), includes ground forces, naval division
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $35 million (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.2% (FY00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 231,649 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 127,384 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 9,471 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, second Monday of pazdziernik (1970)
Narodowosc noun: Fidzian(s)

adjective: Fidzian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclonic storms can occur from listopad to styczen
Surowce naturalne timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Bai Kei Viti Party or BKV [Ratu Tevita MOMOEDONU]; Christian Democrat Alliance or VLV [leader NA]; Conservative Alliance Party/Matanitu Vanua or MV [Ratu Rakuita VAKALALABURE]; Dodonu Ni Taukei Party or DNT [leader NA]; Fidzi Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDRHRY]; Fidzian Association Party of FAP [Adi Kuini SPEED]; Fidzian Political Party or SVT (primarily Fidzian) [Felipe BOLE]; General Voters Party or GHP [leader NA]; Girmit Heritage Party or GHP [leader NA]; Justice and Freedom Party or AIM [leader NA]; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party or LFR [leader NA]; National Federation Party or NFP (primarily Indien) [Attar SINGH]; Nationalist Vanua Tako Lavo Party or NVTLP [Samisoni BOLATAGICI]; New Labor Unity Party or NLUP [Tupeni BABA]; Party of National Unity or PANU [leader NA]; Party of the Truth or POTT [leader NA]; United Fidzi Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua or SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United General Party or UGP [Mick BEDDOES]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 856,346 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 26% (1990-91 )
Przyrost naturalny 1.41% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Lambasa, Lautoka, Levuka, Malau, Savusavu, Suva, Vuda
Stacje radiowe AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radia 541,476 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 597 km

narrow gauge: 597 km 0.610-m gauge

note: belongs to the government-owned Fidzi Sugar Corporation (1995)
Religie Christian 52% (Methodist 37%, Roman Catholic 9%), Hindu 38%, Muslim 8%, other 2%

note: Fidzians are mainly Christian, Indiens are Hindu, and there is a Muslim minority (1986)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center

domestic: NA

international: access to important cable links between US and Kanada as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 80,901 (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 5,200 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.83 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6% (1999)
Drogi wodne 203 km

note: 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges
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