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Equatorial Guinea (2004)

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Equatorial Guinea 2004 year

 Equatorial Guinea
Administrative divisions 7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas
Age structure 0-14 years: 42% (male 110,268; female 109,222)

15-64 years: 54.3% (male 136,370; female 147,431)

65 years and over: 3.8% (male 8,745; female 11,015) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
Airports 3 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

less than 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 28,051 sq km

land: 28,051 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland
Background Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. This tiny country, composed of a mainland portion plus five inhabited islands, is one of the smallest on the African continent. President OBIANG NGUEM MBASOGO has ruled the country for over two decades since seizing power from his uncle, then President MACIAS, in a 1979 coup. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 and 2002 presidential elections - as well as the 1999 legislative elections - were widely seen as being flawed. The president controls most opposition parties through the judicious use of patronage. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, there have been few improvements in the country's living standards.
Birth rate 36.56 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $708.5 million

expenditures: $317.6 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Capital Malabo
Climate tropical; always hot, humid
Coastline 296 km
Constitution approved by national referendum 17 November 1991; amended January 1995
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Equatorial Guinea

conventional short form: Equatorial Guinea

local long form: Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial

local short form: Guinea Ecuatorial

former: Spanish Guinea
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Death rate 12.27 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $248 million (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Equatorial Guinea (embassy closed September 1995); the US ambassador to Cameroon is accredited to Equatorial Guinea; the US State Department is considering opening a Consulate Agency in Malabo
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Teodoro Biyogo NSUE

chancery: 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 518-5700

FAX: [1] (202) 518-5252
Disputes - international in 2002, ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but a dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River, imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision, and the unresolved Bakasi allocation contribute to the delay in implementation; creation of a maritime boundary in hydrocarbon-rich Corisco Bay with Gabon is hampered by dispute over Mbane Island, administered and occupied by Gabon since the 1970s
Economic aid - recipient $33.8 million (1995)
Economy - overview The discovery and exploitation of large oil reserves have contributed to dramatic economic growth in recent years. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. Subsistence farming predominates. Although pre-independence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings, the neglect of the rural economy under successive regimes has diminished potential for agriculture-led growth (the government has stated its intention to reinvest some oil revenue into agriculture). A number of aid programs sponsored by the World Bank and the IMF have been cut off since 1993 because of corruption and mismanagement. No longer eligible for concessional financing because of large oil revenues, the government has been unsuccessfully trying to agree on a "shadow" fiscal management program with the World Bank and IMF. Businesses, for the most part, are owned by government officials and their family members. Undeveloped natural resources include titanium, iron ore, manganese, uranium, and alluvial gold. Growth will remain strong in 2004, led by oil.
Electricity - consumption 21.91 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 23.56 million kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m
Environment - current issues tap water is not potable; deforestation
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Bioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
Exchange rates Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 581.2 (2003), 696.988 (2002), 733.039 (2001), 711.976 (2000), 615.699 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup)

head of government: Prime Minister Miguel Abia BITEO BORICO (since 14 June 2004); First Deputy Prime Minister Miguel OYONO NDONG (since NA January 1998); Deputy Prime Minister Demetrio Elo NDONG NZE FUMU (since NA January 1998)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 15 December 2002 (next to be held NA December 2009); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president

election results: Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected president; percent of vote - Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO 97.1%, Celestino Bonifacio BACALE 2.2%; elections marred by widespread fraud
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $2.1 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities petroleum, methanol, timber, cocoa
Exports - partners US 33.6%, Spain 25.8%, China 14.4%, Canada 11.8%, Italy 6.4% (2003)
Fiscal year 1 January - 31 December
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice)
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.27 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 20%

industry: 60%

services: 2.4% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,700 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 20% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 2 00 N, 10 00 E
Geography - note insular and continental regions rather widely separated
Highways total: 2,880 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $1.371 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities petroleum sector equipment, other equipment
Imports - partners US 30.6%, UK 16%, France 15.1%, Cote d'Ivoire 11.9%, Spain 8.1%, Norway 5.9%, Italy 5.3% (2003)
Independence 12 October 1968 (from Spain)
Industrial production growth rate 30% (2002 est.)
Industries petroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
Infant mortality rate total: 87.08 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 93.27 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 80.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO (observer)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Tribunal
Labor force NA (October 2000)
Land boundaries total: 539 km

border countries: Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km
Land use arable land: 4.63%

permanent crops: 3.57%

other: 91.8% (2001)
Languages Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
Legal system partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom
Legislative branch unicameral House of People's Representatives or Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (80 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held 24 April 2004)

election results: percent of vote by party - PDGE 80%, UP 6%, CPDS 5%; seats by party - PDGE 75, UP 4 and CPDS 1

note: Parliament has little power since the constitution vests all executive authority in the president
Life expectancy at birth total population: 55.15 years

male: 53 years

female: 57.36 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 85.7%

male: 93.3%

female: 78.4% (2003 est.)
Location Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Map references Africa
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 6,556 GRT/9,704 DWT

by type: cargo 2, passenger/cargo 1

registered in other countries: 1 (2004 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Rapid Intervention Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $75.1 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 2.5% (2003)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 120,463 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 61,084 (2004 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 12 October (1968)
Nationality noun: Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)

adjective: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean
Natural hazards violent windstorms, flash floods
Natural resources oil, petroleum, timber, small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, uranium, titanium, iron ore
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Pipelines condensate 37 km; gas 39 km; liquid natural gas 4 km; oil 24 km (2004)
Political parties and leaders Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Placido MIKO Abogo]; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE (ruling party) [Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO]; Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO]; Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Miguel Esono EMAN]; Popular Union or UP [Andres Moises Bda ADA]; Progressive Democratic Alliance or ADP [Victorino Bolekia BONAY]; Union of Independent Democrats of UDI [Daniel OYONO]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 523,051 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 2.43% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Bata, Luba, Malabo
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 5 (2002)
Religions nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal adult
Telephone system general assessment: poor system with adequate government services

domestic: NA

international: country code - 240; international communications from Bata and Malabo to African and European countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 9,600 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 41,500 (2003)
Television broadcast stations 1 (2002)
Terrain coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
Total fertility rate 4.68 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 30% (1998 est.)
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