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Equatorial Guinea (2001)

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Equatorial Guinea 2001 year

 Equatorial Guinea
Administrative divisions 7 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Annobon, Bioko Norte, Bioko Sur, Centro Sur, Kie-Ntem, Litoral, Wele-Nzas
Age structure 0-14 years:
42.56% (male 103,909; female 102,946)

15-64 years:
53.68% (male 124,808; female 136,088)

65 years and over:
3.76% (male 8,178; female 10,131) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
Airports 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
28,051 sq km

28,051 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland
Background Composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands, Equatorial Guinea has been ruled by ruthless leaders who have badly mismanaged the economy since independence from 190 years of Spanish rule in 1968. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991, the 1996 presidential and 1999 legislative elections were widely seen as being flawed.
Birth rate 37.72 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$47 million

$43 million, including capital expenditures of $7 million (1996 est.)
Capital Malabo
Climate tropical; always hot, humid
Coastline 296 km
Constitution approved by national referendum 17 November 1991; amended January 1995
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Equatorial Guinea

conventional short form:
Equatorial Guinea

local long form:
Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial

local short form:
Guinea Ecuatorial

Spanish Guinea
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Death rate 13.11 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $290 million (1999 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador John M. YATES; note - the US does not have an embassy in Equatorial Guinea (embassy closed September 1995); US relations with Equatorial Guinea are handled through the US Embassy in Yaounde, Cameroon; the US State Department is considering opening a Consulate Agency in Malabo
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Teodoro BIYOGO NSUEA

2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

[1] (202) 518-5700

[1] (202) 528-5252
Disputes - international tripartite maritime boundary and economic zone dispute with Cameroon and Nigeria is currently before the ICJ; maritime boundary dispute with Gabon because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay
Economic aid - recipient $33.8 million (1995)
Economy - overview The discovery and exploitation of large oil reserves have contributed to dramatic economic growth in recent years. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. Subsistence farming predominates. Although pre-independence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings, the deterioration of the rural economy under successive brutal regimes has diminished potential for agriculture-led growth. A number of aid programs sponsored by the World Bank and the IMF have been cut off since 1993 because of the government's gross corruption and mismanagement. Businesses, for the most part, are owned by government officials and their family members. Undeveloped natural resources include titanium, iron ore, manganese, uranium, and alluvial gold. The country responded favorably to the devaluation of the CFA franc in January 1994. Boosts in production and high world oil prices stimulated growth in 2000, with oil accounting for 90% of greatly increased exports.
Electricity - consumption 19.5 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 21 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Pico Basile 3,008 m
Environment - current issues tap water is not potable; desertification
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Bioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
Exchange rates Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 699.21 (January 2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997), 511.55 (1996); note - from 1 January 1999, the XAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF per euro
Executive branch chief of state:
President Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO (since 3 August 1979 when he seized power in a military coup)

head of government:
Prime Minister Candido Muatetema RIVAS (since 26 February 2001); First Deputy Prime Minister Miguel OYONO NDONG (since NA January 1998); Deputy Prime Minister Demetrio Elo NDONG NZE FUMU (since NA January 1998)

Council of Ministers appointed by the president

president elected by popular vote to a seven-year term; election last held 25 February 1996 (next to be held NA February 2003); prime minister and vice prime ministers appointed by the president

election results:
President Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO reelected with 98% of popular vote in elections marred by widespread fraud
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $860 million (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Exports - commodities petroleum, timber, cocoa
Exports - partners US 62%, Spain 17%, China 9%, France 3%, Japan 3%, (1997)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice)
GDP purchasing power parity - $960 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


20% (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 12% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 2 00 N, 10 00 E
Geography - note insular and continental regions rather widely separated
Highways total:
2,880 km

0 km

2,880 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $300 million (f.o.b., 1999)
Imports - commodities manufactured goods and equipment
Imports - partners US 35%, France 15%, Spain 10%, Cameroon 10%, UK 6% (1997)
Independence 12 October 1968 (from Spain)
Industrial production growth rate 7.4% (1994 est.)
Industries petroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
Infant mortality rate 92.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6% (1999 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CEEAC, CEMAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OAU, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Tribunal
Labor force NA
Land boundaries total:
539 km

border countries:
Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

41% (1993 est.)
Languages Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
Legal system partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom
Legislative branch unicameral House of People's Representatives or Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (80 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held 7 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
percent of vote by party - PDGE 80%, UP 6%, CPDS 5%; seats by party - PDGE 75, UP 4 and CPDS 1

opposition parties have refused to take up their seats in the House to protest widespread irregularities in the 1999 legislative elections
Life expectancy at birth total population:
53.95 years

51.89 years

56.07 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


68.1% (1995 est.)
Location Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon
Map references Africa
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
12 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 26,035 GRT/27,927 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 1, cargo 7, combination bulk 1, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Rapid Intervention Force, National Police
Military expenditures - dollar figure $3 million (FY97/98)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.6% (FY97/98)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
108,973 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
55,347 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 12 October (1968)
Nationality noun:
Equatorial Guinean(s) or Equatoguinean(s)

Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean
Natural hazards violent windstorms, flash floods
Natural resources oil, petroleum, timber, small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, uranium
Net migration rate NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Placido Miko ABOGO]; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE (ruling party) [Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO]; Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO]; Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Miguel Esono EMAN]; Popular Union or UP [Andres Moises Bda ADA]; Progressive Democratic Alliance or ADP [Victorino Bolekia BONAY, mayor of Malabo]; Union of Independent Democrats of UDI [Daniel OYONO]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 486,060 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.46% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Bata, Luba, Malabo
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 2, shortwave 4 (1998)
Radios 180,000 (1997)
Railways total:
0 km
Religions nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
Sex ratio at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.81 male(s)/female

total population:
0.95 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal adult
Telephone system general assessment:
poor system with adequate government services


international communications from Bata and Malabo to African and European countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 4,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
Total fertility rate 4.88 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 30% (1998 est.)
Waterways none
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