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Cook Islands (2001)

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Cook Islands 2001 year

 Cook Islands
Administrative divisions none
Age structure 0-14 years:

15-64 years:

65 years and over:
Agriculture - products copra, citrus, pineapples, tomatoes, beans, pawpaws, bananas, yams, taro, coffee; pigs, poultry
Airports 7 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Area total:
240 sq km

240 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative 1.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Named after Captain Cook, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965 residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.
Budget revenues:
$25 million

$23 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY 99/00)
Capital Avarua
Climate tropical; moderated by trade winds
Coastline 120 km
Constitution 4 August 1965
Country name conventional long form:

conventional short form:
Cook Islands

Harvey Islands
Currency New Zealand dollar (NZD)
Debt - external $141 million (1996 est.)
Dependency status self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands is fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs, in consultation with the Cook Islands
Diplomatic representation from the US none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $13.1 million (1995); note - New Zealand continues to furnish the greater part
Economy - overview Like many other South Pacific island nations, the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets, the limited size of domestic markets, lack of natural resources, periodic devastation from natural disasters, and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing, clothing, and handicrafts. Trade deficits are made up for by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid, overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country lived beyond its means, maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms, including the sale of state assets, the strengthening of economic management, the encouragement of tourism, and a debt restructuring agreement, have rekindled investment and growth.
Electricity - consumption 19.5 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 21 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Te Manga 652 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea

signed, but not ratified:
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups Polynesian (full blood) 81.3%, Polynesian and European 7.7%, Polynesian and non-European 7.7%, European 2.4%, other 0.9%
Exchange rates New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.2502 (January 2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886 (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997), 1.4543 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Apenera SHORT (since NA); New Zealand High Commissioner Jon JONESSEN (since NA January 1998), representative of New Zealand

head of government:
Prime Minister Dr. Terepai MAOATE (since 18 November 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Norman GEORGE (since NA)

Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament

none; the monarch is hereditary; the UK representative is appointed by the monarch; the New Zealand high commissioner is appointed by the New Zealand Government; following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins the most seats usually becomes prime minister

ten years of rule by the Cook Islands Party (CIP) came to an end 18 November 1999 with the resignation of Prime Minister Joe WILLIAMS; WILLIAMS had led a minority government since October 1999 when the New Alliance Party (NAP) left the government coalition and joined the main opposition Democratic Alliance Party (DAP); on 18 November 1999, DAP leader Dr. Terepai MAOATE was sworn in as prime minister
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $3 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
Exports - commodities copra, papayas, fresh and canned citrus fruit, coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing
Exports - partners Japan 42%, New Zealand 25%, US 9%, Australia 9% (1999)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large circle of 15 white five-pointed stars (one for every island) centered in the outer half of the flag
GDP purchasing power parity - $100 million (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


73% (1995)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,000 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 21 14 S, 159 46 W
Highways total:
320 km (1992)


Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $85 million (c.i.f., 1994)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber, capital goods
Imports - partners NZ 70%, Australia 8% (1999)
Independence none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries fruit processing, tourism, fishing
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.6% (1999 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, ESCAP (associate), FAO, ICAO, ICFTU, IFAD, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 3 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch High Court
Labor force 6,601 (1993)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 29%, industry 15%, services 56% (1995) note - shortage of skilled labor
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

78% (1993 est.)
Languages English (official), Maori
Legal system based on New Zealand law and English common law
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament (25 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

last held NA June 1999 (next to be held by NA 2004)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CIP 12, DAP 12, NAP 1

the House of Ariki (chiefs) advises on traditional matters, but has no legislative powers
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims continental shelf:
200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,310 GRT/2,181 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 1 (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of New Zealand, in consultation with the Cook Islands and at its request
National holiday Constitution Day, first Monday in August (1965)
Nationality noun:
Cook Islander(s)

Cook Islander
Natural hazards typhoons (November to March)
Natural resources NEGL
Political parties and leaders Cook Islands People's Party or CIP [Tai CARPENTER]; Democratic Alliance Party or DAP [Terepai MAOATE]; New Alliance Party or NAP [Norman GEORGE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 20,611 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Ports and harbors Avarua, Avatiu
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 14,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Christian (majority of populace are members of the Cook Islands Christian Church)
Suffrage NA years of age; universal adult
Telephone system general assessment:

the individual islands are connected by a combination of satellite earth stations, microwave systems, and VHF and HF radiotelephone; within the islands, service is provided by small exchanges connected to subscribers by open wire, cable, and fiber-optic cable

satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 5,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 2 (plus eight low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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