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Cocos (Keeling) Islands (2001)

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Cocos (Keeling) Islands 2001 year

 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years:

15-64 years:

65 years and over:
Agriculture - products vegetables, bananas, pawpaws, coconuts
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
14 sq km

14 sq km

0 sq km

includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
Area - comparative about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background The islands were discovered in 1609, but remained uninhabited until the 19th century. Annexed by the UK in 1857, they were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands is split between the mostly Europeans on West Island and the Malays on Home Island.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues:

$NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Capital West Island
Climate pleasant, modified by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year; moderate rainfall
Coastline 2.6 km
Constitution Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955
Country name conventional long form:
Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands

conventional short form:
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Department of the Environment, Sport, and Territories
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Grown throughout the islands, coconuts are the sole cash crop. Copra and fresh coconuts are the major export earners. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply, but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location 5 m
Environment - current issues fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs
Ethnic groups Europeans, Cocos Malays
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997), 1.2773 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general

head of government:
Administrator (non-resident) William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)


none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities copra
Exports - partners Australia
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description the flag of Australia is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 12 30 S, 96 50 E
Geography - note two coral atolls thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation
Highways total:
15 km

NA km

NA km (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities foodstuffs
Imports - partners Australia
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries copra products and tourism
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

100% (1993 est.)
Languages English, Malay
Legal system based upon the laws of Australia and local laws
Legislative branch unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council (NA seats)
Life expectancy at birth total population:
NA years

NA years

NA years
Location Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia, about one-half of the way from Australia to Sri Lanka
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
3 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday NA
Nationality noun:
Cocos Islander(s)

Cocos Islander
Natural hazards cyclones may occur in the early months of the year
Natural resources fish
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 633 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.21% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors none; lagoon anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 300 (1992)
Railways 0 km
Religions Sunni Muslim 57%, Christian 22%, other 21% (1981 est.)
Suffrage NA
Telephone system general assessment:


telephone, telex, and facsimile communications with Australia and elsewhere via satellite; 1 satellite earth station of NA type
Telephones - main lines in use NA (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1999)
Television broadcast stations 0 (1997)
Terrain flat, low-lying coral atolls
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Waterways none
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