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Christmas Island (2004)

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Christmas Island 2004 year

 Christmas Island
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years: NA

15-64 years: NA

65 years and over: NA (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products NA
Airports 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 135 sq km

land: 135 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
Background Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: NA

expenditures: NA, including capital expenditures of NA
Capital The Settlement
Climate tropical with a wet and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds; wet season December to April
Coastline 80 km
Constitution NA
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island

conventional short form: Christmas Island
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; administered by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine. In 1991, the mine was reopened. With the support of the government, a $34 million casino opened in 1993. The casino closed in 1998. The Australian Government in 2001 agreed to support the creation of a commercial space-launching site on the island, projected to begin operations in mid-2004
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: Murray Hill 361 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%

note: no indigenous population (2001)
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.5419 (2003), 1.9354 (2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173(2000), 1.5497 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general

head of government: Administrator Evan WILLIAMS (since 1 November 2003)

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports NA
Exports - commodities phosphate
Exports - partners Australia, NZ
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description the flag of Australia is used; note - in early 1986, the Christmas Island Assembly held a design competition for an island flag, however, the winning design has never been formally adopted as the official flag of the territory
GDP purchasing power parity - NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA

industry: NA

services: NA
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - NA
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 10 30 S, 105 40 E
Geography - note located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean
Highways total: 240 km

paved: 30 km

unpaved: 210 km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports NA
Imports - commodities consumer goods
Imports - partners principally Australia
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Infant mortality rate total: NA

male: NA

female: NA (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA
International organization participation none
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; District Court; Magistrate's Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100%

note: mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a national park (2001)
Languages English (official), Chinese, Malay
Legal system under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law
Legislative branch unicameral Christmas Island Shire Council (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: held every two years with half the members standing for election; last held 3 May 2003 (next to be held NA 2005)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 9
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA years

male: NA years

female: NA years (2004 est.)
Literacy NA
Location Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday Australia Day, 26 January (1788)
Nationality noun: Christmas Islander(s)

adjective: Christmas Island
Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Natural resources phosphate, beaches
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
People - note The Australian Bureau of Statistics reports a population of 1508 as of the 2001 Census
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 396 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate -9% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Flying Fish Cove
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian 18%, other 21% (1997)
Sex ratio NA (2004 est.)
Telephone system general assessment: service provided by the Australian network

domestic: only analog mobile telephone service is available

international: country code - 61-891; satellite earth stations - one Intelsat earth station provides telephone and telex service (2000)
Telephones - main lines in use NA
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate NA
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