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Christmas Island (2001)

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Christmas Island 2001 year

 Christmas Island
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years:

15-64 years:

65 years and over:
Agriculture - products NA
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
135 sq km

135 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. The phosphate mine, closed in 1987, was reopened four years later, but the need for an alternative industry has spurred investment in tourism. Old mining areas are being restored, and almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues:

$NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Capital The Settlement
Climate tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
Coastline 138.9 km
Constitution Christmas Island Act of 1958
Country name conventional long form:
Territory of Christmas Island

conventional short form:
Christmas Island
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Department of the Environment, Sport, and Territories
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine. In 1991, the mine was reopened by union workers. With the support of the government, Australian-based Casinos Austria International Ltd. built a $34 million casino on Christmas Island, which opened in 1993. As of yearend 1999, gaming facilities at the casino were temporarily closed but were expected to reopen in early 2000. Another economic prospect is the possible location of a space-launching site on the island.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Murray Hill 361 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Chinese 61%, Malay 25%, European 11%, other 3%, no indigenous population
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997), 1.2773 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general

head of government:
Administrator William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)

none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities phosphate
Exports - partners Australia, NZ
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description the flag of Australia is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 10 30 S, 105 40 E
Geography - note located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean
Highways total:
140 km (not including 100 km that is maintained by private industry)

30 km

110 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities consumer goods
Imports - partners principally Australia
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; District Court; Magistrate's Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation tourism 400 people, mining 100 people (1995)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:


mainly tropical rainforest of which 60%-70% is in a national park
Languages English, Chinese, Malay
Legal system under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law
Legislative branch unicameral Christmas Island Shire Council (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve one-year terms)

last held NA December 2000 (next to be held NA December 2001)

election results:
percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9
Life expectancy at birth total population:
NA years

NA years

NA years
Location Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
12 NM

exclusive fishing zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
3 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday NA
Nationality noun:
Christmas Islander(s)

Christmas Island
Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Natural resources phosphate
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 2,771 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 7.77% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Flying Fish Cove
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 1,000 (1997)
Railways 24 km to serve phosphate mines
Religions Buddhist 55%, Christian 15%, Muslim 10%, other 20% (1991)
Telephone system general assessment:


satellite earth stations - one Intelsat earth station provides telephone and telex service
Telephones - main lines in use NA
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1999)
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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