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Chorwacja (2008)

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Chorwacja 2008 roku

 Chorwacja
Podzial administracyjny 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija - singular) and 1 city* (grad - singular); Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska Zupanija, Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija, Istarska Zupanija, Karlovacka Zupanija, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka Zupanija, Krapinsko-Zagorska Zupanija, Licko-Senjska Zupanija, Medimurska Zupanija, Osjecko-Baranjska Zupanija, Pozesko-Slavonska Zupanija, Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija, Sibensko-Kninska Zupanija, Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija, Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija, Varazdinska Zupanija, Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija, Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija, Zadarska Zupanija, Zagreb*, Zagrebacka Zupanija
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 16% (male 368,639/female 349,703)


15-64 years: 67.1% (male 1,499,354/female 1,515,932)


65 years and over: 16.9% (male 292,526/female 467,158) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Lotniska 68 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 23


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 6


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 9 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 45


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 37 (2007)
Terytorium total: 56,542 sq km


land: 56,414 sq km


water: 128 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne The lands that today comprise Chorwacja were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of Swiat War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Jugoslawia. Following Swiat War II, Jugoslawia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Chorwacja declared its independence from Jugoslawia w 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Chorwacjan lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave w eastern Slavonia was returned to Chorwacja w 1998.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 9.63 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $22.46 billion


expenditures: $23.85 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Zagreb


geographic coordinates: 45 48 N, 16 00 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant z hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Linia brzegowa 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Konstytucja adopted on 22 grudzien 1990; revised 2000, 2001
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Chorwacja


conventional short form: Chorwacja


local long form: Republika Hrvatska


local short form: Hrvatska


former: People's Republic of Chorwacja, Socialist Republic of Chorwacja
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.57 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $41.56 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert A. BRADTKE


embassy: 2 Thomas Jefferson Street, 10010 Zagreb


mailing address: use street address


telephone: [385] (1) 661-2200


FAX: [385] (1) 661-2373
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Marijan GUBIC


chancery: 2343 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 588-5899


FAX: [1] (202) 588-8936


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje dispute remains z Bosnia i Hercegowina over several small disputed sections of the boundary related to maritime access that hinders ratification of the 1999 border agreement; the Chorwacja-Slowenia land and maritime boundary agreement, which would have ceded most of Pirin Bay and maritime access to Slowenia and several villages to Chorwacja, remains un-ratified and w dispute; Slowenia also protests Chorwacja's 2003 claim to an exclusive economic zone w the Adriatic; as a Unia Europejska peripheral state, neighboring Slowenia must conform to the strict Schengen border rules to curb illegal migration and commerce through southeastern Europe while encouraging close cross-border ties z Chorwacja
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $125.4 million (2005)
Ekonomia Once one of the wealthiest of the Yugoslav republics, Chorwacja's economy suffered badly during the 1991-95 war as output collapsed and the country missed the early waves of investment w Central and Eastern Europe that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall. Since 2000, however, Chorwacja's economic fortunes have begun to improve slowly, z moderate but steady Produkt krajowy brutto growth between 4% and 6% led by a rebound w tourism and credit-driven consumer spending. Inflation over the same period has remained tame and the currency, the kuna, stable. Nevertheless, difficult problems still remain, including a stubbornly high unemployment rate, a growing trade deficit and uneven regional development. The state retains a large role w the economy, as privatization efforts often meet stiff public and political resistance. While macroeconomic stabilization has largely been achieved, structural reforms lag because of deep resistance on the part of the public and lack of strong support from politicians. The EU accession process should accelerate fiscal and structural reform.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 14.97 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.634 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 8.746 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 11.99 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m


highest point: Dinara 1,830 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
Kurs waluty kuna per US dollar - 5.3735 (2007), 5.8625 (2006), 5.9473 (2005), 6.0358 (2004), 6.7035 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 luty 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Ivo SANADER (since 9 grudzien 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers Jadranka KOSOR (since 23 grudzien 2003) and Damir POLANCEC (since 15 luty 2005), Djurdja ADLESIC (since 12 styczen 2008), Slobodan UZELAC (since 12 styczen 2008)


cabinet: Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the parliamentary Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 16 styczen 2005 (next to be held w styczen 2010); the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president and then approved by the Assembly


election results: Stjepan MESIC reelected president; percent of vote - Stjepan MESIC 66%, Jadranka KOSOR 34% w the second round
Eksport 3.634 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $12.11 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 40,930 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Eksport - partnerzy Wlochy 23.1%, Bosnia i Hercegowina 12.7%, Niemcy 10.4%, Slowenia 8.3%, Austria 6.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue superimposed by the Chorwacjan coat of arms (red and white checkered)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 7.2%


industry: 32%


services: 60.7% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 45 10 N, 15 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits; the vast majority of Adriatic Sea islands lie off the coast of Chorwacja - some 1,200 islands, islets, ridges, and rocks
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.4%


highest 10%: 24.5% (2003 est.)
Narkotyki transit point along the Balkan route dla Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point dla maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound dla Western Europe
Import 8.746 billion kWh (2005)
Import $25.78 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 1.103 billion cu m (2005)
Import 109,800 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Wlochy 16.7%, Niemcy 14.5%, Rosja 9.7%, Slowenia 6.8%, Austria 5.4%, Chiny 5.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 25 czerwiec 1991 (from Jugoslawia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.2% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SECI, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMOGIP, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 110 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Konstytucjaal Court; judges dla both courts appointed dla eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the Assembly
Sila robocza 1.714 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 2.7%


industry: 32.8%


services: 64.5% (2004)
Granica total: 2,197 km


border countries: Bosnia i Hercegowina 932 km, Wegry 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Czarnogora 25 km, Slowenia 670 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 25.82%


permanent crops: 2.19%


other: 71.99% (2005)
Jezyki Chorwacjan 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)
System prawny based on Austro-Hungarian law system z Communist law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Assembly or Sabor (153 seats; members elected from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 25 listopad 2007 (next to be held w listopad 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; number of seats by party - HDZ 66, SDP 56, HNS 7, HSS 6, HDSSB 3, IDS 3, SDSS 3, other 9
Zywotnosc total population: 74.9 years


male: 71.26 years


female: 78.75 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 98.1%


male: 99.3%


female: 97.1% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia i Hercegowina and Slowenia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 75 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,165,409 GRT/1,867,160 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 21, cargo 12, chemical tanker 3, passenger/cargo 28, petroleum tanker 7, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 3


foreign-owned: 2 (Bermudy 2)


registered w other countries: 36 (Bahamas 1, Belize 1, Liberia 5, Malta 12, Wyspy Marshalla 4, Panama 6, St Vincent and The Grenadines 7) (2007)
Wojsko Armed Forces of the Republic of Chorwacja (Oruzane Snage Republike Hrvatske, OSRH), consists of five major commands directly subordinate to a General Staff: Ground Forces (Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska, HKoV), Naval Forces (Hrvatska Ratna Mornarica, HRM), Air Force, Joint Education and Training Command, Logistics Command; Military Police Force supports each of the three Chorwacjan military forces (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.39% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 8 pazdziernik (1991); note - 25 czerwiec 1991 was the day the Chorwacjan Parliament voted dla independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, Parliament adopted a decision on 8 pazdziernik 1991 to sever constitutional relations z Jugoslawia
Narodowosc noun: Croat(s), Chorwacjan(s)


adjective: Chorwacjan
Naturalne zagrozenia destructive earthquakes
Surowce naturalne oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,556 km; oil 583 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Chorwacjan Democratic Congress of Slavonia and Baranja or HDSSB [Vladimir SISLJAGIC]; Chorwacjan Democratic Union or HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Chorwacjan Party of the Right or HSP [Anto DJAPIC]; Chorwacjan Peasant Party or HSS [Josip FRISCIC]; Chorwacjan Pensioner Party or HSU [Vladimir JORDAN]; Chorwacjan People's Party or HNS [Vesna PUSIC]; Chorwacjan Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Djurdja ADLESIC]; Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Social Democratic Party of Chorwacja or SDP [Zoran MILANOVIC]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,493,312 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 11% (2003)
Przyrost naturalny -0.035% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 16, FM 98, shortwave 5 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,726 km


standard gauge: 2,726 km 1.435-m gauge (1,199 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.054 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.989 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.626 male(s)/female


total population: 0.926 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
System telefoniczny general assessment: the telecommunications network has improved steadily since the mid-1990s; the number of fixed telephone lines has increased to about 40 per 100 persons; virtually 100 mobile cellular telephones per 100 persons


domestic: more than 90 percent of local lines are digital


international: country code - 385; digital international service is provided through the main switch w Zagreb; Chorwacja participates w the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project, which consists of 2 fiber-optic trunk connections z Slowenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; the ADRIA-1 submarine cable provides connectivity to Albania and Grecja (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.832 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 4.47 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 36 (plus 321 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.41 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 11.8% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 785 km (2007)
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