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Chorwacja (2004)

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Chorwacja 2004 roku

 Chorwacja
Podzial administracyjny 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija - singular) and 1 city* (grad - singular); Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska Zupanija, Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija, Istarska Zupanija, Karlovacka Zupanija, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka Zupanija, Krapinsko-Zagorska Zupanija, Licko-Senjska Zupanija, Medimurska Zupanija, Osjecko-Baranjska Zupanija, Pozesko-Slavonska Zupanija, Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija, Sibensko-Kninska Zupanija, Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija, Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija, Varazdinska Zupanija, Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija, Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija, Zadarska Zupanija, Zagreb*, Zagrebacka Zupanija
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 16.6% (male 383,729; female 364,287)


15-64 years: 67% (male 1,497,525; female 1,515,956)


65 years and over: 16.4% (male 277,616; female 457,756) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Lotniska 68 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 23


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 6


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 9 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 45


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 37 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 56,542 sq km


land: 56,414 sq km


water: 128 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne The lands that today comprise Chorwacja were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of Swiat War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Jugoslawia. Following Swiat War II, Jugoslawia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Chorwacja declared its independence from Jugoslawia w 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Chorwacjan lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave w eastern Slavonia was returned to Chorwacja w 1998.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 9.51 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $12.76 billion


expenditures: $14.31 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Stolica Zagreb
Klimat Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant z hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Linia brzegowa 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Konstytucja adopted on 22 grudzien 1990; revised 2000, 2001
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Chorwacja


conventional short form: Chorwacja


local long form: Republika Hrvatska


local short form: Hrvatska


former: People's Republic of Chorwacja, Socialist Republic of Chorwacja
Waluta kuna (HRK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.3 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $23.56 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ralph FRANK


embassy: 2 Thomas Jefferson, 10010 Zagreb


mailing address: use street address


telephone: [385] (1) 661-2200


FAX: [385] (1) 661-2373
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Neven JURICA


chancery: 2343 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 588-5899


FAX: [1] (202) 588-8936


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje discussions continue z Bosnia i Hercegowina over disputed territory around Kostajnica on the Una River and villages at the base of Mount Pljesevica; the Chorwacja-Slowenia land and maritime boundary agreement, which would have ceded most of Pirin Bay and maritime access to Slowenia and several villages to Chorwacja, remains controversial, has not been ratified, and has been complicated by Chorwacja's declaration of an ecological-fisheries zone w the Adriatic Sea
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA $66 million (2000)
Ekonomia Before the dissolution of Jugoslawia, the Republic of Chorwacja, after Slowenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, z a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. The economy emerged from a mild recession w 2000 z tourism, banking, and public investments leading the way. Unemployment remains high, at over 13 percent, z structural factors slowing its decline. While macroeconomic stabilization has largely been achieved, structural reforms lag because of deep resistance on the part of the public and lack of strong support from politicians. Growth, while impressively over 4% dla the last several years, has been achieved through high fiscal and current account deficits. The government is gradually reducing a heavy back log of civil cases, many involving land tenure. The EU accession process should accelerate fiscal and structural reform.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 14.27 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 386 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 3.386 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 12.12 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m


highest point: Dinara 1,830 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, Bosniak 0.5%, Hungarian 0.4%, Slovene 0.3%, Czech 0.2%, Roma 0.2%, Albanian 0.1%, Montenegrin 0.1%, others 4.1% (2001)
Kurs waluty kuna per US dollar - 6.7035 (2003), 7.8687 (2002), 8.34 (2001), 8.2766 (2000), 7.1124 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 luty 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Ivo SANADER (since 9 grudzien 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers Jadranka KOSOR (since 23 grudzien 2003) and Andrija HEBRANG (since 23 grudzien 2003)


cabinet: Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the parliamentary Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 16 styczen 2005 (next to be held styczen 2010); prime minister nominated by the president w line z the balance of power w the Assembly


election results: Stjepan MESIC reelected president; percent of vote - Stjepan MESIC (HNS) 66%, Jadranka KOSOR (HDZ) 34%
Eksport 386 million kWh (2001)
Eksport $6.355 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Eksport - partnerzy Wlochy 26.1%, Bosnia i Hercegowina 14.6%, Niemcy 12%, Slowenia 8.3%, Austria 7.9% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red, white, and blue horizontal bands z Chorwacjan coat of arms (red and white checkered)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $47.05 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 7.9%


industry: 30%


services: 62.1% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $10,600 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.3% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 45 10 N, 15 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 28,123 km


paved: 23,792 km (including 410 km of expressways)


unpaved: 4,331 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.7%


highest 10%: 23.3% (1998)
Narkotyki transit point along the Balkan route dla Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point dla maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound dla Western Europe
Import 3.386 billion kWh (2001)
Import $12.86 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 1.08 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary machinery, transport and electrical equipment, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Wlochy 17.9%, Niemcy 15.7%, Slowenia 7.4%, Austria 6.6%, Francja 5.3%, Rosja 4.7% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 25 czerwiec 1991 (from Jugoslawia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.9% (2003 est.)
Przemysl chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.96 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 7.03 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 1.8% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMOGIP, UNOCI, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Konstytucjaal Court; judges dla both courts appointed dla eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the Assembly
Sila robocza 1.69 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 13.2%, industry 25.4%, services 46.4% (2002)
Granica total: 2,197 km


border countries: Bosnia i Hercegowina 932 km, Wegry 329 km, Federalna Republika Jugoslawii (north) 241 km, Federalna Republika Jugoslawii (south) 25 km, Slowenia 670 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 26.09%


permanent crops: 2.27%


other: 71.65% (2001)
Jezyki Chorwacjan 96%, other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)
System prawny based on civil law system
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Assembly or Sabor (152 seats; note - one seat was added w the listopad 2003 parliamentary elections; members elected from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: Assembly - last held 23 listopad 2003 (next to be held w 2007)


election results: Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; number of seats by party - HDZ 66, SDP 34, HSS 10, HNS 10, HSP 8, IDS 4, Libra 3, HSU 3, SDSS 3, other 11


note: minority government coalition - HDZ, DC, HSLS, HSU, SDSS
Zywotnosc total population: 74.14 years


male: 70.21 years


female: 78.29 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 98.5%


male: 99.4%


female: 97.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia i Hercegowina and Slowenia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 51 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 750,579 GRT/1,178,786 DWT


by type: bulk 16, cargo 14, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 5, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 4, short-sea/passenger 3


foreign-owned: Hong Kong 3, Rosja 1


registered w other countries: 44 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Ground Forces (Hrvatska Vojska, HKoV), Naval Forces (Hrvatska Ratna Mornarica, HRM), Air and Air Defense Forces (Hrvatsko Ratno Zrakoplovstvo i Protuzrakoplovna Obrana, HRZiPZO)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $520 million (2002 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.39% (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,100,132 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 873,994 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 30,639 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Statehood Day, 25 czerwiec (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Croat(s), Chorwacjan(s)


adjective: Chorwacjan
Naturalne zagrozenia destructive earthquakes
Surowce naturalne oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,340 km; oil 583 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Chorwacjan Bloc or HB [Ivic PASALIC]; Chorwacjan Christian Democratic Union or HKDU [Anto KOVACEVIC]; Chorwacjan Democratic Union or HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Chorwacjan Party of Rights or HSP [Anto DJAPIC]; Chorwacjan Peasant Party or HSS [Zlatko TOMCIC]; Chorwacjan Pensioner Party or HSU [Vladimir JORDAN]; Chorwacjan People's Party or HNS [Vesna PUSIC]; Chorwacjan Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Ivan CEHOK]; Chorwacjan True Revival Party or HIP [Miroslav TUDJMAN]; Democratic Centre or DC [Vesna SKARE-OZBOLT]; Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STRANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Liberal Party or LS [Zlatko BENASIC]; Party of Liberal Democrats or Libra [Jozo RADOS]; Social Democratic Party of Chorwacja or SDP [Ivica RACAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,496,869 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA
Przyrost naturalny -0.02% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Dubrovnik, Dugi Rat, Omisalj, Ploce, Pula, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split, Vukovar (inland waterway port on Danube), Zadar
Stacje radiowe AM 16, FM 98, shortwave 5 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,726 km


standard gauge: 2,726 km 1.435-m gauge (984 km electrified) (2003)
Religie Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslim 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, others and unknown 6.2% (2001)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female


total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: reconstruction plan calls dla replacement of all analog circuits z digital and enlarging the network; a backup will be included w the plan dla the main trunk


international: country code - 385; digital international service is provided through the main switch w Zagreb; Chorwacja participates w the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project, which consists of two fiber-optic trunk connections z Slowenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; Chorwacja is also investing w ADRIA 1, a joint fiber-optic project z Niemcy, Albania, and Grecja (2000)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.825 million (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 2.553 million (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 36 (plus 321 repeaters) (wrzesien 1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.39 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 19.5% (2003)
Drogi wodne 785 km (2004)
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