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Chorwacja (2001)

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Chorwacja 2001 roku

Podzial administracyjny 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija - singular), 1 city (grad -singular)*: Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska Zupanija, Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija, Istarska Zupanija, Karlovacka Zupanija, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka Zupanija, Krapinsko-Zagorska Zupanija, Licko-Senjska Zupanija, Medimurska Zupanija, Osjecko-Baranjska Zupanija, Pozesko-Slavonska Zupanija, Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija, Sibensko-Kninska Zupanija, Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija, Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija, Varazdinska Zupanija, Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija, Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija, Zadarska Zupanija, Zagreb*, Zagrebacka Zupanija
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
18.16% (male 403,722; female 383,151)

15-64 years:
66.61% (male 1,452,872; female 1,434,086)

65 years and over:
15.23% (male 245,727; female 414,584) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soy beans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Lotniska 67 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
8 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
36 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
56,542 sq km

56,414 sq km

128 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Jugoslawia. Following Swiat War II, Jugoslawia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Chorwacja declared its independence from Jugoslawia w 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Chorwacjan lands. Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave w eastern Slavonia was returned to Chorwacja w 1998.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.82 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$6 billion

$4.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Stolica Zagreb
Klimat Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant z hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Linia brzegowa 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Konstytucja adopted on 22 grudzien 1990
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of Chorwacja

conventional short form:

local long form:
Republika Hrvatska

local short form:
Waluta kuna (HRK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.41 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $9.9 billion (grudzien 1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Lawrence G. ROSSIN

Andrije Hebranga 2, 100000 Zagreb

mailing address:
use street address

[385] (1) 455-55-00

[385] (1) 455-85-85
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Ivan GRDESIC

2343 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

[1] (202) 588-5899

[1] (202) 588-8936

consulate(s) general:
Chicago, Cleveland, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Chorwacja and Wlochy made progress toward resolving a bilateral issue dating from Swiat War II over property and ethnic minority rights; progress z Slowenia on discussions of adjustments to land boundary, but problems remain w defining maritime boundary w Gulf of Piran; Chorwacja and Jugoslawia are negotiating the status of the strategically important Prevlaka Peninsula, which is currently under a UN military observer mission (UNMOP)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Before the dissolution of Jugoslawia, the Republic of Chorwacja, after Slowenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, z a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. Chorwacja faces considerable economic problems stemming from: the legacy of longtime communist mismanagement of the economy; damage during the internecine fighting to bridges, factories, power lines, buildings, and houses; the large refugee and displaced population, both Chorwacjan and Bosnian; and the disruption of economic ties. Stepped-up Western aid and investment, especially w the tourist and oil industries, would help bolster the economy. The economy emerged from its mild recession w 2000 z tourism the main factor. Massive unemployment remains a key negative element. The government's failure to press the economic reforms needed to spur growth is largely the result of coalition politics and public resistance, particularly from the trade unions, to measures that would cut jobs, wages, or social benefits.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 13.643 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 4.45 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 10.96 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:



0.11% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Adriatic Sea 0 m

highest point:
Dinara 1,830 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Croat 78.1%, Serb 12.2%, Bosniak 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slowenian 0.5%, Czech 0.4%, Albanian 0.3%, Montenegrin 0.3%, Roma 0.2%, others 6.6% (1991)
Kurs waluty kuna per US dollar - 8.089 (styczen 2001), 8.277 (2000), 7.112 (1999), 6.362 (1998), 6.101 (1997), 5.434 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 luty 2000)

head of government:
Prime Minister Ivica RACAN (since 27 styczen 2000); Deputy Prime Ministers Goran GRANIC (since 27 styczen 2000), Zeljka ANTUNOVIC (since 27 styczen 2000), Slavko LINIC (since 27 styczen 2000)

Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the House of Representatives

president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 7 luty 2000 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister nominated by the president w line z the balance of power w the Assembly

election results:
Stjepan MESIC elected president; percent of vote - Stjepan MESIC (HNS) 56%, Drazen BUDISA (HSLS) 44%

government coalition - SDP, HSLS, HSS, LP, HNS, IDS
Eksport 1 billion kWh (1999)
Eksport $4.3 billion (f.o.b., 1999)
Eksport - towary transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Eksport - partnerzy Wlochy 18%, Niemcy 15.7%, Bosnia i Hercegowina 12.8%, Slowenia 10.6%, Austria 6.2% (1999)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red, white, and blue horizontal bands z Chorwacjan coat of arms (red and white checkered)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $24.9 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:


71% (1999 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,800 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.2% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 45 10 N, 15 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2000 est.)
Autostrady total:
27,840 km

23,497 km (including 330 km of expressways)

4,343 km (1998)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Narkotyki transit point along the Balkan route dla Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; a minor transit point dla maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound dla Western Europe
Import 4.45 billion kWh (1999)
Import $7.8 billion (c.i.f., 1999)
Import - towary machinery, transport and electrical equipment, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 18.5%, Wlochy 15.9%, Rosja 8.6%, Slowenia 7.9%, Austria 7.1% (1999)
Niepodleglosc 25 czerwiec 1991 (from Jugoslawia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.7% (2000)
Przemysl chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 7.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 6% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 9 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Konstytucjaal Court; judges dla both courts appointed dla eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the House of Representatives
Sila robocza 1.68 million (pazdziernik 2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total:
2,028 km

border countries:
Bosnia i Hercegowina 932 km, Wegry 329 km, Jugoslawia 266 km, Slowenia 501 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

19% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Chorwacjan 96%, other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)
System prawny based on civil law system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Assembly or Sabor consists of the House of Counties or Zupanijski Dom (68 seats, 63 directly elected by popular vote, 5 appointed by the president; members serve four-year terms; note - House of Counties to be abolished w 2001) and House of Representatives or the Zastupnicki Dom (151 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

House of Counties - last held 13 kwiecien 1997; House of Representatives - last held 2-3 styczen 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
House of Counties - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - HDZ 42, HSLS/HSS 11, HSS 2, IDS 2, SDP/PGS/HNS 2, SDP/HNS 2, HSLS/HSS/HNS 1, HSLS 1; note - w some districts certain parties ran as coalitions, while w others they ran alone; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - HDZ 46, SDP 44, HSLS 24, HSS 17, HSP/HKDU 5, IDS 4, HNS 2, independents 4, minority representatives 5
Zywotnosc total population:
73.9 years

70.28 years

77.73 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


95% (1991 est.)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia i Hercegowina and Slowenia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
53 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 631,853 GRT/969,739 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 11, cargo 18, chemical tanker 1, combination bulk 5, container 3, multi-functional large-load carrier 3, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 4, short-sea passenger 3 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Ground Forces, Naval Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $575 million (2000)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.8% (2000)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
1,085,877 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
859,621 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 19 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
30,037 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Republic Day/Statehood Day, 30 maj (1990)
Narodowosc noun:

Naturalne zagrozenia destructive earthquakes
Surowce naturalne oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 13.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 670 km; petroleum products 20 km; natural gas 310 km (1992)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance of Chorwacjan Coast and Mountains Department or PGS [Luciano SUSANJ]; Chorwacjan Christian Democratic Union or HKDU [Marko VESELICA]; Chorwacjan Democratic Union or HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Chorwacjan Party of Rights or HSP [Dobroslav PARAGA]; Chorwacjan Peasant Party or HSS [Zlatko TOMCIC]; Chorwacjan People's Party or HNS [Vesna PUSIC]; Chorwacjan Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Drazen BUDISA]; Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Liberal Party or LP [leader NA]; Social Democratic Party of Chorwacja or SDP [Ivica RACAN]

the Social Democratic Party or SDP and the Chorwacjan Social Liberal Party or HSLS formed a coalition as did the HSS, HNS, LP, and IDS, which together defeated the Chorwacjan Democratic Union or HDZ w the 2000 lower house parliamentary election
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,334,142 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 4% (1999 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.48% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Dubrovnik, Dugi Rat, Omisalj, Ploce, Pula, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split, Vukovar (inland waterway port on Danube), Zadar
Stacje radiowe AM 16, FM 98, shortwave 5 (1999)
Radia 1.51 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
2,296 km

standard gauge:
2,296 km 1.435-m gauge (983 km electrified) (2000)
Religie Roman Catholic 76.5%, Orthodox 11.1%, Muslim 1.2%, Protestant 0.4%, others and unknown 10.8% (1991)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.59 male(s)/female

total population:
0.94 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
System telefoniczny general assessment:

reconstruction plan calls dla replacement of all analog circuits z digital and enlarging the network; a backup will be included w the plan dla the main trunk

digital international service is provided through the main switch w Zagreb; Chorwacja participates w the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project which consists of two fiber-optic trunk connections z Slowenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; Chorwacja is also investing w ADRIA 1, a joint fiber-optic project z Niemcy, Albania, and Grecja (2000)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.488 million (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 187,000 (yearend 1998)
Stacje telewizyjne 36 (plus 321 repeaters) (wrzesien 1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.94 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 22% (pazdziernik 2000)
Drogi wodne 785 km

(perennially navigable; large sections of Sava blocked by downed bridges, silt, and debris)
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