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Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie (2008)

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Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie (2001) (porownaj)
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Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie (2004) (porownaj)
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Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie (2006) (porownaj)
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Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie 2008 roku

 Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie
Podzial administracyjny 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture), 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques, singular - prefecture economique), and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran, Bangui**, Basse-Kotto, Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Kemo, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Mbomou, Nana-Grebizi*, Nana-Mambere, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pende, Sangha-Mbaere*, Vakaga
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 41.6% (male 914,566/female 903,849)

15-64 years: 54.2% (male 1,174,520/female 1,195,364)

65 years and over: 4.1% (male 71,355/female 109,384) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco, manioc (tapioca), yams, millet, corn, bananas; timber
Lotniska 51 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 48

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 10

914 to 1,523 m: 24

under 914 m: 13 (2007)
Terytorium total: 622,984 sq km

land: 622,984 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Texas
Tlo historyczne The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie upon independence w 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established w 1993 and lasted dla one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and w marzec 2003 he was deposed w a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held w marzec and maj of 2005 w which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest w neighboring nations, Czad, Sudan, and the DRC, continues to affect stability w the Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie as well.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 33.52 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $250 million

expenditures: $273 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Bangui

geographic coordinates: 4 22 N, 18 35 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja ratified by popular referendum 5 grudzien 2004; effective 27 grudzien 2004
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie

conventional short form: none

local long form: Republique Centrafricaine

local short form: none

former: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire

abbreviation: CAR
Wspolczynnik zgonow 18.46 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.153 billion (2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires James PANOS

embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui

mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui

telephone: [236] 61 02 00

FAX: [236] 61 44 94

note: the embassy is currently operating z a minimal staff
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Emmanuel TOUABOY

chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-7800

FAX: [1] (202) 332-9893
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje periodic skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border z southern Sudan persist
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $95.29 million; note - traditional budget subsidies from Francja (2005 est.)
Ekonomia Subsistence agriculture, together z forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie (CAR), z more than 70% of the population living w outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates more than half of Produkt krajowy brutto. Timber has accounted dla about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry, dla 40%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. Factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. Distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. Grants from Francja and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 101.4 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 109 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m

highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 481.8 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Francois BOZIZE (since 15 marzec 2003 coup)

head of government: Prime Minister Faustin-Archange TOUADERA (since 22 styczen 2008)

cabinet: Council of Ministers

elections: under the new constitution, the president elected to a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); elections last held 13 marzec and 8 maj 2005 (next to be held w 2010); prime minister appointed by the political party z a parliamentary majority

election results: Francois BOZIZE elected president; percent of second round balloting - Francois BOZIZE (KNK) 64.6%, Martin ZIGUELE (MLPC) 35.4%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $146.7 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 30.7%, Hiszpania 10.7%, Indonezja 8%, Francja 7.8%, Chiny 6.9%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 6%, Turcja 5%, Wlochy 4.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi four equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, green, and yellow z a vertical red band w center; there is a yellow five-pointed star on the hoist side of the blue band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 55%

industry: 20%

services: 25% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 7 00 N, 21 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.7%

highest 10%: 47.7% (1993)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $237.3 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 2,201 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals
Import - partnerzy Francja 15.4%, Holandia 15.1%, US 9.2%, Kamerun 8.9% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 13 sierpien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3% (2002)
Przemysl gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 83.97 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 90.68 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 77.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Konstytucjaal Court (3 judges appointed by the president, 3 by the president of the National Assembly, and 3 by fellow judges); Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Inferior Courts
Sila robocza 1.857 million (2006)
Granica total: 5,203 km

border countries: Kamerun 797 km, Czad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.1%

permanent crops: 0.15%

other: 96.75% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
System prawny based on French law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (109 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 13 marzec 2005 and 8 maj 2005 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - MLPC 43%, RDC 18%, MDD 9%, FPP 6%, PSD 5%, ADP 4%, PUN 3%, FODEM 2%, PLD 2%, UPR 1%, FC 1%, independents 6%; seats by party - MLPC 47, RDC 20, MDD 8, FPP 7, PSD 6, ADP 5, PUN 3, FODEM 2, PLD 2, UPR 1, FC 1, independents 7
Zywotnosc total population: 43.74 years

male: 43.69 years

female: 43.79 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 51%

male: 63.3%

female: 39.9% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Central African Armed Forces (Forces Armees Centrafricaines, FACA): Ground Forces, General Directorate of Gendarmerie Inspection (DGIG), Military Air Service, National Police (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.1% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Republic Day, 1 grudzien (1958)
Narodowosc noun: Central African(s)

adjective: Central African
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common
Surowce naturalne diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democracy and Progress or ADP [Jacques MBOLIEDAS]; Central African Democratic Assembly or RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum dla Modernity or FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement dla Democracy and Development or MDD [David DACKO]; Movement dla the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [Ange-Felix PATASSE] (the party of deposed president); National Convergence or KNK; Patriotic Front dla Progress or FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union dla the Republic or UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY]; National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,369,038

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.505% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%

note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.012 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.983 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.652 male(s)/female

total population: 0.978 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: limited telephone service; fixed-line connections dla well less than 1 per 100 persons coupled z mobile-cellular usage of only about 3 per 100 persons

domestic: network consists principally of microwave radio relay and low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication

international: country code - 236; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 10,000 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 100,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills w northeast and southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.32 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8% (23% dla Bangui) (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne 2,800 km (primarily on the Oubangui and Sangha rivers) (2006)
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