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Argentyna (2004)

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Argentyna 2004 roku

 Argentyna
Podzial administracyjny 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia), and 1 autonomous city* (distrito federal); Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Stolica Federal*, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur, Tucuman


note: the US does not recognize any claims to Antarktyda
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 25.9% (male 5,179,236; female 4,947,234)


15-64 years: 63.6% (male 12,452,566; female 12,457,451)


65 years and over: 10.5% (male 1,685,371; female 2,422,895) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock
Lotniska 1,335 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 144


over 3,047 m: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 26


1,524 to 2,437 m: 62


914 to 1,523 m: 44


under 914 m: 8 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1,190


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 50


914 to 1,523 m: 569


under 914 m: 567 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 2,766,890 sq km


land: 2,736,690 sq km


water: 30,200 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US
Tlo historyczne Following independence from Hiszpania w 1816, Argentyna experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. After Swiat War II, a long period of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference w subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power w 1976. Democracy returned w 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentyna's progress w democratic consolidation.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.19 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $26.62 billion


expenditures: $26 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Stolica Buenos Aires
Klimat mostly temperate; arid w southeast; subantarctic w southwest
Linia brzegowa 4,989 km
Konstytucja 1 maj 1853; revised sierpien 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Argentine Republic


conventional short form: Argentyna


local long form: Republica Argentyna


local short form: Argentyna
Waluta Argentine peso (ARS)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.57 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $145.6 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Lino GUTIERREZ


embassy: Avenida Kolumbia 4300, C1425GMN Buenos Aires


mailing address: international mail: use street address; APO address: Unit 4334, APO AA 34034


telephone: [54] (11) 5777-4533


FAX: [54] (11) 5777-4240
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jose Octavio BORDON


chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009


telephone: [1] (202) 238-6400


FAX: [1] (202) 332-3171


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje UK continues to reject sovereignty talks requested by Argentyna, whose constitution still claims UK-administered Falklandy and Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy, but w 1995 ceded the right to settle the dispute by force; Beagle Channel islands dispute resolved through Papal mediation w 1984, but armed incidents persist since 1992 oil discovery; territorial claim w Antarktyda partially overlaps UK and Chilean claims (see Antarctic disputes); unruly region at convergence of Argentyna-Brazylia-Paragwaj borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and drug trafficking, and fundraising dla extremist organizations; uncontested dispute between Brazylia and Urugwaj over Brazyliaiera Island w the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint z Argentyna w question
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $10 billion (2001 est.)
Ekonomia Argentyna benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Over the past decade, however, the country has suffered recurring economic problems of inflation, external debt, capital flight, and budget deficits. Growth w 2000 was a negative 0.8%, as both domestic and foreign investors remained skeptical of the government's ability to pay debts and maintain the peso's fixed exchange rate z the US dollar. The economic situation worsened w 2001 z the widening of spreads on Argentine bonds, massive withdrawals from the banks, and a further decline w consumer and investor confidence. Government efforts to achieve a "zero deficit," to stabilize the banking system, and to restore economic growth proved inadequate w the face of the mounting economic problems. The peso's peg to the dollar was abandoned w styczen 2002, and the peso was floated w luty; the exchange rate plunged and inflation picked up rapidly, but by mid-2002 the economy had stabilized, albeit at a lower level. Strong demand dla the peso compelled the Central Bank to intervene w foreign exchange markets to curb its appreciation w 2003. Led by record exports, the economy began to recover z output up 8% w 2003, unemployment falling, and inflation reduced to under 4% at year-end.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 92.12 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 5.662 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 7.417 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 97.17 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena w the province of Santa Cruz)


highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m (located w the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza)
Srodowisko - obecne problemy environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution


note: Argentyna is a world leader w setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
Kurs waluty Argentine pesos per US dollar - 2.9003 (2003), 3.0633 (2002), 0.9995 (2001), 0.9995 (2000), 0.9995 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nestor KIRCHNER (since 25 maj 2003); Vice President Daniel SCIOLI (since 25 maj 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Nestor KIRCHNER (since 25 maj 2003); Vice President Daniel SCIOLI (since 25 maj 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla four-year terms; the last election held was the presidential primary election of 27 kwiecien 2003 (next election to be held NA 2007)


election results: results of the presidential primary of 27 kwiecien 2003: Carlos Saul MENEM 24.3%, Nestor KIRCHNER 22%, Ricardo Lopez MURPHY 16.4%, Adolfo Rodriguez SAA 14.4%, Elisa CARRIO 14.2%, other 8.7%; the subsequent runoff election slated dla 25 maj 2003 was awarded to KIRCHNER by default after MENEM withdrew his candidacy on the eve of the election
Eksport 5.662 billion kWh (2001)
Eksport $29.57 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 6.05 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary edible oils, fuels and energy, cereals, feed, motor vehicles
Eksport - partnerzy Brazylia 15.8%, Chile 12%, US 10.6%, Chiny 8.4%, Hiszpania 4.7% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered w the white band is a radiant yellow sun z a human face known as the Sun of maj
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $435.5 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 11.1%


industry: 34.8%


services: 54.1% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $11,200 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8.7% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 34 00 S, 64 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne second-largest country w South America (after Brazylia); strategic location relative to sea lanes between the South Atlantic and the South Ocean Spokojnys (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Cerro Aconcagua is South America's tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point w the Western Hemisphere
Autostrady total: 215,471 km


paved: 63,348 km (including 734 km of expressways)


unpaved: 152,123 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Narkotyki used as a transshipment country dla cocaine headed dla Europe and the US; some money-laundering activity, especially w the Tri-Border Terytorium; domestic consumption of drugs w urban centers is increasing
Import 7.417 billion kWh (2001)
Import $13.27 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal manufactures, plastics
Import - partnerzy Brazylia 34%, US 16.4%, Niemcy 5.6%, Chiny 5.2% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 9 lipiec 1816 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 16.2% (2003 est.)
Przemysl food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 15.66 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 17.6 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 13.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 13.4% (2003)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AfDB, Australia Group, BCIE, BIS, FAO, G-6, G-15, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMOVIC, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 15,610 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (the nine Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president z approval by the Senate)
Sila robocza 14.92 million (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA, industry NA, services NA
Granica total: 9,665 km


border countries: Boliwia 832 km, Brazylia 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paragwaj 1,880 km, Urugwaj 579 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 12.31%


permanent crops: 0.48%


other: 87.21% (2001)
Jezyki Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
System prawny mixture of US and West European legal systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate (72 seats; members are elected by direct vote; presently one-third of the members elected every two years to a six-year term) and the Chamber of Deputies (257 seats; members are elected by direct vote; one-half of the members elected every two years to a four-year term)


elections: Senate - last held intermittently by province during the 2nd half of 2003 (next to be held NA 2005); Chamber of Deputies - last held intermittently by province during the 2nd half of 2003 (next to be held NA 2005)



election results: Senate - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - PJ 41, UCR 16, provincial parties 15; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - PJ 133, UCR 46, IF 23, ARI 11, Socialist 6, other/provincial parties 38
Zywotnosc total population: 75.7 years


male: 71.95 years


female: 79.65 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 97.1%


male: 97.1%


female: 97.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Chile and Urugwaj
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 45 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 149,007 GRT/212,620 DWT


by type: cargo 9, petroleum tanker 9, rail car carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 1, short-sea/passenger 1, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: Urugwaj 1


registered w other countries: 26 (2004 est.)
Wojsko Argentine Army, Navy of the Argentine Republic (includes Naval Aviation and Marines), Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Argentyna, FAA)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $4.3 billion (FY99)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (FY00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 9,901,352 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 8,042,304 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 327,738 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Revolution Day, 25 maj (1810)
Narodowosc noun: Argentine(s)


adjective: Argentine
Naturalne zagrozenia San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas w the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the pampas and northeast; heavy flooding
Surowce naturalne fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 27,166 km; liquid petroleum gas 41 km; oil 3,668 km; refined products 2,945 km; unknown (oil/water) 13 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Action dla the Republic or AR [Domingo CAVALLO]; Alternative dla a Republic of Equals or ARI [Elisa CARRIO]; Front dla a Country w Solidarity or Frepaso (a four-party coalition) [Dario Pedro ALESSANDRO]; Interbloque Federal or IF (a broad coalition of approximately 12 parties including RECREAR) [leader NA]; Justicialist Party or PJ [leader NA] (Peronist umbrella political organization); Radical Civic Union or UCR [Angel ROZAS]; Federal Recreate Movement or RECREAR [Ricardo LOPEZ MURPHY]; Socialist Party or PS [Ruben GIUSTINIANI]; Union For All [Patricia BULLRICH]; several provincial parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Argentine Association of Pharmaceutical Labs (CILFA); Argentine Industrial Union (manufacturers' association); Argentine Rural Society (large landowners' association); business organizations; General Confederation of Labor or CGT (Peronist-leaning umbrella labor organization); Central of Argentine Workers or CTA (a radical union dla employed and unemployed workers); Peronist-dominated labor movement; Roman Catholic Church; students
Ludnosc 39,144,753 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 51.7% (maj 2003)
Przyrost naturalny 1.02% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Comodoro Rivadavia, Concepcion del Urugwaj, La Plata, Mar del Plata, Necochea, Rio Gallegos, Rosario, Santa Fe, Ushuaia
Stacje radiowe AM 260 (including 10 inactive stations), FM NA (probably more than 1,000, mostly unlicensed), shortwave 6 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 34,091 km (167 km electrified)


broad gauge: 20,594 km 1.676-m gauge (141 km electrified)


standard gauge: 2,885 km 1.435-m gauge (26 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 10,375 km 1.000-m gauge; 237 km 0.750-m gauge (2003)
Religie nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female


total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: by opening the telecommunications market to competition and foreign investment z the "Telecommunications Liberalization Plan of 1998," Argentyna encouraged the growth of modern telecommunication technology; fiber-optic cable trunk lines are being installed between all major cities; the major networks are entirely digital and the availability of telephone service is being improved; however, telephone density is presently minimal, and making telephone service universally available will take time


domestic: microwave radio relay, fiber-optic cable, and a domestic satellite system z 40 earth stations serve the trunk network; more than 110,000 pay telephones are installed and mobile telephone use is rapidly expanding


international: country code - 54; satellite earth stations - 8 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); Atlantis II and Unisur submarine cables; two international gateways near Buenos Aires (1999)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 8,009,400 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 6.5 million (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 42 (plus 444 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu rich plains of the Pampas w northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia w south, rugged Andes along western border
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.24 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 17.3% (2003)
Drogi wodne 11,000 km (2004)
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