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Akrotiri (2004)

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Akrotiri 2004 year

Area total: 123 sq km

note: includes a salt lake and wetlands
Area - comparative about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Background By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovreignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers in total: Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest of these is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area.
Capital Episkopi; also serves as capital of Dhekelia
Climate temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Country name conventional long form: Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area

conventional short form: Akrotiri
Dependency status overseas territory of UK; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Economy - overview Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Akrotiri. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
Environment - current issues shooting around the salt lake; note - breeding place for loggerhead and green turtles; only remaining colony of griffon vultures is on the base
Executive branch chief of state: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)

head of government: Administrator Maj. Gen. Peter Tomas Clayton PEARSON (since 9 May 2003) note - reports to the British Ministry of Defence

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch
Flag description the flag of the UK is used
Geographic coordinates 34 37 N, 32 58 E
Geography - note British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus
Legal system the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Location peninsula on the southwest coast of Cyprus
Map references Middle East
Military - note Akrotiri has a full RAF base, Headquarters for British Forces on Cyprus, and Episkopi Support Unit
Population no indigenous inhabitants

note: approximately 1,300 military personnel are on the base; note - there are another 5,000 British citizens who are families of military personnel or civilian staff on both Akrotiri and Dhekelia; Cyprus citizens work on the base, but do not live there
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