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Uksztaltowanie terenu (2008)

Uksztaltowanie terenu - wybierz rok:
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2001) (porownaj)
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2002) (porownaj)
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2003) (porownaj)
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2004) (porownaj)
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2005) (porownaj)
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2006) (porownaj)
- Uksztaltowanie terenu (2007) (porownaj)


Informacje o Uksztaltowanie terenu w 2008 rok

AfganistanAfganistan mostly rugged mountains; plains w north and southwest
AlbaniaAlbania mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
AlgieriaAlgieria mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
Samoa AmerykanskieSamoa Amerykanskie five volcanic islands z rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
AndoraAndora rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys
AngolaAngola narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau
AnguillaAnguilla flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
AntarktydaAntarktyda about 98% thick continental ice sheet and 2% barren rock, z average elevations between 2,000 and 4,000 meters; mountain ranges up to nearly 5,000 meters; ice-free coastal areas include parts of southern Victoria Land, Wilkes Land, the Antarctic Peninsula area, and parts of Ross Island on McMurdo Sound; glaciers form ice shelves along about half of the coastline, and floating ice shelves constitute 11% of the area of the continent
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, z some higher volcanic areas
Ocean ArktycznyOcean Arktyczny central surface covered by a perennial drifting polar icepack that, on average, is about 3 meters thick, although pressure ridges may be three times that thickness; clockwise drift pattern w the Beaufort Gyral Stream, but nearly straight-line movement from the New Siberian Islands (Rosja) to Dania Strait (between Grenlandia and Islandia); the icepack is surrounded by open seas during the summer, but more than doubles w size during the winter and extends to the encircling landmasses; the ocean floor is about 50% continental shelf (highest percentage of any ocean) z the remainder a central basin interrupted by three submarine ridges (Alpha Cordillera, Nansen Cordillera, and Lomonosov Ridge)
ArgentynaArgentyna rich plains of the Pampas w northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia w south, rugged Andes along western border
ArmeniaArmenia Armenian Highland z mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil w Aras River valley
ArubaAruba flat z a few hills; scant vegetation
Wyspy Ashmore i CartieraWyspy Ashmore i Cartiera low z sand and coral
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki surface usually covered z sea ice w Labrador Sea, Dania Strait, and coastal portions of the Baltic Sea from pazdziernik to czerwiec; clockwise warm-water gyre (broad, circular system of currents) w the northern Atlantic, counterclockwise warm-water gyre w the southern Atlantic; the ocean floor is dominated by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a rugged north-south centerline dla the entire Atlantic basin
AustraliaAustralia mostly low plateau z deserts; fertile plain w southeast
AustriaAustria in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) z Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) w west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea
BahamyBahamy long, flat coral formations z some low rounded hills
BahrajnBahrajn mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment
Wyspa BakerWyspa Baker low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
BangladeszBangladesz mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly w southeast
BarbadosBarbados relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region
BialorusBialorus generally flat and contains much marshland
BelgiaBelgia flat coastal plains w northwest, central rolling hills, rugged mountains of Ardennes Forest w southeast
BelizeBelize flat, swampy coastal plain; low mountains w south
BeninBenin mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains
BermudyBermudy low hills separated by fertile depressions
BhutanBhutan mostly mountainous z some fertile valleys and savanna
BoliwiaBoliwia rugged Andes Mountains z a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina mountains and valleys
BotswanaBotswana predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert w southwest
Wyspa BouvetaWyspa Bouveta volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible
BrazyliaBrazylia mostly flat to rolling lowlands w north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt
Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu IndyjskiegoBrytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego flat and low (most areas do not exceed two meters w elevation)
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze coral islands relatively flat; volcanic islands steep, hilly
BruneiBrunei flat coastal plain rises to mountains w east; hilly lowland w west
BulgariaBulgaria mostly mountains z lowlands w north and southeast
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills w west and southeast
BirmaBirma central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands
BurundiBurundi hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau w east, some plains
KambodzaKambodza mostly low, flat plains; mountains w southwest and north
KamerunKamerun diverse, z coastal plain w southwest, dissected plateau w center, mountains w west, plains w north
KanadaKanada mostly plains z mountains w west and lowlands w southeast
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic
KajmanyKajmany low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs
Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills w northeast and southwest
CzadCzad broad, arid plains w center, desert w north, mountains w northwest, lowlands w south
ChileChile low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes w east
ChinyChiny mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts w west; plains, deltas, and hills w east
Wyspa Bozego NarodzeniaWyspa Bozego Narodzenia steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
ClippertonClipperton coral atoll
Wyspy KokosoweWyspy Kokosowe flat, low-lying coral atolls
KolumbiaKolumbia flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains
KomoryKomory volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains w east
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
Wyspy CookaWyspy Cooka low coral atolls w north; volcanic, hilly islands w south
Wyspy Morza KoralowegoWyspy Morza Koralowego sand and coral reefs and islands (or cays)
KostarykaKostaryka coastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains w northwest
ChorwacjaChorwacja geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
KubaKuba mostly flat to rolling plains, z rugged hills and mountains w the southeast
CyprCypr central plain z mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
CzechyCzechy Bohemia w the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia w the east consists of very hilly country
DaniaDania low and flat to gently rolling plains
DzibutiDzibuti coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
DominikaDominika rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska rugged highlands and mountains z fertile valleys interspersed
EkwadorEkwador coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
EgiptEgipt vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
SalwadorSalwador mostly mountains z narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Gwinea RównikowaGwinea Równikowa coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic
ErytreaErytrea dominated by extension of Etiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains
EstoniaEstonia marshy, lowlands; flat w the north, hilly w the south
EtiopiaEtiopia high plateau z central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
Unia EuropejskaUnia Europejska fairly flat along the Baltic and Atlantic coast; mountainous w the central and southern areas
FalklandyFalklandy rocky, hilly, mountainous z some boggy, undulating plains
Wyspy OwczeWyspy Owcze rugged, rocky, some low peaks; cliffs along most of coast
FidziFidzi mostly mountains of volcanic origin
FinlandiaFinlandia mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed z lakes and low hills
FrancjaFrancja metropolitan Francja: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills w north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees w south, Alps w east


Gujana Francuska: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains


Gwadelupa: Basse-Terre is volcanic w origin z interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic w origin


Martynika: mountainous z indented coastline; dormant volcano


Reunion: mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
Polinezja FrancuskaPolinezja Francuska mixture of rugged high islands and low islands z reefs
Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i AntarktyczneFrancuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne Ile Amsterdam (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): a volcanic island z steep coastal cliffs; the center floor of the volcano is a large plateau


Ile Saint-Paul (Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul): triangular w shape, the island is the top of a volcano, rocky z steep cliffs on the eastern side; has active thermal springs


Iles Crozet: a large archipelago formed from the Crozet Plateau is divided into two groups of islands


Iles Kerguelen: the interior of the large island of Ile Kerguelen is composed of rugged terrain of high mountains, hills, valleys, and plains z a number of peninsulas stretching off its coasts


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): atoll, awash at high tide; shallow (15 m) lagoon


Europa (wyspa), Wyspy Glorioso, Juan de Nova: low, flat, and sandy


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): low, flat, sandy; likely volcanic seamount
GabonGabon narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna w east and south
GambiaGambia flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills
GazaGaza flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain
GeorgiaGeorgia largely mountainous z Great Caucasus Mountains w the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains w the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea w the west; Mtkvari River Basin w the east; good soils w river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland
NiemcyNiemcy lowlands w north, uplands w center, Bavarian Alps w south
GhanaGhana mostly low plains z dissected plateau w south-central area
GibraltarGibraltar a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
GrecjaGrecja mostly mountains z ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands
GrenlandiaGrenlandia flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast
GrenadaGrenada volcanic w origin z central mountains
GuamGuam volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), z steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains w north, low hills w center, mountains w south
GwatemalaGwatemala mostly mountains z narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau
GuernseyGuernsey mostly level z low hills w southwest
GwineaGwinea generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna w east
GujanaGujana mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna w south
HaitiHaiti mostly rough and mountainous
Wyspy Heard i McDonaldaWyspy Heard i McDonalda Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky
WatykanWatykan urban; low hill
HondurasHonduras mostly mountains w interior, narrow coastal plains
Hong KongHong Kong hilly to mountainous z steep slopes; lowlands w north
HowlandHowland low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area
WegryWegry mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slowacjan border
IslandiaIslandia mostly plateau interspersed z mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords
IndieIndie upland plain (Deccan Plateau) w south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts w west, Himalayas w north
Ocean IndyjskiOcean Indyjski surface dominated by counterclockwise gyre (broad, circular system of currents) w the southern Ocean Indyjski; unique reversal of surface currents w the northern Ocean Indyjski; low atmospheric pressure over southwest Asia from hot, rising, summer air results w the southwest monsoon and southwest-to-northeast winds and currents, while high pressure over northern Asia from cold, falling, winter air results w the northeast monsoon and northeast-to-southwest winds and currents; ocean floor is dominated by the Mid-Ocean Indyjski Ridge and subdivided by the Southeast Ocean Indyjski Ridge, Southwest Ocean Indyjski Ridge, and Ninetyeast Ridge
IndonezjaIndonezja mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
IranIran rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin z deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
IrakIrak mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border w south z large flooded areas; mountains along borders z Iran and Turcja
IrlandiaIrlandia mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
Wyspa ManWyspa Man hills w north and south bisected by central valley
IzraelIzrael Negev desert w the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordania Rift Valley
WlochyWlochy mostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands
JamajkaJamajka mostly mountains, z narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
Jan majenJan majen volcanic island, partly covered by glaciers
JaponiaJaponia mostly rugged and mountainous
JarvisJarvis sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
JerseyJersey gently rolling plain z low, rugged hills along north coast
JohnstonJohnston mostly flat
JordaniaJordania mostly desert plateau w east, highland area w west; Great Rift Valley separates East and Zachodni Brzegs of the Jordania River
KazachstanKazachstan extends from the Volga to the Altai Mountains and from the plains w western Siberia to oases and desert w Central Asia
KeniaKenia low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau w west
KingmanKingman low and nearly level
KiribatiKiribati mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide w west, discontinuous w east
Poludniowa KoreaPoludniowa Korea mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains w west and south
KosowoKosowo flat fluvial basin z an elevation of 400-700 m above sea level surrounded by several high mountain ranges z elevations of 2,000 to 2,500 m
KuwejtKuwejt flat to slightly undulating desert plain
KirgistanKirgistan peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation
LaosLaos mostly rugged mountains; some plains and plateaus
LotwaLotwa low plain
LibanLiban narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Liban and Anti-Liban Mountains
LesothoLesotho mostly highland z plateaus, hills, and mountains
LiberiaLiberia mostly flat to rolling coastal plains rising to rolling plateau and low mountains w northeast
LibiaLibia mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein mostly mountainous (Alps) z Rhine Valley w western third
LitwaLitwa lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
LuksemburgLuksemburg mostly gently rolling uplands z broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous w the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain w the southeast
MakauMakau generally flat
MacedoniaMacedonia mountainous territory covered z deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
MadagaskarMadagaskar narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains w center
MalawiMalawi narrow elongated plateau z rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
MalezjaMalezja coastal plains rising to hills and mountains
MalediwyMalediwy flat, z white sandy beaches
MaliMali mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna w south, rugged hills w northeast
MaltaMalta mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Wyspy MarshallaWyspy Marshalla low coral limestone and sand islands
MauretaniaMauretania mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills
MauritiusMauritius small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
MajottaMajotta generally undulating, z deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
MeksykMeksyk high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
MidwayMidway low, nearly level
MoldawiaMoldawia rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
MonakoMonako hilly, rugged, rocky
MongoliaMongolia vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains w west and southwest; Gobi Desert w south-central
CzarnogoraCzarnogora highly indented coastline z narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus
MontserratMontserrat volcanic island, mostly mountainous, z small coastal lowland
MarokoMaroko northern coast and interior are mountainous z large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains
MozambikMozambik mostly coastal lowlands, uplands w center, high plateaus w northwest, mountains w west
NamibiaNamibia mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert w east
NauruNauru sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs z phosphate plateau w center
NavassaNavassa raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)
NepalNepal Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges w south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas w north
HolandiaHolandia mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie generally hilly, volcanic interiors
Nowa KaledoniaNowa Kaledonia coastal plains z interior mountains
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia predominately mountainous z some large coastal plains
NikaraguaNikaragua extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes
NigerNiger predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains w south; hills w north
NigeriaNigeria southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains w southeast, plains w north
NiueNiue steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Wyspa NorfolkWyspa Norfolk volcanic formation z mostly rolling plains
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne southern islands are limestone z level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic
NorwegiaNorwegia glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra w north
OmanOman central desert plain, rugged mountains w north and south
Ocean SpokojnyOcean Spokojny surface currents w the northern Pacific are dominated by a clockwise, warm-water gyre (broad circular system of currents) and w the southern Pacific by a counterclockwise, cool-water gyre; w the northern Pacific, sea ice forms w the Bering Sea and Sea of Okhotsk w winter; w the southern Pacific, sea ice from Antarktyda reaches its northernmost extent w pazdziernik; the ocean floor w the eastern Pacific is dominated by the East Pacific Rise, while the western Pacific is dissected by deep trenches, including the Mariana Trench, which is the world's deepest
PakistanPakistan flat Indus plain w east; mountains w north and northwest; Balochistan plateau w west
PalauPalau varying geologically from the high, mountainous main island of Babelthuap to low, coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs
PalmyraPalmyra very low
PanamaPanama interior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea mostly mountains z coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Wyspy ParacelskieWyspy Paracelskie mostly low and flat
ParagwajParagwaj grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paragwaj; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paragwaj mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
PeruPeru western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes w center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
FilipinyFilipiny mostly mountains z narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
PitcairnPitcairn rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline z cliffs
PolskaPolska mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border
PortugaliaPortugalia mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains w south
PortorykoPortoryko mostly mountains z coastal plain belt w north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
KatarKatar mostly flat and barren desert covered z loose sand and gravel
RumuniaRumunia central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
RosjaRosja broad plain z low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra w Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions
RuandaRuanda mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous z altitude declining from west to east
Saint-BarthelemySaint-Barthelemy hilly, almost completely surrounded by shallow-water reefs, z 20 beaches
Swieta HelenaSwieta Helena the islands of this group result from volcanic activity associated z the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge


Swieta Helena: rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains


Ascension: surface covered by lava flows and cinder cones of 44 dormant volcanoes; ground rises to the east


Tristan da Cunha: sheer cliffs line the coastline of the nearly circular island; the flanks of the central volcanic peak are deeply dissected; narrow coastal plain lies between The Peak and the coastal cliffs
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis volcanic z mountainous interiors
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia volcanic and mountainous z some broad, fertile valleys
Saint-Pierre i MiquelonSaint-Pierre i Miquelon mostly barren rock
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny volcanic, mountainous
SamoaSamoa two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain z volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains w interior
San MarinoSan Marino rugged mountains
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca volcanic, mountainous
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
SenegalSenegal generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills w southeast
SerbiaSerbia extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills
SeszeleSeszele Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains w east
SingapurSingapur lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
SlowacjaSlowacja rugged mountains w the central and northern part and lowlands w the south
SloweniaSlowenia a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Wlochy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys z numerous rivers to the east
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona mostly rugged mountains z some low coral atolls
SomaliaSomalia mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills w north
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain
Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich PoludniowyGeorgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin z some active volcanoes
Ocean PoludniowyOcean Poludniowy the Ocean Poludniowy is deep, 4,000 to 5,000 m over most of its extent z only limited areas of shallow water; the Antarctic continental shelf is generally narrow and unusually deep, its edge lying at depths of 400 to 800 m (the global mean is 133 m); the Antarctic icepack grows from an average minimum of 2.6 million sq km w marzec to about 18.8 million sq km w wrzesien, better than a sixfold increase w area; the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (21,000 km w length) moves perpetually eastward; it is the world's largest ocean current, transporting 130 million cubic meters of water per second - 100 times the flow of all the world's rivers
HiszpaniaHiszpania large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees w north
Wyspy SpratlyWyspy Spratly flat
Sri LankaSri Lanka mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains w south-central interior
SudanSudan generally flat, featureless plain; mountains w far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north
SurinamSurinam mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain z swamps
SvalbardSvalbard wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts
SuaziSuazi mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
SzwecjaSzwecja mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains w west
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria mostly mountains (Alps w south, Jura w northwest) z a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes
SyriaSyria primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains w west
TajwanTajwan eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains w west
TadzykistanTadzykistan Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley w north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys w southwest
TanzaniaTanzania plains along coast; central plateau; highlands w north, south
TajlandiaTajlandia central plain; Khorat Plateau w the east; mountains elsewhere
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni mountainous
TogoTogo gently rolling savanna w north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain z extensive lagoons and marshes
TokelauTokelau low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoons
TongaTonga most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago mostly plains z some hills and low mountains
TunezjaTunezja mountains w north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
TurcjaTurcja high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan flat-to-rolling sandy desert z dunes rising to mountains w the south; low mountains along border z Iran; borders Caspian Sea w west
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
TuvaluTuvalu very low-lying and narrow coral atolls
UgandaUganda mostly plateau z rim of mountains
UkrainaUkraina most of Ukraina consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only w the west (the Carpathians), and w the Crimean Peninsula w the extreme south
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains w east
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains w east and southeast
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone vast central plain, mountains w west, hills and low mountains w east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys w Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography w Hawaii
Stany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife RefugesStany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges low and nearly level sandy coral islands z narrow fringing reefs that have developed at the top of submerged volcanic mountains, which w most cases rise steeply from the ocean floor
UrugwajUrugwaj mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland
UzbekistanUzbekistan mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert z dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley w east surrounded by mountainous Tadzykistan and Kirgistan; shrinking Aral Sea w west
VanuatuVanuatu mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
WenezuelaWenezuela Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands w northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands w southeast
WietnamWietnam low, flat delta w south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous w far north and northwest
Wyspy DziewiczeWyspy Dziewicze mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous z little level land
WakeWake atoll of three low coral islands, Peale, Wake, and Wilkes, built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim
Wallis i FutunaWallis i Futuna volcanic origin; low hills
Zachodni BrzegZachodni Brzeg mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation w west, but barren w east
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia mostly low, flat desert z large areas of rocky or sandy surfaces rising to small mountains w south and northeast
SwiatSwiat the greatest ocean depth is the Mariana Trench at 10,924 m w the Ocean Spokojny
JemenJemen narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains w center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula
ZambiaZambia mostly high plateau z some hills and mountains
ZimbabweZimbabwe mostly high plateau z higher central plateau (high veld); mountains w east
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