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System prawny (2003)

System prawny - wybierz rok:
- System prawny (2001) (porownaj)
- System prawny (2002) (porownaj)
- System prawny (2004) (porownaj)
- System prawny (2005) (porownaj)
- System prawny (2006) (porownaj)
- System prawny (2007) (porownaj)
- System prawny (2008) (porownaj)


Informacje o System prawny w 2003 rok

AfganistanAfganistan the Bonn Agreement calls dla a judicial commission to rebuild the justice system w accordance z Islamic principles, international standards, the rule of law, and Afghan legal traditions
AlbaniaAlbania has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
AlgieriaAlgieria socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts w ad hoc Konstytucjaal Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Samoa AmerykanskieSamoa Amerykanskie NA
AndoraAndora based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
AngolaAngola based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law; recently modified to accommodate political pluralism and increased use of free markets
AnguillaAnguilla based on English common law
AntarktydaAntarktyda Antarktyda is administered through meetings of the consultative member nations. Decisions from these meetings are carried out by these member nations (within their areas) w accordance z their own national laws. US law, including certain criminal offenses by or against US nationals, such as murder, may apply extra-territorially. Some US laws directly apply to Antarktyda. For example, the Antarctic Conservation Act, 16 U.S.C. section 2401 et seq., provides civil and criminal penalties dla the following activities, unless authorized by regulation of statute: the taking of native mammals or birds; the introduction of nonindigenous plants and animals; entry into specially protected areas; the discharge or disposal of pollutants; and the importation into the US of certain items from Antarktyda. Violation of the Antarctic Conservation Act carries penalties of up to $10,000 w fines and one year w prison. The National Science Foundation and Department of Justice share enforcement responsibilities. Public Law 95-541, the US Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978, as amended w 1996, requires expeditions from the US to Antarktyda to notify, w advance, the Office of Oceans, Room 5805, Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, which reports such plans to other nations as required by the Antarctic Treaty. For more information, contact Permit Office, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia 22230; telephone: (703) 292-8030, or visit their website at www.nsf.gov.
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda based on English common law
ArgentynaArgentyna mixture of US and West European legal systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
ArmeniaArmenia based on civil law system
ArubaAruba based on Dutch civil law system, z some English common law influence
Wyspy Ashmore i CartieraWyspy Ashmore i Cartiera the laws of the Commonwealth of Australia and the laws of the Northern Territory of Australia, where applicable, apply
AustraliaAustralia based on English common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
AustriaAustria civil law system z Roman law origin; judicial review of legislative acts by the Konstytucjaal Court; separate administrative and civil/penal supreme courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan based on civil law system
BahamyBahamy based on English common law
BahrajnBahrajn based on Islamic law and English common law
Wyspa BakerWyspa Baker the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
BangladeszBangladesz based on English common law
BarbadosBarbados English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts
Bassas da IndieBassas da Indie the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
BialorusBialorus based on civil law system
BelgiaBelgia civil law system influenced by English constitutional theory; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
BelizeBelize English law
BeninBenin based on French civil law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
BermudyBermudy English law
BhutanBhutan based on Indien law and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
BoliwiaBoliwia based on Spanish law and Napoleonic Code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina based on civil law system
BotswanaBotswana based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wyspa BouvetaWyspa Bouveta the laws of Norwegia, where applicable, apply
BrazyliaBrazylia based on Roman codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu IndyjskiegoBrytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze English law
BruneiBrunei based on English common law; dla Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law supersedes civil law w a number of areas
BulgariaBulgaria civil law and criminal law based on Roman law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso based on French civil law system and customary law
BirmaBirma has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
BurundiBurundi based on German and Belgian civil codes and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
KambodzaKambodza primarily a civil law mixture of French-influenced codes from the United Nations Transitional Authority w Kambodza (UNTAC) period, royal decrees, and acts of the legislature, z influences of customary law and remnants of communist legal theory; increasing influence of common law w recent years
KamerunKamerun based on French civil law system, z common law influence; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
KanadaKanada based on English common law, except w Quebec, where civil law system based on French law prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka derived from the legal system of Portugalia
KajmanyKajmany British common law and local statutes
Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie based on French law
CzadCzad based on French civil law system and Czadian customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
ChileChile based on Code of 1857 derived from Spanish law and subsequent codes influenced by French and Austrian law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


note: Chile is w the process of completely overhauling its criminal justice system; a new, US-style adversarial system is being gradually implemented throughout the country
ChinyChiny a complex amalgam of custom and statute, largely criminal law; rudimentary civil code w effect since 1 styczen 1987; new legal codes w effect since 1 styczen 1980; continuing efforts are being made to improve civil, administrative, criminal, and commercial law
Wyspa Bozego NarodzeniaWyspa Bozego Narodzenia under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law
ClippertonClipperton the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
Wyspy KokosoweWyspy Kokosowe based upon the laws of Australia and local laws
KolumbiaKolumbia based on Spanish law; a new criminal code modeled after US procedures was enacted w 1992-93; judicial review of executive and legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
KomoryKomory French and Sharia (Islamic) law w a new consolidated code
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna based on Belgian civil law system and tribal law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika based on French civil law system and customary law
Wyspy CookaWyspy Cooka based on Nowa Zelandia law and English common law
Wyspy Morza KoralowegoWyspy Morza Koralowego the laws of Australia, where applicable, apply
KostarykaKostaryka based on Spanish civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review w the Konstytucjaal Chamber of the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
ChorwacjaChorwacja based on civil law system
KubaKuba based on Spanish and American law, z large elements of Communist legal theory; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
CyprCypr based on common law, z civil law modifications
CzechyCzechy civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to bring it w line z Organization on Security and Cooperation w Europe (OSCE) obligations and to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory
DaniaDania civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
DzibutiDzibuti based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law
DominikaDominika based on English common law
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska based on French civil codes
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni UN-drafted legal system based on Indonezjan law (2002)
EkwadorEkwador based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
EgiptEgipt based on English common law, Islamic law, and Napoleonic codes; judicial review by Supreme Court and Council of State (oversees validity of administrative decisions); accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
SalwadorSalwador based on civil and Roman law, z traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Gwinea RównikowaGwinea Równikowa partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom
ErytreaErytrea primary basis is the Etiopian legal code of 1957, z revisions; new civil, commercial, and penal codes have not yet been promulgated; also relies on customary and post-independence-enacted laws and, dla civil cases involving Muslims, Sharia law
EstoniaEstonia based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
EtiopiaEtiopia currently transitional mix of national and regional courts
Europa (wyspa)Europa (wyspa) the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
FalklandyFalklandy English common law
Wyspy OwczeWyspy Owcze Danish
FidziFidzi based on British system
FinlandiaFinlandia civil law system based on Swedish law; Supreme Court may request legislation interpreting or modifying laws; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
FrancjaFrancja civil law system z indigenous concepts; review of administrative but not legislative acts
Gujana FrancuskaGujana Francuska French legal system
Polinezja FrancuskaPolinezja Francuska based on French system
Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i AntarktyczneFrancuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
GabonGabon based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Chamber of the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
GambiaGambia based on a composite of English common law, Koranic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
GeorgiaGeorgia based on civil law system
NiemcyNiemcy civil law system z indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts w the Federal Konstytucjaal Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
GhanaGhana based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
GibraltarGibraltar English law
Wyspy GloriosoWyspy Glorioso the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
GrecjaGrecja based on codified Roman law; judiciary divided into civil, criminal, and administrative courts
GrenlandiaGrenlandia Danish
GrenadaGrenada based on English common law
GwadelupaGwadelupa French legal system
GuamGuam modeled on US; US federal laws apply
GwatemalaGwatemala civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
GuernseyGuernsey English law and local statute; justice is administered by the Royal Court
GwineaGwinea based on French civil law system, customary law, and decree; legal codes currently being revised; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau NA
GujanaGujana based on English common law z certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
HaitiHaiti based on Roman civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wyspy Heard i McDonaldaWyspy Heard i McDonalda the laws of Australia, where applicable, apply
WatykanWatykan based on Code of Canon Law and revisions to it
HondurasHonduras rooted w Roman and Spanish civil law z increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes w favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Hong KongHong Kong based on English common law
HowlandHowland the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
WegryWegry rule of law based on Western model
IslandiaIslandia civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
IndieIndie based on English common law; limited judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
IndonezjaIndonezja based on Roman-Dutch law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts and by new criminal procedures code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
IranIran the Konstytucja codifies Islamic principles of government
IrakIrak in transition following kwiecien 2003 defeat of SADDAM Husayn regime by US-led coalition
IrlandiaIrlandia based on English common law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts w Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wyspa ManWyspa Man English common law and Manx statute
IzraelIzrael mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, w personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; w grudzien 1985, Izrael informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
WlochyWlochy based on civil law system; appeals treated as new trials; judicial review under certain conditions w Konstytucjaal Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
JamajkaJamajka based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Jan majenJan majen the laws of Norwegia, where applicable, apply
JaponiaJaponia modeled after European civil law system z English-American influence; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
JarvisJarvis the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
JerseyJersey English law and local statute; justice is administered by the Royal Court
JohnstonJohnston the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
JordaniaJordania based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts w a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Juan de NovaJuan de Nova the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
KazachstanKazachstan based on civil law system
KeniaKenia based on Kenian statutory law, Kenian and English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review w High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Kenia a de jure one-party state repealed w 1991
KingmanKingman the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
KiribatiKiribati NA
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea based on German civil law system z Japoniaese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Poludniowa KoreaPoludniowa Korea combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and Chinese classical thought
KuwejtKuwejt civil law system z Islamic law significant w personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
KirgistanKirgistan based on civil law system
LaosLaos based on traditional customs, French legal norms and procedures, and socialist practice
LotwaLotwa based on civil law system
LibanLiban mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, and civil law; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
LesothoLesotho based on English common law and Roman-Dutch law; judicial review of legislative acts w High Court and Court of Appeal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
LiberiaLiberia dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law dla the modern sector and customary law based on unwritten tribal practices dla indigenous sector
LibiaLibia based on Italian civil law system and Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision dla judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein local civil and penal codes; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
LitwaLitwa based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court
LuksemburgLuksemburg based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MakauMakau based on Portuguese civil law system
Macedonia, czlonek JugoslawiiMacedonia, czlonek Jugoslawii based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
MadagaskarMadagaskar based on French civil law system and traditional Malagasy law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MalawiMalawi based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court of Appeal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MalezjaMalezja based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the federation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MalediwyMalediwy based on Islamic law z admixtures of English common law primarily w commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MaliMali based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court (which was formally established on 9 marzec 1994); has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MaltaMalta based on English common law and Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wyspy MarshallaWyspy Marshalla based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
MartynikaMartynika French legal system
MauretaniaMauretania a combination of Shari'a (Islamic law) and French civil law
MauritiusMauritius based on French civil law system z elements of English common law w certain areas
MajottaMajotta French law
MeksykMeksyk mixture of US constitutional theory and civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
MidwayMidway the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
MoldawiaMoldawia based on civil law system; Konstytucjaal Court reviews legality of legislative acts and governmental decisions of resolution; it is unclear if Moldawia accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but accepts many UN and Organization dla Security and Cooperation w Europe (OSCE) documents
MonakoMonako based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MongoliaMongolia blend of Soviet, German, and US systems of law that combines aspects of a parliamentary system z some aspects of a presidential system; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
MontserratMontserrat English common law and statutory law
MarokoMaroko based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Chamber of Supreme Court
MozambikMozambik based on Portuguese civil law system and customary law
NamibiaNamibia based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990 constitution
NauruNauru acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law
NavassaNavassa the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
NepalNepal based on Hindu legal concepts and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
HolandiaHolandia civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie based on Dutch civil law system, z some English common law influence
Nowa KaledoniaNowa Kaledonia the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia based on English law, z special land legislation and land courts dla the Maori; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
NikaraguaNikaragua civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts
NigerNiger based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
NigeriaNigeria based on English common law, Islamic Shariah law (only w some northern states), and traditional law
NiueNiue English common law


note: Niue is self-governing, z the power to make its own laws
Wyspa NorfolkWyspa Norfolk based on the laws of Australia, local ordinances and acts; English common law applies w matters not covered by either Australian or Wyspa Norfolk law
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne based on US system, except dla customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation
NorwegiaNorwegia mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
OmanOman based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the monarch; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
PakistanPakistan based on English common law z provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
PalauPalau based on Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
PalmyraPalmyra the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
PanamaPanama based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court of Justice; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea based on English common law
ParagwajParagwaj based on Argentine codes, Roman law, and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts w Supreme Court of Justice
PeruPeru based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
FilipinyFilipiny based on Spanish and Anglo-American law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
PitcairnPitcairn local island by-laws
PolskaPolska mixture of Continental (Napoleonic) civil law and holdover Communist legal theory; changes being gradually introduced as part of broader democratization process; limited judicial review of legislative acts, but rulings of the Konstytucjaal Tribunal are final; court decisions can be appealed to the European Court of Justice w Strasbourg
PortugaliaPortugalia civil law system; the Konstytucjaal Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
PortorykoPortoryko based on Spanish civil code and within the US Federal system of justice
KatarKatar discretionary system of law controlled by the amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family and personal matters
ReunionReunion French law
RumuniaRumunia former mixture of civil law system and communist legal theory; is now based on the constitution of Francja's Fifth Republic
RosjaRosja based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
RuandaRuanda based on German and Belgian civil law systems and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Swieta HelenaSwieta Helena NA
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis based on English common law
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia based on English common law
Saint-Pierre i MiquelonSaint-Pierre i Miquelon French law z special adaptations dla local conditions, such as housing and taxation
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny based on English common law
SamoaSamoa based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts z respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
San MarinoSan Marino based on civil law system z Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca based on Portuguese legal system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska based on Islamic law, several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
SenegalSenegal based on French civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts w Konstytucjaal Court; the Council of State audits the government's accounting office; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Federalna Republika JugoslawiiFederalna Republika Jugoslawii based on civil law system
SeszeleSeszele based on English common law, French civil law, and customary law
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
SingapurSingapur based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
SlowacjaSlowacja civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to comply z the obligations of Organization on Security and Cooperation w Europe (OSCE) and to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory
SloweniaSlowenia based on civil law system
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona English common law, which is widely disregarded
SomaliaSomalia no national system; Shari'a and secular courts are w some localities
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki based on Roman-Dutch law and English common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich PoludniowyGeorgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; the senior magistrate from the Falkland Islands presides over the Magistrates Court
HiszpaniaHiszpania civil law system, z regional applications; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Sri LankaSri Lanka a highly complex mixture of English common law, Roman-Dutch, Muslim, Sinhalese, and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
SudanSudan based on English common law and Islamic law; as of 20 styczen 1991, the now defunct Revolutionary Command Council imposed Islamic law w the northern states; Islamic law applies to all residents of the northern states regardless of their religion; some separate religious courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
SurinamSurinam based on Dutch legal system incorporating French penal theory
SvalbardSvalbard NA
SuaziSuazi based on Republika Poludniowej Afrykin Roman-Dutch law w statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom w traditional courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
SzwecjaSzwecja civil law system influenced by customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria civil law system influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts, except z respect to federal decrees of general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
SyriaSyria based on Islamic law and civil law system; special religious courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
TajwanTajwan based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
TadzykistanTadzykistan based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
TanzaniaTanzania based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
TajlandiaTajlandia based on civil law system, z influences of common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
TogoTogo French-based court system
TokelauTokelau Nowa Zelandia and local statutes
TongaTonga based on English law
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wyspa TromelinWyspa Tromelin the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
TunezjaTunezja based on French civil law system and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court w joint session
TurcjaTurcja derived from various European continental legal systems; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan based on civil law system
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos based on laws of England and Wales, z a few adopted from Jamajka and The Bahamas
TuvaluTuvalu NA
UgandaUganda in 1995, the government restored the legal system to one based on English common law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
UkrainaUkraina based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie federal court system introduced w 1971; all emirates except Dubayy (Dubai) and Ra's al Khaymah are not fully integrated into the federal system; all emirates have secular and Islamic law dla civil, criminal, and high courts
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania common law tradition z early Roman and modern continental influences; has judicial review of Acts of Parliament under the Human Rights Act of 1998; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
UrugwajUrugwaj based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
UzbekistanUzbekistan evolution of Soviet civil law; still lacks independent judicial system
VanuatuVanuatu unified system being created from former dual French and British systems
WenezuelaWenezuela based on organic laws as of lipiec 1999; open, adversarial court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
WietnamWietnam based on communist legal theory and French civil law system
Wyspy DziewiczeWyspy Dziewicze based on US laws
WakeWake the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Wallis i FutunaWallis i Futuna French legal system
SwiatSwiat all members of the UN plus Szwajcaria are parties to the statute that established the International Court of Justice (ICJ) or Swiat Court
JemenJemen based on Islamic law, Turkish law, English common law, and local tribal customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
ZambiaZambia based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
ZimbabweZimbabwe mixture of Roman-Dutch and English common law
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