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Polozenie geograficzne (2008)

Polozenie geograficzne - wybierz rok:
- Polozenie geograficzne (2001) (porownaj)
- Polozenie geograficzne (2002) (porownaj)
- Polozenie geograficzne (2003) (porownaj)
- Polozenie geograficzne (2004) (porownaj)
- Polozenie geograficzne (2005) (porownaj)
- Polozenie geograficzne (2006) (porownaj)
- Polozenie geograficzne (2007) (porownaj)


Informacje o Polozenie geograficzne w 2008 rok

AfganistanAfganistan landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are w the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)
AkrotiriAkrotiri British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cypr; of the Sovereign Base Terytorium land, 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land
AlbaniaAlbania strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)
AlgieriaAlgieria second-largest country w Africa (after Sudan)
Samoa AmerykanskieSamoa Amerykanskie Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors w the South Ocean Spokojny, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location w the South Ocean Spokojny
AndoraAndora landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads w the Pyrenees
AngolaAngola the province of Cabinda is an exclave, separated from the rest of the country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo
AnguillaAnguilla the most northerly of the Leeward Islands w the Lesser Antilles
AntarktydaAntarktyda the coldest, windiest, highest (on average), and driest continent; during summer, more solar radiation reaches the surface at the South Pole than is received at the Equator w an equivalent period; mostly uninhabitable
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline z many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a very large western harbor
Ocean ArktycznyOcean Arktyczny major chokepoint is the southern Chukchi Sea (northern access to the Ocean Spokojny via the Bering Strait); strategic location between North America and Rosja; shortest marine link between the extremes of eastern and western Rosja; floating research stations operated by the US and Rosja; maximum snow cover w marzec or kwiecien about 20 to 50 centimeters over the frozen ocean; snow cover lasts about 10 months
ArgentynaArgentyna second-largest country w South America (after Brazylia); strategic location relative to sea lanes between the South Atlantic and the South Ocean Spokojnys (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); diverse geophysical landscapes range from tropical climates w the north to tundra w the far south; Cerro Aconcagua is the Western Hemisphere's tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point w the Western Hemisphere
ArmeniaArmenia landlocked w the Lesser Caucasus Mountains; Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan) is the largest lake w this mountain range
ArubaAruba a flat, riverless island renowned dla its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Ocean Atlantycki; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees Fahrenheit)
Wyspy Ashmore i CartieraWyspy Ashmore i Cartiera Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established w sierpien 1983
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki major chokepoints include the Dardanelles, Strait of Gibraltar, access to the Panama and Suez Canals; strategic straits include the Strait of Dover, Straits of Florida, Mona Passage, The Sound (Oresund), and Windward Passage; the Equator divides the Ocean Atlantycki into the North Ocean Atlantycki and South Ocean Atlantycki
AustraliaAustralia world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the invigorating sea breeze known as the "Fremantle Doctor" affects the city of Perth on the west coast, and is one of the most consistent winds w the world
AustriaAustria landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe z many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked
BahamyBahamy strategic location adjacent to US and Kuba; extensive island chain of which 30 are inhabited
BahrajnBahrajn close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location w Persian Gulf, through which much of the Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean
Wyspa BakerWyspa Baker treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat dla seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
BangladeszBangladesz most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites z the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal
BarbadosBarbados easternmost Caribbean island
BialorusBialorus landlocked; glacial scouring accounts dla the flatness of Bialorusian terrain and dla its 11,000 lakes
BelgiaBelgia crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West European capitals within 1,000 km of Brussels, the seat of both the Unia Europejska and NATO
BelizeBelize only country w Central America without a coastline on the North Ocean Spokojny
BeninBenin sandbanks create difficult access to a coast z no natural harbors, river mouths, or islands
BermudyBermudy consists of about 138 coral islands and islets z ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; some land was leased by US Government from 1941 to 1995
BhutanBhutan landlocked; strategic location between Chiny and Indie; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes
BoliwiaBoliwia landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), z Peru
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina within Bosnia i Hercegowina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Chorwacja and Czarnogora, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority w the west and an ethnic Serb majority w the east
BotswanaBotswana landlocked; population concentrated w eastern part of the country
Wyspa BouvetaWyspa Bouveta covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve
BrazyliaBrazylia largest country w South America; shares common boundaries z every South American country except Chile and Ekwador
Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu IndyjskiegoBrytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego archipelago of 55 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location w central Ocean Indyjski; island is site of joint US-UK military facility
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze strong ties to nearby US Wyspy Dziewicze and Portoryko
BruneiBrunei close to vital sea lanes through South Chiny Sea linking Indien and Ocean Spokojnys; two parts physically separated by Malezja; almost an enclave within Malezja
BulgariaBulgaria strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas
BirmaBirma strategic location near major Ocean Indyjski shipping lanes
BurundiBurundi landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera, which drains into Lake Victoria, is the most remote headstream of the White Nile
KambodzaKambodza a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap
KamerunKamerun sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Kamerun, the highest mountain w Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano
KanadaKanada second-largest country w world (after Rosja); strategic location between Rosja and US via north polar route; approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site
KajmanyKajmany important location between Kuba and Central America
Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa
CzadCzad landlocked; Lake Czad is the most significant water body w the Sahel
ChileChile strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Ocean Spokojnys (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world's driest regions
ChinyChiny world's fourth largest country (after Rosja, Kanada, and US); Mount Everest on the border z Nepal is the world's tallest peak
Wyspa Bozego NarodzeniaWyspa Bozego Narodzenia located along major sea lanes of Ocean Indyjski
ClippertonClipperton reef 12 km w circumference
Wyspy KokosoweWyspy Kokosowe islands are thickly covered z coconut palms and other vegetation
KolumbiaKolumbia only South American country z coastlines on both the North Ocean Spokojny and Caribbean Sea
KomoryKomory important location at northern end of Mozambik Channel
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna straddles equator; has very narrow strip of land that controls the lower Congo River and is only outlet to South Ocean Atlantycki; dense tropical rain forest w central river basin and eastern highlands
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika about 70% of the population lives w Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them
Wyspy CookaWyspy Cooka the northern Wyspy Cooka are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Wyspy Cooka, where most of the population lives, consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles, including the largest, Rarotonga, at 67 sq km
Wyspy Morza KoralowegoWyspy Morza Koralowego important nesting area dla birds and turtles
KostarykaKostaryka four volcanoes, two of them active, rise near the capital of San Jose w the center of the country; one of the volcanoes, Irazu, erupted destructively w 1963-65
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated
ChorwacjaChorwacja controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits; the vast majority of Adriatic Sea islands lie off the coast of Chorwacja - some 1,200 islands, islets, ridges, and rocks
KubaKuba largest country w Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles
CyprCypr the third largest island w the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)
CzechyCzechy landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes w Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube w central Europe
DaniaDania controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives w greater Copenhagen
DhekeliaDhekelia British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cypr; of the Sovereign Base Terytorium land 60% is privately owned and farmed, 20% is owned by the Ministry of Defense, and 20% is SBA Crown land
DzibutiDzibuti strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Etiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point w Africa
DominikaDominika known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake w the world
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska shares island of Hispaniola z Haiti
EkwadorEkwador Cotopaxi w Andes is highest active volcano w world
EgiptEgipt controls Sinai Peninsula, only land bridge between Africa and remainder of Eastern Hemisphere; controls Suez Canal, a sea link between Ocean Indyjski and Mediterranean Sea; size, and juxtaposition to Izrael, establish its major role w Middle Eastern geopolitics; dependence on upstream neighbors; dominance of Nile basin issues; prone to influxes of refugees
SalwadorSalwador smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea
Gwinea RównikowaGwinea Równikowa insular and continental regions widely separated
ErytreaErytrea strategic geopolitical position along world's busiest shipping lanes; Erytrea retained the entire coastline of Etiopia along the Red Sea upon de jure independence from Etiopia on 24 maj 1993
EstoniaEstonia the mainland terrain is flat, boggy, and partly wooded; offshore lie more than 1,500 islands
EtiopiaEtiopia landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost z the de jure independence of Erytrea on 24 maj 1993; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises w T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) w northwest Etiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated w Etiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean
FalklandyFalklandy deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season
Wyspy OwczeWyspy Owcze archipelago of 17 inhabited islands and one uninhabited island, and a few uninhabited islets; strategically located along important sea lanes w northeastern Atlantic; precipitous terrain limits habitation to small coastal lowlands
FidziFidzi includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited
FinlandiaFinlandia long boundary z Rosja; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain
FrancjaFrancja largest West European nation
Polinezja FrancuskaPolinezja Francuska includes five archipelagoes (4 volcanic, 1 coral); Makatea w Polinezja Francuska is one of the three great phosphate rock islands w the Ocean Spokojny - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) w Kiribati and Nauru
Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i AntarktyczneFrancuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne islands component is widely scattered across remote locations w the southern Ocean Indyjski


Bassas da Indie (Wyspy Rozproszone): the atoll is a circular reef that sits atop a long-extinct, submerged volcano


Europa (wyspa) and Juan de Nova (Wyspy Rozproszone): wildlife sanctuary dla seabirds and sea turtles


Glorioso Island (Wyspy Rozproszone): the islands and rocks are surrounded by an extensive reef system


Wyspa Tromelin (Wyspy Rozproszone): climatologically important location dla forecasting cyclones w the western Ocean Indyjski; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
GabonGabon a small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries; w general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity
GambiaGambia almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa
GazaGaza strategic strip of land along Mideast-North African trade routes has experienced an incredibly turbulent history; the town of Gaza itself has been besieged countless times w its history
GeorgiaGeorgia strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them
NiemcyNiemcy strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea
GhanaGhana Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake
GibraltarGibraltar strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Ocean Atlantycki and Mediterranean Sea
GrecjaGrecja strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands
GrenlandiaGrenlandia dominates North Ocean Atlantycki between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast, but close to one-quarter of the population lives w the capital, Nuuk; world's second largest ice cap
GrenadaGrenada the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent i Grenadyny and Grenada
GuamGuam largest and southernmost island w the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location w western North Ocean Spokojny
GwatemalaGwatemala no natural harbors on west coast
GuernseyGuernsey large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
GwineaGwinea the Niger and its important tributary the Milo have their sources w the Gwinean highlands
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau this small country is swampy along its western coast and low-lying further inland
GujanaGujana the third-smallest country w South America after Surinam and Urugwaj; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Wenezuela and Surinam respectively
HaitiHaiti shares island of Hispaniola z Republika Dominikanska (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Republika Dominikanska)
WatykanWatykan landlocked; enclave w Rome, Wlochy; world's smallest state; beyond the territorial boundary of Vatican City, the Lateran Treaty of 1929 grants the Holy See extraterritorial authority over 23 sites w Rome and five outside of Rome, including the Pontifical Palace at Castel Gandolfo (the Pope's summer residence)
HondurasHonduras has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast
Hong KongHong Kong more than 200 islands
HowlandHowland almost totally covered z grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees w the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat dla seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
WegryWegry landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraina and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions
IslandiaIslandia strategic location between Grenlandia and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital w the world; more land covered by glaciers than w all of continental Europe
IndieIndie dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Ocean Indyjski trade routes; Kanchenjunga, third tallest mountain w the world, lies on the border z Nepal
Ocean IndyjskiOcean Indyjski major chokepoints include Bab el Mandeb, Strait of Hormuz, Strait of Malacca, southern access to the Suez Canal, and the Lombok Strait
IndonezjaIndonezja archipelago of 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited); straddles equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Ocean Indyjski to Ocean Spokojny
IranIran strategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways dla crude oil transport
IrakIrak strategic location on Shatt al Arab waterway and at the head of the Persian Gulf
IrlandiaIrlandia strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin
Wyspa ManWyspa Man one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
IzraelIzrael there are 242 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg, 42 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, 0 w the Gaza, and 29 w East Jerusalem (sierpien 2005 est.); Sea of Galilee is an important freshwater source
WlochyWlochy strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe
JamajkaJamajka strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamajka Channel, the main sea lanes dla the Panama Canal
Jan majenJan majen barren volcanic island z some moss and grass
JaponiaJaponia strategic location w northeast Asia
JarvisJarvis sparse bunch grass, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat dla seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
JerseyJersey largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated w Saint Helier
JohnstonJohnston strategic location w the North Ocean Spokojny; Johnston Island and Sand Island are natural islands, which have been expanded by coral dredging; North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina) are manmade islands formed from coral dredging; the egg-shaped reef is 34 km w circumference; closed to the public; a former US nuclear weapons test site; site of now-closed Johnston Chemical Agent Disposal System (JACADS); most facilities dismantled and cleanup complete w 2004; some low-growing vegetation
JordaniaJordania strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border z Izrael and the occupied Zachodni Brzeg
KazachstanKazachstan landlocked; Rosja leases approximately 6,000 sq km of territory enclosing the Baykonur Cosmodrome; w styczen 2004, Kazachstan and Rosja extended the lease to 2050
KeniaKenia the Kenian Highlands comprise one of the most successful agricultural production regions w Africa; glaciers are found on Mount Kenia, Africa's second highest peak; unique physiography supports abundant and varied wildlife of scientific and economic value
KingmanKingman barren coral atoll z deep interior lagoon; closed to the public
KiribatiKiribati 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) w Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands w the Ocean Spokojny - the others are Makatea w Polinezja Francuska, and Nauru
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea strategic location bordering Chiny, South Korea, and Rosja; mountainous interior is isolated and sparsely populated
Poludniowa KoreaPoludniowa Korea strategic location on Korea Strait
KuwejtKuwejt strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
KirgistanKirgistan landlocked; entirely mountainous, dominated by the Tien Shan range; many tall peaks, glaciers, and high-altitude lakes
LaosLaos landlocked; most of the country is mountainous and thickly forested; the Mekong River forms a large part of the western boundary z Tajlandia
LotwaLotwa most of the country is composed of fertile, low-lying plains, z some hills w the east
LibanLiban Nahr el Litani is the only major river w Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity
LesothoLesotho landlocked, completely surrounded by Republika Poludniowej Afryki; mountainous, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 meters above sea level
LiberiaLiberia facing the Ocean Atlantycki, the coastline is characterized by lagoons, mangrove swamps, and river-deposited sandbars; the inland grassy plateau supports limited agriculture
LibiaLibia more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein along z Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries w the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation
LitwaLitwa fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
LuksemburgLuksemburg landlocked; the only Grand Duchy w the world
MakauMakau essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges
MacedoniaMacedonia landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe
MadagaskarMadagaskar world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambik Channel
MalawiMalawi landlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature
MalezjaMalezja strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South Chiny Sea
MalediwyMalediwy 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands z tourist resorts); archipelago z strategic location astride and along major sea lanes w Ocean Indyjski
MaliMali landlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan
MaltaMalta the country comprises an archipelago, z only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunezja are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly dla oil exploration
Wyspy MarshallaWyspy Marshalla the Marshal Islands Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous Swiat War II battleground, is used as a US missile test range; island city of Ebeye is the second largest settlement w the Wyspy Marshalla, after the capital of Majuro, and one of the most densely populated locations w the Pacific
MauretaniaMauretania most of the population concentrated w the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River w the southern part of the country
MauritiusMauritius the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs
MajottaMajotta part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands
MeksykMeksyk strategic location on southern border of US; corn (maize), one of the world's major grain crops, is thought to have originated w Meksyk
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji four major island groups totaling 607 islands
MidwayMidway a coral atoll managed as a national wildlife refuge and open to the public dla wildlife-related recreation w the form of wildlife observation and photography, sport fishing, snorkeling, and scuba diving; the refuge is temporarily closed dla reorganization at present (2004)
MoldawiaMoldawia landlocked; well endowed z various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone
MonakoMonako second-smallest independent state w the world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban
MongoliaMongolia landlocked; strategic location between Chiny and Rosja
CzarnogoraCzarnogora strategic location along the Adriatic coast
MontserratMontserrat the island is entirely volcanic w origin and comprised of three major volcanic centers of differing ages
MarokoMaroko strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar
MozambikMozambik the Zambezi flows through the north-central and most fertile part of the country
NamibiaNamibia first country w the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip
NauruNauru Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands w the Ocean Spokojny - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) w Kiribati and Makatea w Polinezja Francuska; only 53 km south of Equator
NavassaNavassa strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Kuba; mostly exposed rock z numerous solution holes but z enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus
NepalNepal landlocked; strategic location between Chiny and Indie; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest and Kanchenjunga - the world's tallest and third tallest - on the borders z Chiny and Indie respectively
HolandiaHolandia located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie the five islands of the Antyle Holenderskie are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao); the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass w the Swiat shared by two independent states, the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten
Nowa KaledoniaNowa Kaledonia consists of the main island of Nowa Kaledonia (one of the largest w the Ocean Spokojny), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia about 80% of the population lives w cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital w the world
NikaraguaNikaragua largest country w Central America; contains the largest freshwater body w Central America, Lago de Nikaragua
NigerNiger landlocked; one of the hottest countries w the world; northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable dla livestock and limited agriculture
NigeriaNigeria the Niger enters the country w the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta w the Gulf of Gwinea
NiueNiue one of world's largest coral islands
Wyspa NorfolkWyspa Norfolk most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea w one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne strategic location w the North Ocean Spokojny
NorwegiaNorwegia about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes w North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines w the world
OmanOman strategic location on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point dla world crude oil
Ocean SpokojnyOcean Spokojny the major chokepoints are the Bering Strait, Panama Canal, Luzon Strait, and the Singapur Strait; the Equator divides the Ocean Spokojny into the North Ocean Spokojny and the South Ocean Spokojny; dotted z low coral islands and rugged volcanic islands w the southwestern Ocean Spokojny
PakistanPakistan controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indien Subcontinent
PalauPalau westernmost archipelago w the Caroline chain, consists of six island groups totaling more than 300 islands; includes Swiat War II battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu) and world-famous rock islands
PalmyraPalmyra about 50 islets covered z dense vegetation, coconut trees, and balsa-like trees up to 30 meters tall
PanamaPanama strategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Ocean Atlantycki via Caribbean Sea z North Ocean Spokojny
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea shares island of New Gwinea z Indonezja; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Wyspy ParacelskieWyspy Paracelskie composed of 130 small coral islands and reefs divided into the northeast Amphitrite Group and the western Crescent Group
ParagwajParagwaj landlocked; lies between Argentyna, Boliwia, and Brazylia; population concentrated w southern part of country
PeruPeru shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, z Boliwia; a remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316 m peak, is the ultimate source of the Amazon River
FilipinyFilipiny the Philippine archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands; favorably located w relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South Chiny Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait
PitcairnPitcairn Britain's most isolated dependency; only the larger island of Pitcairn is inhabited but it has no port or natural harbor; supplies must be transported by rowed longboat from larger ships stationed offshore
PolskaPolska historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain
PortugaliaPortugalia Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar
PortorykoPortoryko important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors w the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt w north
KatarKatar strategic location w central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits
RumuniaRumunia controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldawia, and Ukraina
RosjaRosja largest country w the world w terms of area but unfavorably located w relation to major sea lanes of the world; despite its size, much of the country lacks proper soils and climates (either too cold or too dry) dla agriculture; Mount El'brus is Europe's tallest peak
RuandaRuanda landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland z the population predominantly rural
Swieta HelenaSwieta Helena Swieta Helena harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else w the world; Ascension is a breeding ground dla sea turtles and sooty terns; Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha is the highest island mountain w the South Atlantic and a prominent landmark on the sea lanes around southern Africa
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis with coastlines w the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits w the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean
Saint MartinSaint Martin the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass w the Swiat shared by two independent states, the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten
Saint-Pierre i MiquelonSaint-Pierre i Miquelon vegetation scanty
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent i Grenadyny and Grenada; Saint Vincent i Grenadyny is comprised of 32 islands and cays
SamoaSamoa occupies an almost central position within Polynesia
San MarinoSan Marino landlocked; smallest independent state w Europe after the Holy See and Monako; dominated by the Apennines
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca the smallest country w Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are fairly mountainous
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal
SenegalSenegal westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal
SerbiaSerbia controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turcja and the Near East
SeszeleSeszele 41 granitic and about 75 coralline islands
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
SingapurSingapur focal point dla Southeast Asian sea routes
SlowacjaSlowacja landlocked; most of the country is rugged and mountainous; the Tatra Mountains w the north are interspersed z many scenic lakes and valleys
SloweniaSlowenia despite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona strategic location on sea routes between the South Ocean Spokojny, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 kwiecien 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara, the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces z dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit
SomaliaSomalia strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki Republika Poludniowej Afryki completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Suazi
Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich PoludniowyGeorgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage; reindeer, introduced early w the 20th century, live on South Georgia
Ocean PoludniowyOcean Poludniowy the major chokepoint is the Drake Passage between South America and Antarktyda; the Polar Front (Antarctic Convergence) is the best natural definition of the northern extent of the Ocean Poludniowy; it is a distinct region at the middle of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current that separates the cold polar surface waters to the south from the warmer waters to the north; the Front and the Current extend entirely around Antarktyda, reaching south of 60 degrees south near Nowa Zelandia and near 48 degrees south w the far South Atlantic coinciding z the path of the maximum westerly winds
HiszpaniaHiszpania strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar
Wyspy SpratlyWyspy Spratly strategically located near several primary shipping lanes w the central South Chiny Sea; includes numerous small islands, atolls, shoals, and coral reefs
Sri LankaSri Lanka strategic location near major Ocean Indyjski sea lanes
SudanSudan largest country w Africa; dominated by the Nile and its tributaries
SurinamSurinam smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, dla the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast
SvalbardSvalbard northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norwegia; consists of nine main islands; glaciers and snowfields cover 60% of the total area; Spitsbergen Island is the site of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, a seed repository established by the Global Crop Diversity Trust and the Norwegian Government
SuaziSuazi landlocked; almost completely surrounded by Republika Poludniowej Afryki
SzwecjaSzwecja strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along z southeastern Francja, northern Wlochy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations w the Alps
SyriaSyria there are 42 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights (sierpien 2005 est.)
TajwanTajwan strategic location adjacent to both the Tajwan Strait and the Luzon Strait
TadzykistanTadzykistan landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range w the north and the Pamirs w the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain w the former USSR
TanzaniaTanzania Kilimanjaro is highest point w Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) w the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) w the west, and Lake Nyasa w the southwest
TajlandiaTajlandia controls only land route from Asia to Malezja and Singapur
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni Timor comes from the Malay word dla "East"; the island of Timor is part of the Malay Archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands
TogoTogo the country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna
TokelauTokelau consists of three atolls (Atafu, Fakaofo, Nukunonu), each z a lagoon surrounded by a number of reef-bound islets of varying length and rising to over 3 m above sea level
TongaTonga archipelago of 169 islands (36 inhabited)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt
TunezjaTunezja strategic location w central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunezja are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly dla oil exploration
TurcjaTurcja strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas; Mount Ararat, the legendary landing place of Noah's Ark, is w the far eastern portion of the country
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan landlocked; the western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Garagum (Kara-Kum) desert, which occupies over 80% of the country; eastern part is plateau
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
TuvaluTuvalu one of the smallest and most remote countries on Earth; six of the 9 coral atolls - Nanumea, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae - have lagoons open to the ocean; Nanumaya and Niutao have landlocked lagoons; Niulakita does not have a lagoon
UgandaUganda landlocked; fertile, well-watered country z many lakes and rivers
UkrainaUkraina strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country w Europe
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point dla world crude oil
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania lies near vital North Atlantic sea lanes; only 35 km from Francja and linked by tunnel under the English Channel; because of heavily indented coastline, no location is more than 125 km from tidal waters
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone world's third-largest country by size (after Rosja and Kanada) and by population (after Chiny and Indie); Mt. McKinley is highest point w North America and Death Valley the lowest point on the continent
Stany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife RefugesStany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges Baker, Howland, and Jarviss: scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat dla seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife


Johnston: Johnston Island and Sand Island are natural islands, which have been expanded by coral dredging; North Island (Akau) and East Island (Hikina) are manmade islands formed from coral dredging; the egg-shaped reef is 34 km w circumference


Kingman: barren coral atoll z deep interior lagoon; closed to the public


Midway: a coral atoll managed as a national wildlife refuge and open to the public dla wildlife-related recreation w the form of wildlife observation and photography


Palmyra: the high rainfall and resulting lush vegetation make the environment of this atoll unique among the US Pacific Island territories; it supports one of the largest remaining undisturbed stands of Pisonia beach forest w the Pacific
UrugwajUrugwaj second-smallest South American country (after Surinam); most of the low-lying landscape (three-quarters of the country) is grassland, ideal dla cattle and sheep raising
UzbekistanUzbekistan along z Liechtenstein, one of the only two doubly landlocked countries w the world
VanuatuVanuatu a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes
WenezuelaWenezuela on major sea and air routes linking North and South America; Angel Falls w the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall
WietnamWietnam extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point
Wyspy DziewiczeWyspy Dziewicze important location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane dla the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural deepwater harbors w the Caribbean
WakeWake strategic location w the North Ocean Spokojny; emergency landing location dla transpacific flights
Wallis i FutunaWallis i Futuna both island groups have fringing reefs
Zachodni BrzegZachodni Brzeg landlocked; highlands are main recharge area dla Izrael's coastal aquifers; there are 242 Zachodni Brzeg settlements and 29 East Jerusalem settlements w addition to at least 20 occupied outposts (sierpien 2005 est.)
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia the waters off the coast are particularly rich fishing areas
SwiatSwiat the world is now thought to be about 4.55 billion years old, just about one-third of the 13.7-billion-year age estimated dla the universe
JemenJemen strategic location on Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes
ZambiaZambia landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary z Zimbabwe
ZimbabweZimbabwe landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary z Zambia; w full flood (February-April) the massive Victoria Falls on the river forms the world's largest curtain of falling water
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