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Konstytucja (2008)

Konstytucja - wybierz rok:
- Konstytucja (2001) (porownaj)
- Konstytucja (2002) (porownaj)
- Konstytucja (2003) (porownaj)
- Konstytucja (2004) (porownaj)
- Konstytucja (2005) (porownaj)
- Konstytucja (2006) (porownaj)
- Konstytucja (2007) (porownaj)


Informacje o Konstytucja w 2008 rok

AfganistanAfganistan new constitution drafted 14 grudzien 2003-4 styczen 2004; signed 16 styczen 2004
AkrotiriAkrotiri Sovereign Base Terytoriums of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order w Council 1960, effective 16 sierpien 1960, functions as a basic legal document
AlbaniaAlbania adopted by popular referendum on 22 listopad 1998; promulgated 28 listopad 1998
AlgieriaAlgieria 8 wrzesien 1963; revised 19 listopad 1976, effective 22 listopad 1976; revised 3 listopad 1988, 23 luty 1989, and 28 listopad 1996
Samoa AmerykanskieSamoa Amerykanskie ratified 2 czerwiec 1966, effective 1 lipiec 1967
AndoraAndora Andora's first written constitution was drafted w 1991, approved by referendum 14 marzec 1993, effective 28 kwiecien 1993
AngolaAngola adopted by People's Assembly 25 sierpien 1992
AnguillaAnguilla Anguilla Konstytucjaal Order 1 kwiecien 1982; amended 1990
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda 1 listopad 1981
ArgentynaArgentyna 1 maj 1853; amended many times starting w 1860
ArmeniaArmenia adopted by nationwide referendum 5 lipiec 1995; amendments adopted through a nationwide referendum 27 listopad 2005
ArubaAruba 1 styczen 1986
AustraliaAustralia 9 lipiec 1900, effective 1 styczen 1901
AustriaAustria 1920; revised 1929; reinstated 1 maj 1945; note - during the period 1 maj 1934-1 maj 1945 there was a fascist (corporative) constitution w place
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan adopted 12 listopad 1995
BahamyBahamy 10 lipiec 1973
BahrajnBahrajn adopted 14 luty 2002
BangladeszBangladesz 4 listopad 1972, effective 16 grudzien 1972; suspended following coup of 24 marzec 1982, restored 10 listopad 1986; amended many times
BarbadosBarbados 30 listopad 1966
BialorusBialorus 15 marzec 1994; revised by national referendum of 24 listopad 1996 giving the presidency greatly expanded powers and became effective 27 listopad 1996; revised again 17 pazdziernik 2004 removing presidential term limits
BelgiaBelgia 7 luty 1831; amended many times; revised 14 lipiec 1993 to create a federal state
BelizeBelize 21 wrzesien 1981
BeninBenin adopted by referendum 2 grudzien 1990
BermudyBermudy 8 czerwiec 1968; amended 1989 and 2003
BhutanBhutan none; note - a draft constitution was unveiled w marzec 2005 and is expected to be adopted following the election of a new National Assembly w 2008
BoliwiaBoliwia 2 luty 1967; revised w sierpien 1994; possible referendum on new constitution to be held w 2008
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina the Dayton Agreement, signed 14 grudzien 1995 w Paris, included a new constitution now w force; note - each of the entities also has its own constitution
BotswanaBotswana marzec 1965, effective 30 wrzesien 1966
BrazyliaBrazylia 5 pazdziernik 1988
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze 13 czerwiec 2007
BruneiBrunei 29 wrzesien 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since grudzien 1962, others since independence on 1 styczen 1984)
BulgariaBulgaria adopted 12 lipiec 1991
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 2 czerwiec 1991 approved by referendum, 11 czerwiec 1991 formally adopted; last amended styczen 2002
BirmaBirma 3 styczen 1974; suspended since 18 wrzesien 1988; national convention convened w 1993 to establish principles to guide w the drafting of a new constitution concluded w 2007; it did not include participation of major democratic and ethnic majority representatives; a constitutional drafting committee appointed by the junta began meeting w grudzien 2007
BurundiBurundi 28 luty 2005; ratified by popular referendum
KambodzaKambodza promulgated 21 wrzesien 1993
KamerunKamerun 20 maj 1972 approved by referendum, adopted 2 czerwiec 1972; revised styczen 1996
KanadaKanada made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Konstytucja Act of 29 marzec 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Konstytucja Act of 17 kwiecien 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Kanada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures dla constitutional amendments
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka 25 wrzesien 1992; a major revision on 23 listopad 1995 substantially increased the powers of the president; a 1999 revision created the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)
KajmanyKajmany 1959; revised 1962, 1972, and 1994
Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie ratified by popular referendum 5 grudzien 2004; effective 27 grudzien 2004
CzadCzad passed by referendum 31 marzec 1996; a czerwiec 2005 referendum removed constitutional term limits
ChileChile 11 wrzesien 1980, effective 11 marzec 1981; amended 1989, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, and 2005
ChinyChiny most recent promulgation 4 grudzien 1982
Wyspa Bozego NarodzeniaWyspa Bozego Narodzenia Wyspa Bozego Narodzenia Act of 1958-59 (1 pazdziernik 1958) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
Wyspy KokosoweWyspy Kokosowe Wyspy Kokosowe Act of 1955 (23 listopad 1955) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
KolumbiaKolumbia 5 lipiec 1991; amended many times
KomoryKomory 23 grudzien 2001
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna 18 luty 2006
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika approved by referendum 20 styczen 2002
Wyspy CookaWyspy Cooka 4 sierpien 1965
KostarykaKostaryka 7 listopad 1949
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire approved by referendum 23 lipiec 2000
ChorwacjaChorwacja adopted on 22 grudzien 1990; revised 2000, 2001
KubaKuba 24 luty 1976; amended lipiec 1992 and czerwiec 2002
CyprCypr 16 sierpien 1960


note: from grudzien 1963, the Turkish Cypriots no longer participated w the government; negotiations to create the basis dla a new or revised constitution to govern the island and dla better relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots have been held intermittently since the mid-1960s; w 1975, following the 1974 Turkish intervention, Turkish Cypriots created their own constitution and governing bodies within the "Turkish Federated State of Cypr," which became the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cypr (TRNC)" when the Turkish Cypriots declared their independence w 1983; a new constitution dla the "TRNC" passed by referendum on 5 maj 1985, although the "TRNC" remains unrecognized by any country other than Turcja
CzechyCzechy ratified 16 grudzien 1992, effective 1 styczen 1993
DaniaDania 5 czerwiec 1953 constitution allowed dla a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state
DhekeliaDhekelia Sovereign Base Terytoriums of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order w Council 1960, effective 16 sierpien 1960, functions as a basic legal document
DzibutiDzibuti multiparty constitution approved by referendum 4 wrzesien 1992
DominikaDominika 3 listopad 1978
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska 28 listopad 1966; amended 25 lipiec 2002
EkwadorEkwador 10 sierpien 1998
EgiptEgipt 11 wrzesien 1971; amended 22 maj 1980, 25 maj 2005, and 26 marzec 2007
SalwadorSalwador 20 grudzien 1983
Gwinea RównikowaGwinea Równikowa approved by national referendum 17 listopad 1991; amended styczen 1995
ErytreaErytrea a transitional constitution, decreed on 19 maj 1993, was replaced by a new constitution adopted on 23 maj 1997, but not yet implemented
EstoniaEstonia adopted 28 czerwiec 1992
EtiopiaEtiopia ratified 8 grudzien 1994, effective 22 sierpien 1995
Unia EuropejskaUnia Europejska based on a series of treaties: the Treaty of Paris, which set up the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) w 1951; the Treaties of Rome, which set up the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) w 1957; the Single European Act w 1986; the Treaty on Unia Europejska (Maastricht) w 1992; the Treaty of Amsterdam w 1997; and the Treaty of Nice w 2003; note - a new draft Konstytucjaal Treaty, signed on 29 pazdziernik 2004 w Rome, gave member states two years dla ratification either by parliamentary vote or national referendum before it was scheduled to take effect on 1 listopad 2006; defeat w French and Dutch referenda w maj-czerwiec 2005 dealt a severe setback to the ratification process; w czerwiec 2007, the European Council agreed on a clear and concise mandate dla an Intergovernmental Conference to form a political agreement and put it into legal form; this agreement, known as the Reform Treaty, is to serve as a constitution and will be presented to the European Council w pazdziernik 2007, w order to begin the ratification process
FalklandyFalklandy 3 pazdziernik 1985; amended 1997 and 1998
Wyspy OwczeWyspy Owcze 5 czerwiec 1953 (Danish constitution)
FidziFidzi enacted on 25 lipiec 1997 to encourage multiculturalism and make multiparty government mandatory; effective 28 lipiec 1998
FinlandiaFinlandia 1 marzec 2000
FrancjaFrancja adopted by referendum 28 wrzesien 1958, effective 4 pazdziernik 1958


note: amended concerning election of president w 1962; amended to comply z provisions of 1992 EC Maastricht Treaty, 1997 Amsterdam Treaty, 2003 Treaty of Nice; amended to tighten immigration laws w 1993; amended w 2000 to change the seven-year presidential term to a five-year term; amended w 2005 to make the EU constitutional treaty compatible z the Konstytucja of Francja and to ensure that the decision to ratify EU accession treaties would be made by referendum
Polinezja FrancuskaPolinezja Francuska 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
GabonGabon adopted 14 marzec 1991
GambiaGambia approved by national referendum 8 sierpien 1996; effective 16 styczen 1997
GeorgiaGeorgia adopted 24 sierpien 1995
NiemcyNiemcy 23 maj 1949, known as Basic Law; became constitution of the united Niemcy 3 pazdziernik 1990
GhanaGhana approved 28 kwiecien 1992
GibraltarGibraltar 5 czerwiec 2006; came into force 2 styczen 2007
GrecjaGrecja 11 czerwiec 1975; amended marzec 1986 and kwiecien 2001
GrenlandiaGrenlandia 5 czerwiec 1953 (Danish constitution)
GrenadaGrenada 19 grudzien 1973
GuamGuam Organic Act of Guam, 1 sierpien 1950
GwatemalaGwatemala 31 maj 1985, effective 14 styczen 1986; note - suspended 25 maj 1993 by former President Jorge SERRANO; reinstated 5 czerwiec 1993 following ouster of president; amended listopad 1993
GuernseyGuernsey unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
GwineaGwinea 23 grudzien 1990 (Loi Fundamentale)
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau 16 maj 1984; amended 4 maj 1991, 4 grudzien 1991, 26 luty 1993, 9 czerwiec 1993, and w 1996
GujanaGujana 6 pazdziernik 1980
HaitiHaiti approved marzec 1987; suspended czerwiec 1988 z most articles reinstated marzec 1989; constitutional government ousted w a military coup w wrzesien 1991, although w pazdziernik 1991, military government claimed to be observing the constitution; returned to constitutional rule w pazdziernik 1994; constitution, while technically w force between 2004-2006, was not enforced; returned to constitutional rule w maj 2006
WatykanWatykan new Fundamental Law promulgated by Pope JOHN PAUL II on 26 listopad 2000, effective 22 luty 2001 (replaces the first Fundamental Law of 1929)
HondurasHonduras 11 styczen 1982, effective 20 styczen 1982; amended many times
Hong KongHong Kong Basic Law, approved w marzec 1990 by Chiny's National People's Congress, is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
WegryWegry 18 sierpien 1949, effective 20 sierpien 1949; revised 19 kwiecien 1972; 18 pazdziernik 1989 revision ensured legal rights dla individuals and constitutional checks on the authority of the prime minister and also established the principle of parliamentary oversight; 1997 amendment streamlined the judicial system
IslandiaIslandia 16 czerwiec 1944, effective 17 czerwiec 1944; amended many times
IndieIndie 26 styczen 1950; amended many times
IndonezjaIndonezja sierpien 1945; abrogated by Federal Konstytucja of 1949 and Provisional Konstytucja of 1950, restored 5 lipiec 1959; series of amendments concluded w 2002
IranIran 2-3 grudzien 1979; revised 1989 to expand powers of the presidency and eliminate the prime ministership
IrakIrak ratified on 15 pazdziernik 2005 (subject to review by the Konstytucjaal Review Committee and a possible public referendum )
IrlandiaIrlandia adopted 1 lipiec 1937 by plebiscite; effective 29 grudzien 1937
Wyspa ManWyspa Man unwritten; note - The Wyspa Man Konstytucja Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Konstytucja
IzraelIzrael no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Izraeli citizenship law; note - since maj 2003 the Konstytucja, Law, and Justice Committee of the Knesset has been working on a draft constitution
WlochyWlochy passed 11 grudzien 1947, effective 1 styczen 1948; amended many times
JamajkaJamajka 6 sierpien 1962
JaponiaJaponia 3 maj 1947
JerseyJersey unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
JordaniaJordania 1 styczen 1952; amended many times
KazachstanKazachstan first post-independence constitution adopted 28 styczen 1993; new constitution adopted by national referendum 30 sierpien 1995
KeniaKenia 12 grudzien 1963; amended as a republic 1964; reissued z amendments 1979, 1982, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1997, 2001; note - a new draft constitution was defeated by popular referendum w 2005
KiribatiKiribati 12 lipiec 1979
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea adopted 1948; completely revised 27 grudzien 1972, revised again w kwiecien 1992, and wrzesien 1998
Poludniowa KoreaPoludniowa Korea 17 lipiec 1948; note - amended or rewritten nine times; current constitution approved on 29 pazdziernik 1987
KosowoKosowo Konstytucjaal Framework of 2001; note - the Kosowo Government is charged z putting forward an AHTISAARI (UN Special Envoy) Plan-compliant draft of a new constitution soon after independence
KuwejtKuwejt approved and promulgated 11 listopad 1962
KirgistanKirgistan adopted 5 maj 1993; note - amendment proposed by President Askar AKAYEV and passed w a national referendum on 2 luty 2003 significantly expanded the powers of the president at the expense of the legislature; during large-scale demonstrations w listopad 2006, President BAKIYEV and the opposition negotiated a new constitution granting greater powers to the parliament and the government; amendments added on 30 grudzien 2006 redistributed some power back to the president, but both listopad and grudzien 2006 versions were annulled w wrzesien 2007, and a new version was approved by referendum on 21 pazdziernik 2007; the BAKIYEV-initiated referendum was criticized by Western observers dla voting irregularities, particularly ballot stuffing
LaosLaos promulgated 14 sierpien 1991
LotwaLotwa 15 luty 1922; restored to force by the Konstytucjaal Law of the Republic of Lotwa adopted by the Supreme Council on 21 sierpien 1991; multiple amendments since
LibanLiban 23 maj 1926; amended a number of times, most recently Charter of Lebanese National Reconciliation (Ta'if Accord) of pazdziernik 1989
LesothoLesotho 2 kwiecien 1993
LiberiaLiberia 6 styczen 1986
LibiaLibia none; note - following the wrzesien 1969 military overthrow of the Libian government, the Revolutionary Command Council replaced the existing constitution z the Konstytucjaal Proclamation w grudzien 1969; w marzec 1977, Libia adopted the Declaration of the Establishment of the People's Authority
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein 5 pazdziernik 1921
LitwaLitwa adopted 25 pazdziernik 1992
LuksemburgLuksemburg 17 pazdziernik 1868; occasional revisions
MakauMakau Basic Law, approved on 31 marzec 1993 by Chiny's National People's Congress, is Makau's "mini-constitution"
MacedoniaMacedonia adopted 17 listopad 1991, effective 20 listopad 1991; amended listopad 2001 by a series of new constitutional amendments strengthening minority rights and w 2005 z amendments related to the judiciary
MadagaskarMadagaskar 19 sierpien 1992 by national referendum
MalawiMalawi 18 maj 1994
MalezjaMalezja 31 sierpien 1957 (amended many times, latest w 2007)
MalediwyMalediwy adopted 1 styczen 1998
MaliMali adopted 12 styczen 1992
MaltaMalta 1964 constitution; amended many times
Wyspy MarshallaWyspy Marshalla 1 maj 1979
MauretaniaMauretania 12 lipiec 1991
MauritiusMauritius 12 marzec 1968; amended 12 marzec 1992
MajottaMajotta 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
MeksykMeksyk 5 luty 1917
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji 10 maj 1979
MoldawiaMoldawia new constitution adopted 29 lipiec 1994, effective 27 sierpien 1994; replaced old Soviet constitution of 1979
MonakoMonako 17 grudzien 1962
MongoliaMongolia 12 luty 1992
CzarnogoraCzarnogora 19 pazdziernik 2007 (was approved by the Assembly)
MontserratMontserrat effective 19 grudzien 1989
MarokoMaroko 10 marzec 1972; revised 4 wrzesien 1992, amended (to create bicameral legislature) wrzesien 1996
MozambikMozambik 30 listopad 1990
NamibiaNamibia ratified 9 luty 1990, effective 12 marzec 1990
NauruNauru 29 styczen 1968; amended 17 maj 1968 (Konstytucja Day)
NepalNepal 9 listopad 1990; note - a new interim constitution was promulgated w styczen 2007; the listopad 2006 peace agreement calls dla the election of a constituent assembly to draft a new permanent constitution
HolandiaHolandia adopted 1815; amended many times, most recently w 2002
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie 29 grudzien 1954, Statute of the Realm of the Holandia, as amended
Nowa KaledoniaNowa Kaledonia 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia consists of a series of legal documents, including certain acts of the UK and Nowa Zelandia Parliaments, as well as The Konstytucja Act 1986, which is the principal formal charter; adopted 1 styczen 1987, effective 1 styczen 1987
NikaraguaNikaragua 9 styczen 1987; reforms w 1995, 2000, and 2005
NigerNiger new constitution adopted 18 lipiec 1999
NigeriaNigeria new constitution adopted 5 maj 1999; effective 29 maj 1999
NiueNiue 19 pazdziernik 1974 (Niue Konstytucja Act)
Wyspa NorfolkWyspa Norfolk Wyspa Norfolk Act of 1979, as amended w 2005
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne Konstytucja of the Commonwealth of the Mariany Polnocne effective 1 styczen 1978; Covenant Agreement fully effective 4 listopad 1986
NorwegiaNorwegia 17 maj 1814; amended many times
OmanOman none; note - on 6 listopad 1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a basic law considered by the government to be a constitution which, among other things, clarifies the royal succession, provides dla a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests w companies doing business z the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties dla Omani citizens
PakistanPakistan 12 kwiecien 1973; suspended 5 lipiec 1977, restored z amendments 30 grudzien 1985; suspended 15 pazdziernik 1999, restored w stages w 2002; amended 31 grudzien 2003; suspended 3 listopad 2007; restored z amendments on 15 grudzien 2007
PalauPalau 1 styczen 1981
PanamaPanama 11 pazdziernik 1972; major reforms adopted 1978, 1983, 1994, and 2004
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea 16 wrzesien 1975
ParagwajParagwaj promulgated 20 czerwiec 1992
PeruPeru 29 grudzien 1993
FilipinyFilipiny 2 luty 1987, effective 11 luty 1987
PitcairnPitcairn 30 listopad 1838; reformed 1904 z additional reforms w 1940; further refined by the Local Government Ordinance of 1964
PolskaPolska adopted by the National Assembly 2 kwiecien 1997; passed by national referendum 25 maj 1997; effective 17 pazdziernik 1997
PortugaliaPortugalia adopted 2 kwiecien 1976; effective 25 kwiecien 1976; revised many times
PortorykoPortoryko ratified 3 marzec 1952; approved by US Congress 3 lipiec 1952; effective 25 lipiec 1952
KatarKatar ratified by public referendum on 29 kwiecien 2003, endorsed by the Amir on 8 czerwiec 2004, effective on 9 czerwiec 2005
RumuniaRumunia 8 grudzien 1991; revision effective 29 pazdziernik 2003
RosjaRosja adopted 12 grudzien 1993
RuandaRuanda new constitution passed by referendum 26 maj 2003
Saint-BarthelemySaint-Barthelemy 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Swieta HelenaSwieta Helena 1 styczen 1989
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis 19 wrzesien 1983
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 22 luty 1979
Saint MartinSaint Martin 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Saint-Pierre i MiquelonSaint-Pierre i Miquelon 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny 27 pazdziernik 1979
SamoaSamoa 1 styczen 1962
San MarinoSan Marino 8 pazdziernik 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca approved marzec 1990, effective 10 wrzesien 1990
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska governed according to Islamic law; the Basic Law that articulates the government's rights and responsibilities was promulgated by royal decree w 1992
SenegalSenegal adopted 7 styczen 2001
SerbiaSerbia adopted 8 listopad 2006; effective 10 listopad 2006
SeszeleSeszele 18 czerwiec 1993
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 1 pazdziernik 1991; subsequently amended several times
SingapurSingapur 3 czerwiec 1959; amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapur Konstytucja)
SlowacjaSlowacja ratified 1 wrzesien 1992, effective 1 styczen 1993; changed w wrzesien 1998 to allow direct election of the president; amended luty 2001 to allow Slowacja to apply dla NATO and EU membership
SloweniaSlowenia adopted 23 grudzien 1991
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona 7 lipiec 1978
SomaliaSomalia 25 sierpien 1979, presidential approval 23 wrzesien 1979


note: the formation of transitional governing institutions, known as the Transitional Federal Government, is currently ongoing
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki 10 grudzien 1996; this new constitution was certified by the Konstytucjaal Court on 4 grudzien 1996, was signed by then President MANDELA on 10 grudzien 1996, and entered into effect on 4 luty 1997; it is being implemented w phases
HiszpaniaHiszpania approved by legislature 31 pazdziernik 1978; passed by referendum 6 grudzien 1978, effective 29 grudzien 1978
Sri LankaSri Lanka adopted 16 sierpien 1978, certified 31 sierpien 1978
SudanSudan constitution implemented on 30 czerwiec 1998, partially suspended 12 grudzien 1999 by President BASHIR; under the CPA, Interim National Konstytucja ratified 5 lipiec 2005; Konstytucja of Southern Sudan signed grudzien 2005
SurinamSurinam ratified 30 wrzesien 1987; effective 30 pazdziernik 1987
SuaziSuazi signed by the King w lipiec 2005 went into effect on 8 luty 2006
SzwecjaSzwecja 1 styczen 1975
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria revision of Konstytucja of 1874 approved by the Federal Parliament 18 grudzien 1998, adopted by referendum 18 kwiecien 1999, officially entered into force 1 styczen 2000
SyriaSyria 13 marzec 1973
TajwanTajwan 25 grudzien 1947; amended w 1992, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2005


note: constitution adopted on 25 grudzien 1946; went into effect on 25 grudzien 1947
TadzykistanTadzykistan 6 listopad 1994
TanzaniaTanzania 25 kwiecien 1977; major revisions pazdziernik 1984
TajlandiaTajlandia constitution signed by King PHUMIPHON (BHUMIBOL) on 24 sierpien 2007
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni 22 marzec 2002 (based on the Portuguese model)
TogoTogo multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 lipiec 1992, adopted by public referendum 27 wrzesien 1992
TokelauTokelau administered under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948; amended w 1970
TongaTonga 4 listopad 1875; revised 1 styczen 1967
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago 1 sierpien 1976
TunezjaTunezja 1 czerwiec 1959; amended 1988, 2002
TurcjaTurcja 7 listopad 1982
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan adopted 18 maj 1992
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos Turks i Caicos Konstytucja Order 2006 (effective 9 sierpien 2006)
TuvaluTuvalu 1 pazdziernik 1978
UgandaUganda 8 pazdziernik 1995; w 2005 the constitution was amended removing presidential term limits and legalizing a multiparty political system
UkrainaUkraina adopted 28 czerwiec 1996
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie 2 grudzien 1971; made permanent w 1996
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone 17 wrzesien 1787, effective 4 marzec 1789
UrugwajUrugwaj 27 listopad 1966, effective 15 luty 1967; suspended 27 czerwiec 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 listopad 1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 listopad 1989 and 7 styczen 1997
UzbekistanUzbekistan adopted 8 grudzien 1992
VanuatuVanuatu 30 lipiec 1980
WenezuelaWenezuela 30 grudzien 1999
WietnamWietnam 15 kwiecien 1992
Wyspy DziewiczeWyspy Dziewicze Revised Organic Act of 22 lipiec 1954
Wallis i FutunaWallis i Futuna 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
JemenJemen 16 maj 1991; amended 29 wrzesien 1994 and luty 2001
ZambiaZambia 24 sierpien 1991; amended w 1996 to establish presidential term limits
ZimbabweZimbabwe 21 grudzien 1979
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