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Klimat (2008)

Klimat - wybierz rok:
- Klimat (2001) (porownaj)
- Klimat (2002) (porownaj)
- Klimat (2003) (porownaj)
- Klimat (2004) (porownaj)
- Klimat (2005) (porownaj)
- Klimat (2006) (porownaj)
- Klimat (2007) (porownaj)


Informacje o Klimat w 2008 rok

AfganistanAfganistan arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
AkrotiriAkrotiri temperate; Mediterranean z hot, dry summers and cool winters
AlbaniaAlbania mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
AlgieriaAlgieria arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters z hot, dry summers along coast; drier z cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common w summer
Samoa AmerykanskieSamoa Amerykanskie tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (listopad to kwiecien), dry season (maj to pazdziernik); little seasonal temperature variation
AndoraAndora temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
AngolaAngola semiarid w south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (maj to pazdziernik) and hot, rainy season (listopad to kwiecien)
AnguillaAnguilla tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
AntarktydaAntarktyda severe low temperatures vary z latitude, elevation, and distance from the ocean; East Antarktyda is colder than West Antarktyda because of its higher elevation; Antarctic Peninsula has the most moderate climate; higher temperatures occur w styczen along the coast and average slightly below freezing
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation
Ocean ArktycznyOcean Arktyczny polar climate characterized by persistent cold and relatively narrow annual temperature ranges; winters characterized by continuous darkness, cold and stable weather conditions, and clear skies; summers characterized by continuous daylight, damp and foggy weather, and weak cyclones z rain or snow
ArgentynaArgentyna mostly temperate; arid w southeast; subantarctic w southwest
ArmeniaArmenia highland continental, hot summers, cold winters
ArubaAruba tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Wyspy Ashmore i CartieraWyspy Ashmore i Cartiera tropical
Ocean AtlantyckiOcean Atlantycki tropical cyclones (hurricanes) develop off the coast of Africa near Republika Zielonego Przyladka and move westward into the Caribbean Sea; hurricanes can occur from maj to grudzien, but are most frequent from sierpien to listopad
AustraliaAustralia generally arid to semiarid; temperate w south and east; tropical w north
AustriaAustria temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters z frequent rain and some snow w lowlands and snow w mountains; moderate summers z occasional showers
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan dry, semiarid steppe
BahamyBahamy tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream
BahrajnBahrajn arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Wyspa BakerWyspa Baker equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
BangladeszBangladesz tropical; mild winter (pazdziernik to marzec); hot, humid summer (marzec to czerwiec); humid, warm rainy monsoon (czerwiec to pazdziernik)
BarbadosBarbados tropical; rainy season (czerwiec to pazdziernik)
BialorusBialorus cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
BelgiaBelgia temperate; mild winters, cool summers; rainy, humid, cloudy
BelizeBelize tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (maj to listopad); dry season (luty to maj)
BeninBenin tropical; hot, humid w south; semiarid w north
BermudyBermudy subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common w winter
BhutanBhutan varies; tropical w southern plains; cool winters and hot summers w central valleys; severe winters and cool summers w Himalayas
BoliwiaBoliwia varies z altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
BotswanaBotswana semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Wyspa BouvetaWyspa Bouveta antarctic
BrazyliaBrazylia mostly tropical, but temperate w south
Brytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu IndyjskiegoBrytyjskie Terytorium Oceanu Indyjskiego tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze subtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds
BruneiBrunei tropical; hot, humid, rainy
BulgariaBulgaria temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
BirmaBirma tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, czerwiec to wrzesien); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, grudzien to kwiecien)
BurundiBurundi equatorial; high plateau z considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies z altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (luty to maj and wrzesien to listopad), and two dry seasons (czerwiec to sierpien and grudzien to styczen)
KambodzaKambodza tropical; rainy, monsoon season (maj to listopad); dry season (grudzien to kwiecien); little seasonal temperature variation
KamerunKamerun varies z terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot w north
KanadaKanada varies from temperate w south to subarctic and arctic w north
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic
KajmanyKajmany tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (maj to pazdziernik) and cool, relatively dry winters (listopad to kwiecien)
Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers
CzadCzad tropical w south, desert w north
ChileChile temperate; desert w north; Mediterranean w central region; cool and damp w south
ChinyChiny extremely diverse; tropical w south to subarctic w north
Wyspa Bozego NarodzeniaWyspa Bozego Narodzenia tropical z a wet season (grudzien to kwiecien) and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
ClippertonClipperton tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, wet season (maj to pazdziernik)
Wyspy KokosoweWyspy Kokosowe tropical z high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds dla about nine months of the rok
KolumbiaKolumbia tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler w highlands
KomoryKomory tropical marine; rainy season (listopad to maj)
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna tropical; hot and humid w equatorial river basin; cooler and drier w southern highlands; cooler and wetter w eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season (kwiecien to pazdziernik), dry season (grudzien to luty); south of Equator - wet season (listopad to marzec), dry season (kwiecien to pazdziernik)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika tropical; rainy season (marzec to czerwiec); dry season (czerwiec to pazdziernik); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
Wyspy CookaWyspy Cooka tropical oceanic; moderated by trade winds; a dry season from kwiecien to listopad and a more humid season from grudzien to marzec
Wyspy Morza KoralowegoWyspy Morza Koralowego tropical
KostarykaKostaryka tropical and subtropical; dry season (grudzien to kwiecien); rainy season (maj to listopad); cooler w highlands
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire tropical along coast, semiarid w far north; three seasons - warm and dry (listopad to marzec), hot and dry (marzec to maj), hot and wet (czerwiec to pazdziernik)
ChorwacjaChorwacja Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant z hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
KubaKuba tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (listopad to kwiecien); rainy season (maj to pazdziernik)
CyprCypr temperate; Mediterranean z hot, dry summers and cool winters
CzechyCzechy temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
DaniaDania temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
DhekeliaDhekelia temperate; Mediterranean z hot, dry summers and cool winters
DzibutiDzibuti desert; torrid, dry
DominikaDominika tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation w rainfall
EkwadorEkwador tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical w Amazonian jungle lowlands
EgiptEgipt desert; hot, dry summers z moderate winters
SalwadorSalwador tropical; rainy season (maj to pazdziernik); dry season (listopad to kwiecien); tropical on coast; temperate w uplands
Gwinea RównikowaGwinea Równikowa tropical; always hot, humid
ErytreaErytrea hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter w the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest czerwiec to wrzesien); semiarid w western hills and lowlands
EstoniaEstonia maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers
EtiopiaEtiopia tropical monsoon z wide topographic-induced variation
Unia EuropejskaUnia Europejska cold temperate; potentially subarctic w the north to temperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers w the south
FalklandyFalklandy cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days w year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches w Stanley; occasional snow all year, except w styczen and luty, but does not accumulate
Wyspy OwczeWyspy Owcze mild winters, cool summers; usually overcast; foggy, windy
FidziFidzi tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
FinlandiaFinlandia cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
FrancjaFrancja metropolitan Francja: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral


Gujana Francuska: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation


Gwadelupa and Martynika: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (czerwiec to pazdziernik); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average


Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates z elevation; cool and dry (maj to listopad), hot and rainy (listopad to kwiecien)
Polinezja FrancuskaPolinezja Francuska tropical, but moderate
Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i AntarktyczneFrancuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne Ile Amsterdam et Ile Saint-Paul: oceanic z persistent westerly winds and high humidity


Iles Crozet: windy, cold, wet, and cloudy


Iles Kerguelen: oceanic, cold, overcast, windy


Wyspy Rozproszone: tropical
GabonGabon tropical; always hot, humid
GambiaGambia tropical; hot, rainy season (czerwiec to listopad); cooler, dry season (listopad to maj)
GazaGaza temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers
GeorgiaGeorgia warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
NiemcyNiemcy temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind
GhanaGhana tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid w southwest; hot and dry w north
GibraltarGibraltar Mediterranean z mild winters and warm summers
GrecjaGrecja temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
GrenlandiaGrenlandia arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters
GrenadaGrenada tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
GuamGuam tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (styczen to czerwiec), rainy season (lipiec to grudzien); little seasonal temperature variation
GwatemalaGwatemala tropical; hot, humid w lowlands; cooler w highlands
GuernseyGuernsey temperate z mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
GwineaGwinea generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (czerwiec to listopad) z southwesterly winds; dry season (grudzien to maj) z northeasterly harmattan winds
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (czerwiec to listopad) z southwesterly winds; dry season (grudzien to maj) z northeasterly harmattan winds
GujanaGujana tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (maj to sierpien, listopad to styczen)
HaitiHaiti tropical; semiarid where mountains w east cut off trade winds
Wyspy Heard i McDonaldaWyspy Heard i McDonalda antarctic
WatykanWatykan temperate; mild, rainy winters (wrzesien to maj) z hot, dry summers (maj to wrzesien)
HondurasHonduras subtropical w lowlands, temperate w mountains
Hong KongHong Kong subtropical monsoon; cool and humid w winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny w fall
HowlandHowland equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
WegryWegry temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
IslandiaIslandia temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers
IndieIndie varies from tropical monsoon w south to temperate w north
Ocean IndyjskiOcean Indyjski northeast monsoon (grudzien to kwiecien), southwest monsoon (czerwiec to pazdziernik); tropical cyclones occur during maj/czerwiec and pazdziernik/listopad w the northern Ocean Indyjski and styczen/luty w the southern Ocean Indyjski
IndonezjaIndonezja tropical; hot, humid; more moderate w highlands
IranIran mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
IrakIrak mostly desert; mild to cool winters z dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters z occasionally heavy snows that melt w early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding w central and southern Irak
IrlandiaIrlandia temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time
Wyspa ManWyspa Man temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time
IzraelIzrael temperate; hot and dry w southern and eastern desert areas
WlochyWlochy predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine w far north; hot, dry w south
JamajkaJamajka tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior
Jan majenJan majen arctic maritime z frequent storms and persistent fog
JaponiaJaponia varies from tropical w south to cool temperate w north
JarvisJarvis tropical; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
JerseyJersey temperate; mild winters and cool summers
JohnstonJohnston tropical, but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds z little seasonal temperature variation
JordaniaJordania mostly arid desert; rainy season w west (listopad to kwiecien)
KazachstanKazachstan continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid
KeniaKenia varies from tropical along coast to arid w interior
KingmanKingman tropical; moderated by prevailing winds
KiribatiKiribati tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea temperate z rainfall concentrated w summer
Poludniowa KoreaPoludniowa Korea temperate, z rainfall heavier w summer than winter
KosowoKosowo influenced by continental air masses resulting w relatively cold winters z heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns; Mediterranean and alpine influences create regional variation; maximum rainfall between pazdziernik and grudzien
KuwejtKuwejt dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
KirgistanKirgistan dry continental to polar w high Tien Shan; subtropical w southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate w northern foothill zone
LaosLaos tropical monsoon; rainy season (maj to listopad); dry season (grudzien to kwiecien)
LotwaLotwa maritime; wet, moderate winters
LibanLiban Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters z hot, dry summers; Liban mountains experience heavy winter snows
LesothoLesotho temperate; cool to cold, dry winters; hot, wet summers
LiberiaLiberia tropical; hot, humid; dry winters z hot days and cool to cold nights; wet, cloudy summers z frequent heavy showers
LibiaLibia Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein continental; cold, cloudy winters z frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
LitwaLitwa transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
LuksemburgLuksemburg modified continental z mild winters, cool summers
MakauMakau subtropical; marine z cool winters, warm summers
MacedoniaMacedonia warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters z heavy snowfall
MadagaskarMadagaskar tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid w south
MalawiMalawi sub-tropical; rainy season (listopad to maj); dry season (maj to listopad)
MalezjaMalezja tropical; annual southwest (kwiecien to pazdziernik) and northeast (pazdziernik to luty) monsoons
MalediwyMalediwy tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (listopad to marzec); rainy, southwest monsoon (czerwiec to sierpien)
MaliMali subtropical to arid; hot and dry (luty to czerwiec); rainy, humid, and mild (czerwiec to listopad); cool and dry (listopad to luty)
MaltaMalta Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
Wyspy MarshallaWyspy Marshalla tropical; hot and humid; wet season maj to listopad; islands border typhoon belt
MauretaniaMauretania desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
MauritiusMauritius tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (maj to listopad); hot, wet, humid summer (listopad to maj)
MajottaMajotta tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (listopad to maj); dry season is cooler (maj to listopad)
MeksykMeksyk varies from tropical to desert
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially w the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt z occasionally severe damage
MidwayMidway subtropical; moderated by prevailing easterly winds
MoldawiaMoldawia moderate winters, warm summers
MonakoMonako Mediterranean z mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
MongoliaMongolia desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
CzarnogoraCzarnogora Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters z heavy snowfalls inland
MontserratMontserrat tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation
MarokoMaroko Mediterranean, becoming more extreme w the interior
MozambikMozambik tropical to subtropical
NamibiaNamibia desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
NauruNauru tropical z a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (listopad to luty)
NavassaNavassa marine, tropical
NepalNepal varies from cool summers and severe winters w north to subtropical summers and mild winters w south
HolandiaHolandia temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds
Nowa KaledoniaNowa Kaledonia tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia temperate z sharp regional contrasts
NikaraguaNikaragua tropical w lowlands, cooler w highlands
NigerNiger desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical w extreme south
NigeriaNigeria varies; equatorial w south, tropical w center, arid w north
NiueNiue tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Wyspa NorfolkWyspa Norfolk subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season grudzien to czerwiec, rainy season lipiec to pazdziernik
NorwegiaNorwegia temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior z increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast
OmanOman dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (maj to wrzesien) w far south
Ocean SpokojnyOcean Spokojny planetary air pressure systems and resultant wind patterns exhibit remarkable uniformity w the south and east; trade winds and westerly winds are well-developed patterns, modified by seasonal fluctuations; tropical cyclones (hurricanes) may form south of Meksyk from czerwiec to pazdziernik and affect Meksyk and Central America; continental influences cause climatic uniformity to be much less pronounced w the eastern and western regions at the same latitude w the North Ocean Spokojny; the western Pacific is monsoonal - a rainy season occurs during the summer months, when moisture-laden winds blow from the ocean over the land, and a dry season during the winter months, when dry winds blow from the Asian landmass back to the ocean; tropical cyclones (typhoons) may strike southeast and east Asia from maj to grudzien
PakistanPakistan mostly hot, dry desert; temperate w northwest; arctic w north
PalauPalau tropical; hot and humid; wet season maj to listopad
PalmyraPalmyra equatorial, hot, and very rainy
PanamaPanama tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (maj to styczen), short dry season (styczen to maj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea tropical; northwest monsoon (grudzien to marzec), southeast monsoon (maj to pazdziernik); slight seasonal temperature variation
Wyspy ParacelskieWyspy Paracelskie tropical
ParagwajParagwaj subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall w the eastern portions, becoming semiarid w the far west
PeruPeru varies from tropical w east to dry desert w west; temperate to frigid w Andes
FilipinyFilipiny tropical marine; northeast monsoon (listopad to kwiecien); southwest monsoon (maj to pazdziernik)
PitcairnPitcairn tropical; hot and humid; modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (listopad to marzec)
PolskaPolska temperate z cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters z frequent precipitation; mild summers z frequent showers and thundershowers
PortugaliaPortugalia maritime temperate; cool and rainy w north, warmer and drier w south
PortorykoPortoryko tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
KatarKatar arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
RumuniaRumunia temperate; cold, cloudy winters z frequent snow and fog; sunny summers z frequent showers and thunderstorms
RosjaRosja ranges from steppes w the south through humid continental w much of European Rosja; subarctic w Siberia to tundra climate w the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid w Siberia; summers vary from warm w the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
RuandaRuanda temperate; two rainy seasons (luty to kwiecien, listopad to styczen); mild w mountains z frost and snow possible
Saint-BarthelemySaint-Barthelemy tropical, z practically no variation w temperature; has two seasons (dry and humid)
Swieta HelenaSwieta Helena Swieta Helena: tropical marine; mild, tempered by trade winds


Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild, semi-arid


Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Swieta Helena)
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (maj to listopad)
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season styczen to kwiecien, rainy season maj to sierpien
Saint MartinSaint Martin temperature averages 80-85 degrees all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; lipiec-Novemeber is the hurricane season
Saint-Pierre i MiquelonSaint-Pierre i Miquelon cold and wet, z much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (maj to listopad)
SamoaSamoa tropical; rainy season (listopad to kwiecien), dry season (maj to pazdziernik)
San MarinoSan Marino Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (pazdziernik to maj)
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska harsh, dry desert z great temperature extremes
SenegalSenegal tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (maj to listopad) has strong southeast winds; dry season (grudzien to kwiecien) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
SerbiaSerbia in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers z well distributed rainfall); w other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters z heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)
SeszeleSeszele tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late maj to wrzesien); warmer season during northwest monsoon (marzec to maj)
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (maj to grudzien); winter dry season (grudzien to kwiecien)
SingapurSingapur tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (grudzien to marzec) and Southwestern monsoon (czerwiec to wrzesien); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
SlowacjaSlowacja temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
SloweniaSlowenia Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate z mild to hot summers and cold winters w the plateaus and valleys to the east
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather
SomaliaSomalia principally desert; northeast monsoon (grudzien to luty), moderate temperatures w north and hot w south; southwest monsoon (maj to pazdziernik), torrid w the north and hot w the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
Georgia Poludniowa i Sandwich PoludniowyGeorgia Poludniowa i Sandwich Poludniowy variable, z mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed z periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow
Ocean PoludniowyOcean Poludniowy sea temperatures vary from about 10 degrees Celsius to -2 degrees Celsius; cyclonic storms travel eastward around the continent and frequently are intense because of the temperature contrast between ice and open ocean; the ocean area from about latitude 40 south to the Antarctic Circle has the strongest average winds found anywhere on Earth; w winter the ocean freezes outward to 65 degrees south latitude w the Pacific sector and 55 degrees south latitude w the Atlantic sector, lowering surface temperatures well below 0 degrees Celsius; at some coastal points intense persistent drainage winds from the interior keep the shoreline ice-free throughout the winter
HiszpaniaHiszpania temperate; clear, hot summers w interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters w interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
Wyspy SpratlyWyspy Spratly tropical
Sri LankaSri Lanka tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (grudzien to marzec); southwest monsoon (czerwiec to pazdziernik)
SudanSudan tropical w south; arid desert w north; rainy season varies by region (kwiecien to listopad)
SurinamSurinam tropical; moderated by trade winds
SvalbardSvalbard arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the rok
SuaziSuazi varies from tropical to near temperate
SzwecjaSzwecja temperate w south z cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic w north
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria temperate, but varies z altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers z occasional showers
SyriaSyria mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (czerwiec to sierpien) and mild, rainy winters (grudzien to luty) along coast; cold weather z snow or sleet periodically w Damascus
TajwanTajwan tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (czerwiec to sierpien); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all rok
TadzykistanTadzykistan midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar w Pamir Mountains
TanzaniaTanzania varies from tropical along coast to temperate w highlands
TajlandiaTajlandia tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-maj to wrzesien); dry, cool northeast monsoon (listopad to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
TogoTogo tropical; hot, humid w south; semiarid w north
TokelauTokelau tropical; moderated by trade winds (kwiecien to listopad)
TongaTonga tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (grudzien to maj), cool season (maj to grudzien)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago tropical; rainy season (czerwiec to grudzien)
TunezjaTunezja temperate w north z mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert w south
TurcjaTurcja temperate; hot, dry summers z mild, wet winters; harsher w interior
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan subtropical desert
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
TuvaluTuvalu tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (marzec to listopad); westerly gales and heavy rain (listopad to marzec)
UgandaUganda tropical; generally rainy z two dry seasons (grudzien to luty, czerwiec to sierpien); semiarid w northeast
UkrainaUkraina temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest w west and north, lesser w east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot w the south
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie desert; cooler w eastern mountains
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone mostly temperate, but tropical w Hawaii and Florida, arctic w Alaska, semiarid w the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid w the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures w the northwest are ameliorated occasionally w styczen and luty by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains
Stany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife RefugesStany Zjednoczone Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges Baker, Howland, and Jarviss: equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun


Johnston and Kingman: tropical, but generally dry; consistent northeast trade winds z little seasonal temperature variation


Midway: subtropical z cool, moist winters (grudzien to luty) and warm, dry summers (maj to pazdziernik); moderated by prevailing easterly winds; most of the 1,067 mm (42 in) of annual rainfall occurs during the winter


Palmyra: equatorial, hot; located within the low pressure area of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) where the northeast and southeast trade winds meet, it is extremely wet z between 4,000-5,000 mm (160-200 in) of rainfall each rok
UrugwajUrugwaj warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
UzbekistanUzbekistan mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland w east
VanuatuVanuatu tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from maj to pazdziernik; moderate rainfall from listopad to kwiecien; may be affected by cyclones from grudzien to kwiecien
WenezuelaWenezuela tropical; hot, humid; more moderate w highlands
WietnamWietnam tropical w south; monsoonal w north z hot, rainy season (maj to wrzesien) and warm, dry season (pazdziernik to marzec)
Wyspy DziewiczeWyspy Dziewicze subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season wrzesien to listopad
WakeWake tropical
Wallis i FutunaWallis i Futuna tropical; hot, rainy season (listopad to kwiecien); cool, dry season (maj to pazdziernik); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C
Zachodni BrzegZachodni Brzeg temperate; temperature and precipitation vary z altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold offshore air currents produce fog and heavy dew
SwiatSwiat a wide equatorial band of hot and humid tropical climates - bordered north and south by subtropical temperate zones - that separate two large areas of cold and dry polar climates
JemenJemen mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate w western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert w east
ZambiaZambia tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (pazdziernik to kwiecien)
ZimbabweZimbabwe tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (listopad to marzec)
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