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Jezyki (2008)

Jezyki - wybierz rok:
- Jezyki (2001) (porownaj)
- Jezyki (2002) (porownaj)
- Jezyki (2003) (porownaj)
- Jezyki (2004) (porownaj)
- Jezyki (2005) (porownaj)
- Jezyki (2006) (porownaj)
- Jezyki (2007) (porownaj)


Informacje o Jezyki w 2008 rok

AfganistanAfganistan Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
AkrotiriAkrotiri English, Greek
AlbaniaAlbania Albanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects
AlgieriaAlgieria Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Samoa AmerykanskieSamoa Amerykanskie Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%


note: most people are bilingual (2000 census)
AndoraAndora Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
AngolaAngola Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
AnguillaAnguilla English (official)
Antigua i BarbudaAntigua i Barbuda English (official), local dialects
ArgentynaArgentyna Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
ArmeniaArmenia Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Rosjan 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
ArubaAruba Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 66.3%, Spanish 12.6%, English (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified or unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
AustraliaAustralia English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census)
AustriaAustria German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Chorwacjan (official w Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene,official w Carinthia, and Hungarian, official w Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
AzerbejdzanAzerbejdzan Azerbejdzani (Azeri) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Rosjan 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1% (1999 census)
BahamyBahamy English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
BahrajnBahrajn Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
BangladeszBangladesz Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
BarbadosBarbados English
BialorusBialorus Bialorusian, Rosjan, other
BelgiaBelgia Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
BelizeBelize Spanish 46%, Creole 32.9%, majan dialects 8.9%, English 3.9% (official), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.4%, unknown 0.2% (2000 census)
BeninBenin French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars w south), tribal languages (at least six major ones w north)
BermudyBermudy English (official), Portuguese
BhutanBhutan Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects
BoliwiaBoliwia Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)
Bosnia i HercegowinaBosnia i Hercegowina Bosnian, Chorwacjan, Serbian
BotswanaBotswana Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
BrazyliaBrazylia Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Brytyjskie Wyspy DziewiczeBrytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze English (official)
BruneiBrunei Malay (official), English, Chinese
BulgariaBulgaria Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
BirmaBirma Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages
BurundiBurundi Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and w the Bujumbura area)
KambodzaKambodza Khmer (official) 95%, French, English
KamerunKamerun 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
KanadaKanada English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%
Republika Zielonego PrzyladkaRepublika Zielonego Przyladka Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
KajmanyKajmany English
Cesarstwo SrodkowoafrykanskieCesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
CzadCzad French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
ChileChile Spanish
ChinyChiny Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Tajwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Grupy etniczne entry)
Wyspa Bozego NarodzeniaWyspa Bozego Narodzenia English (official), Chinese, Malay
Wyspy KokosoweWyspy Kokosowe Malay (Cocos dialect), English
KolumbiaKolumbia Spanish
KomoryKomory Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Kongo, Republika DemokratycznaKongo, Republika Demokratyczna French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Wyspy CookaWyspy Cooka English (official), Maori
KostarykaKostaryka Spanish (official), English
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire French (official), 60 native dialects z Dioula the most widely spoken
ChorwacjaChorwacja Chorwacjan 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)
KubaKuba Spanish
CyprCypr Greek, Turkish, English
CzechyCzechy Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)
DaniaDania Danish, Faroese, Grenlandiaic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)


note: English is the predominant second language
DhekeliaDhekelia English, Greek
DzibutiDzibuti French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
DominikaDominika English (official), French patois
Republika DominikanskaRepublika Dominikanska Spanish
EkwadorEkwador Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
EgiptEgipt Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
SalwadorSalwador Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Gwinea RównikowaGwinea Równikowa Spanish 67.6% (official), other 32.4% (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) (1994 census)
ErytreaErytrea Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
EstoniaEstonia Estonian (official) 67.3%, Rosjan 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)
EtiopiaEtiopia Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (major foreign language taught w schools) (1994 census)
Unia EuropejskaUnia Europejska Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Gaelic, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Lotwan, Litwan, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Rumunian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish


note: only official languages are listed; German, the major language of Niemcy, Austria, and Szwajcaria, is the most widely spoken mother tongue - over 19% of the EU population; English is the most widely spoken language - about 49% of the EU population is conversant z it (2007)
FalklandyFalklandy English
Wyspy OwczeWyspy Owcze Faroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
FidziFidzi English (official), Fidzian (official), Hindustani
FinlandiaFinlandia Finnish 92% (official), Swedish 5.6% (official), other 2.4% (small Sami- and Rosjan-speaking minorities) (2003)
FrancjaFrancja French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)


overseas departments: French, Creole patois
Polinezja FrancuskaPolinezja Francuska French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
GabonGabon French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
GambiaGambia English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
GazaGaza Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
GeorgiaGeorgia Georgian 71% (official), Rosjan 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%


note: Abkhaz is the official language w Abkhazia
NiemcyNiemcy German
GhanaGhana Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census)
GibraltarGibraltar English (used w schools and dla official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
GrecjaGrecja Greek 99% (official), other 1% (includes English and French)
GrenlandiaGrenlandia Grenlandiaic (East Inuit), Danish, English
GrenadaGrenada English (official), French patois
GuamGuam English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
GwatemalaGwatemala Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
GuernseyGuernsey English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken w country districts
GwineaGwinea French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language
Gwinea BissauGwinea Bissau Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
GujanaGujana English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
HaitiHaiti French (official), Creole (official)
WatykanWatykan Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
HondurasHonduras Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Hong KongHong Kong Chinese (Cantonese) 89.2% (official), other Chinese dialects 6.4%, English 3.2% (official), other 1.2% (2001 census)
WegryWegry Hungarian 93.6%, other or unspecified 6.4% (2001 census)
IslandiaIslandia Islandiaic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
IndieIndie English enjoys associate status but is the most important language dla national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 21 other official languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanscrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern Indie but is not an official language
IndonezjaIndonezja Bahasa Indonezja (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)
IranIran Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
IrakIrak Arabic, Kurdish (official w Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
IrlandiaIrlandia English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly w areas located along the western seaboard
Wyspa ManWyspa Man English, Manx Gaelic
IzraelIzrael Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially dla Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
WlochyWlochy Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority w Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority w the Trieste-Gorizia area)
JamajkaJamajka English, English patois
JaponiaJaponia Japoniaese
JerseyJersey English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
JordaniaJordania Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes
KazachstanKazachstan Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Rosjan (official, used w everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
KeniaKenia English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
KiribatiKiribati I-Kiribati, English (official)
Polnocna KoreaPolnocna Korea Korean
Poludniowa KoreaPoludniowa Korea Korean, English widely taught w junior high and high school
KosowoKosowo Albanian, Serbian, Bosniak, Turkish
KuwejtKuwejt Arabic (official), English widely spoken
KirgistanKirgistan Kyrgyz 64.7% (official), Uzbek 13.6%, Rosjan 12.5% (official), Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)
LaosLaos Lao (official), French, English, and various ethnic languages
LotwaLotwa Lotwan (official) 58.2%, Rosjan 37.5%, Litwan and other 4.3% (2000 census)
LibanLiban Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
LesothoLesotho Sesotho (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa
LiberiaLiberia English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used w correspondence
LibiaLibia Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood w the major cities
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein German (official), Alemannic dialect
LitwaLitwa Litwan (official) 82%, Rosjan 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)
LuksemburgLuksemburg Luksemburgish (national language), German (administrative language), French (administrative language)
MakauMakau Cantonese 87.9%, Hokkien 4.4%, Mandarin 1.6%, other Chinese dialects 3.1%, other 3% (2001 census)
MacedoniaMacedonia Macedonian 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
MadagaskarMadagaskar English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)
MalawiMalawi Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
MalezjaMalezja Bahasa Malezja (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai


note: w East Malezja there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
MalediwyMalediwy Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English spoken by most government officials
MaliMali French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
MaltaMalta Maltese (official), English (official)
Wyspy MarshallaWyspy Marshalla Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)


note: English (official), widely spoken as a second language
MauretaniaMauretania Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof
MauritiusMauritius Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
MajottaMajotta Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
MeksykMeksyk Spanish, various majan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
Mikronezja, Sfederowane Stany MikronezjiMikronezja, Sfederowane Stany Mikronezji English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
MoldawiaMoldawia Moldawian (official, virtually the same as the Rumunian language), Rosjan, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
MonakoMonako French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
MongoliaMongolia Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Rosjan (1999)
CzarnogoraCzarnogora Serbian (official; Ijekavian dialect), Bosnian, Albanian, Chorwacjan
MontserratMontserrat English
MarokoMaroko Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
MozambikMozambik Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
NamibiaNamibia English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)
NauruNauru Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used dla most government and commercial purposes
NepalNepal Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)


note: many w government and business also speak English (2001 est.)
HolandiaHolandia Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
Antyle HolenderskieAntyle Holenderskie Papiamento 65.4% (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect), English 15.9% (widely spoken), Dutch 7.3% (official), Spanish 6.1%, Creole 1.6%, other 1.9%, unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Nowa KaledoniaNowa Kaledonia French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Nowa ZelandiaNowa Zelandia English (official), Maori (official), Sign Language (official)
NikaraguaNikaragua Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)


note: English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
NigerNiger French (official), Hausa, Djerma
NigeriaNigeria English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
NiueNiue Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English
Wyspa NorfolkWyspa Norfolk English (official), Norfolk - a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)
NorwegiaNorwegia Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami is official w six municipalities
OmanOman Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indien dialects
PakistanPakistan Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%
PalauPalau Palauan 64.7% official w all islands except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japoniaese, and English are official), Filipino 13.5%, English 9.4%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japoniaese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000 census)
PanamaPanama Spanish (official), English 14%; note - many Panamanians bilingual
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken w Papua region


note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
ParagwajParagwaj Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
PeruPeru Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
FilipinyFilipiny Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
PitcairnPitcairn English (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century English dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
PolskaPolska Polish 97.8%, other and unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)
PortugaliaPortugalia Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)
PortorykoPortoryko Spanish, English
KatarKatar Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
RumuniaRumunia Rumunian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
RosjaRosja Rosjan, many minority languages
RuandaRuanda Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), English (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used w commercial centers
Saint-BarthelemySaint-Barthelemy French (primary), English
Swieta HelenaSwieta Helena English
Saint Kitts i NevisSaint Kitts i Nevis English
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia English (official), French patois
Saint MartinSaint Martin French (official language), English, Dutch, French Patois, Spanish, Papiamento (dialect of Antyle Holenderskie)
Saint-Pierre i MiquelonSaint-Pierre i Miquelon French (official)
Saint Vincent i GrenadynySaint Vincent i Grenadyny English, French patois
SamoaSamoa Samoan (Polynesian), English
San MarinoSan Marino Italian
Wyspy Swietego Tomasza i KsiazecaWyspy Swietego Tomasza i Ksiazeca Portuguese (official)
Arabia SaudyjskaArabia Saudyjska Arabic
SenegalSenegal French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
SerbiaSerbia Serbian 88.3% (official), Hungarian 3.8%, Bosniak 1.8%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 4.1%, unknown 0.9% (2002 census)


note: Rumunian, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, and Chorwacjan all official w Vojvodina
SeszeleSeszele Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular w the south), Temne (principal vernacular w the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language dla 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
SingapurSingapur Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
SlowacjaSlowacja Slovak (official) 83.9%, Hungarian 10.7%, Roma 1.8%, Ukrainian 1%, other or unspecified 2.6% (2001 census)
SloweniaSlowenia Slowenian 91.1%, Serbo-Chorwacjan 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4% (2002 census)
Wyspy SalomonaWyspy Salomona Melanesian pidgin w much of the country is lingua franca; English (official; but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population); 120 indigenous languages
SomaliaSomalia Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
Republika Poludniowej AfrykiRepublika Poludniowej Afryki IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001 census)
HiszpaniaHiszpania Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally
Sri LankaSri Lanka Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%


note: English is commonly used w government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population
SudanSudan Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English


note: program of "Arabization" w process
SurinamSurinam Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamse, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
SvalbardSvalbard Norwegian, Rosjan
SuaziSuazi English (official, government business conducted w English), siSwati (official)
SzwecjaSzwecja Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
SzwajcariaSzwajcaria German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Chorwacjan 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 2.8% (2000 census)


note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages
SyriaSyria Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood
TajwanTajwan Mandarin Chinese (official), Tajwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
TadzykistanTadzykistan Tajik (official), Rosjan widely used w government and business
TanzaniaTanzania Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name dla Swahili w Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken w Zanzibar), many local languages


note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living w Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu w structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic and English; it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages
TajlandiaTajlandia Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Timor WschodniTimor Wschodni Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonezjan, English


note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people
TogoTogo French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages w the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages w the north)
TokelauTokelau Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
TongaTonga Tongan, English
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese
TunezjaTunezja Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)
TurcjaTurcja Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (or Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian


note: there is also a substantial Gagauz population w the European part of Turcja
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan Turkmen 72%, Rosjan 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Turks i CaicosTurks i Caicos English (official)
TuvaluTuvalu Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
UgandaUganda English (official national language, taught w grade schools, used w courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred dla native language publications w the capital and may be taught w school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
UkrainaUkraina Ukrainian (official) 67%, Rosjan 24%, other 9% (includes small Rumunian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities)
Zjednoczone Emiraty ArabskieZjednoczone Emiraty Arabskie Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Wielka BrytaniaWielka Brytania English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 w Scotland)
Stany ZjednoczoneStany Zjednoczone English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)


note: Hawaiian is an official language w the state of Hawaii
UrugwajUrugwaj Spanish, Portunol, or Brazyliaero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazyliaian frontier)
UzbekistanUzbekistan Uzbek 74.3%, Rosjan 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
VanuatuVanuatu local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)
WenezuelaWenezuela Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
WietnamWietnam Wietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Wyspy DziewiczeWyspy Dziewicze English 74.7%, Spanish or Spanish Creole 16.8%, French or French Creole 6.6%, other 1.9% (2000 census)
Wallis i FutunaWallis i Futuna Wallisian 58.9% (indigenous Polynesian language), Futunian 30.1%, French 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)
Zachodni BrzegZachodni Brzeg Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Izraeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Sahara ZachodniaSahara Zachodnia Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
SwiatSwiat Mandarin Chinese 13.22%, Spanish 4.88%, English 4.68%, Arabic 3.12%, Hindi 2.74%, Portuguese 2.69%, Bengali 2.59%, Rosjan 2.2%, Japoniaese 1.85%, Standard German 1.44%, Wu Chinese 1.17% (2005 est.)


note: percents are dla "first language" speakers only
JemenJemen Arabic
ZambiaZambia English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages
ZimbabweZimbabwe English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
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